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Virginia 10th Infantry (Confederate)

01 Jul 1861

21 Jul 1861

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Edmund Kirby Smith.

Brigadier General Edmund Kirby Smith

21 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of First Bull Run
The Battle of First Bull Run

One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

08 May 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William B. Taliaferro.

Brigadier General William B. Taliaferro

08 May 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Simeon B. Gibbons.

08 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of McDowell at Highland County, Virginia.

The Battle of McDowell
The Battle of McDowell

As Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan prepared to march his Army of the Potomac up the Virginia Peninsula and capture Richmond, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to prevent Union troops in the Shenandoah Valley from reinforcing McClellan. After his tactical defeat at the First Battle of Kernstown, Jackson moved up the valley to confront a Union force entering it from western Virginia. Joining forces with Brig. Gen. Edward "Allegheny" Johnson's Army of the… Read More

25 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of First Winchester at Winchester, Virginia.

The Battle of First Winchester
The Battle of First Winchester

Part of Jackson's Valley Campaign, the First Battle of Winchester took place May 24, 1862. The battle was huge victory for Jackson's troops and disrupted the Union's plans to take Richmond. Read More

08 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Cross Keys at Rockingham County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cross Keys
The Battle of Cross Keys

Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont’s and his 11,000-man Mountain Department army were tasked with keeping Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's two-division force engaged in the Shenandoah Valley and unable to join with Robert E. Lee's army defending Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign against the Confederate capital. In early June, Jackson's men under Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell were encamped in the vicinity of Cross Keys on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Union screening cavalry approached Jackson f… Read More

09 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of Port Republic at Rockingham County, Virginia.

The Battle of Port Republic
The Battle of Port Republic

One day after the battle at Cross Keys, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson concentrated his division east of the South Fork of the Shenandoah River near Port Republic against the isolated brigades of Brig. Gen. Erastus Tyler and Col. Samuel S. Carroll. Confederate assaults across the bottomland of the Lewis family farm, along the River Road, spearheaded by the Stonewall Brigade, were repulsed with heavy casualties. A Confederate flank attack, including a brigade of the Louisiana Tigers, overtook an ar… Read More

01 Jul 1862

Participated in the Battle of Malvern Hill at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill

On June 30th, the retreating Federal Army of the Potomac finally stopped at the James River at the end of seven days of fighting outside of Richmond. Read More

09 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Joshua Stover.

09 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Alexander G. Taliaferro.

09 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Charles S. Winder.

Brigadier General Charles S. Winder

09 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain at Culpepper County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Mountain
The Battle of Cedar Mountain

Maj. Gen. John Pope was placed in command of the newly-constituted Army of Virginia on June 26th. Pope's orders were to defend Washington DC and Union-held northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan battled Robert E. Lee outside of Richmond.  When McClellan was defeated at the end of the Seven Days battles less than a week later, Lee turned his attention north toward Pope while McClellan regrouped his army. Pope's three army corps were arrayed in a line from th… Read More

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General William B. Taliaferro.

Brigadier General William B. Taliaferro

28 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Bull Run
The Battle of Second Bull Run

After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

01 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Chantilly at Fairfax Co, VA.

The Battle of Chantilly
The Battle of Chantilly

Confederate Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat from Manassas the day after the Confederate victory at the second battle fought there. Jackson's wing of Lee's army made a wide, flanking march, screened by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, north and then east, to take the strategically important village of Germantown. There, Maj. Gen. John Pope's only two retreat routes to Washington - the Warrenton Pike and the Little River Turnpike - converged. On September 1st, beyond Chanti… Read More

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Edward T. H. Warren, Colonel James L. Sheffield, and Colonel James W. Jackson.

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel James W. Jackson.

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General John R. Jones.

Brigadier General John R. Jones

17 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General William E. Starke.

Brigadier General William E. Starke

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Simeon B. Gibbons.

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Edward T.H. Warren.

13 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksburg

In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain A. H. Smals, Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker, and Major Joshua Stover.

Captain A. H. Smals

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker

Major Joshua Stover

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel E. T. H. Warren, Colonel Titus V. Williams, and Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton A. Brown.

Colonel E. T. H. Warren

Colonel Titus V. Williams

Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton A. Brown

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel T. Walker

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Joshua Stover.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel E. T. H. Warren.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Titus V. Williams.

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

03 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Second Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

13 Jun 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel E. T. H. Warren.

13 Jun 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General George H. Steuart.

Brigadier General George H. Steuart

13 Jun 1863

Participated in the Battle of Second Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester County, Virginia.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Edward T. H. Warren.

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

27 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Mine Run
The Battle of Mine Run

After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.  On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the O… Read More

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General George H. Steuart, and Colonel Titus V. Williams.

Brigadier General George H. Steuart

Colonel Titus V. Williams

08 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General George H. Steuart.

Brigadier General George H. Steuart

08 May 1864

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Edward Johnson.

Major General Edward Johnson

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

31 May 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Terry.

Brigadier General William Terry

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

05 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Piedmont at Augusta County, Virginia.

09 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Monocacy at Frederick County, Maryland.

The Battle of Monocacy
The Battle of Monocacy

After marching north down the Shenandoah Valley from Lynchburg, the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early side-stepped the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry and crossed the Potomac River at Shepherdstown into Maryland on July 5-6th, 1864. On July 9th, a makeshift Union force under Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace attempted to stop Early’s invading Confederate divisions along the Monocacy River, just east of Frederick. The strategic area was near the junction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the Georgetown… Read More

11 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stevens at District of Columbia, DC.

The Battle of Fort Stevens
The Battle of Fort Stevens

After his victory over Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace at the Battle of Monocacy in central Maryland on July 9th, Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early pressed his advantage and moved south toward the Union capital in Washington, DC. On July 11th, Early's exhausted Confederates reached the outskirts of Washington near Silver Spring. Skirmishers advanced to feel the fortifications that encircled the city, which at the time were manned only by Home Guards, clerks, and convalescent troops. During the night, Union reinfo… Read More

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Saunders.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Saunders

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William R. Terry.

Brigadier General William R. Terry

19 Sep 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Saunders.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Saunders

19 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Third Winchester at Frederick County, Virginia; Winchester, Virginia.

The Battle of Third Winchester
The Battle of Third Winchester

To clear the Shenandoah River valley of Confederates, Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan moved on Winchester in mid-September 1864. Sheridan’s force of over 39,000 men was more than twice the size of Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army defending the valley. After Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s division left Winchester to rejoin Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg, Early renewed his raids on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg in the lower valley, dispersing his four remaining infantry divisions. On Septem… Read More

21 Sep 1864

Participated in the Battle of Fisher's Hill at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

The Battle of Fisher's Hill
The Battle of Fisher's Hill

Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley, bloodied by its defeat at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19th, retreated 20 miles up the valley and took a defensive position in an east-west line across Fisher’s Hill, southwest of Strasburg.  Maj. Gen. Phillip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah, in accordance with Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's orders, aggressively pursued Early.  Sheridan, outnumbering Early about three to one, noted that the right of the Confederate line was… Read More

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel H. Saunders.

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel H. Saunders

19 Oct 1864

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Terry.

Brigadier General William Terry

19 Oct 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

The Battle of Cedar Creek
The Battle of Cedar Creek

Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

25 Mar 1865

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Terry, and Colonel John D. Whitehead.

Brigadier General William Terry

Colonel John D. Whitehead

25 Mar 1865

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General William Terry.

Brigadier General William Terry

25 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Fort Stedman at Petersburg, VA.

The Battle of Fort Stedman
The Battle of Fort Stedman

By March of 1865, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's grip on the Confederate lines around Petersburg was having its desired effect. Outnumbered and weakened by disease, desertion and shortage of food and supplies, Gen. Robert E. Lee had few options. After careful study of the Union troops in his sector of the line, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon suggested to Lee the possibility of a successful offensive strike against Grant. In front of Gordon's men, Union-held Fort Stedman seemed the best target for a Confederate a… Read More

06 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Sailor's Creek at Amelia County, Virginia; Prince Edward County, Virginia; Nottoway County, Virginia.

The Battle of Sailor's Creek
The Battle of Sailor's Creek

Five days after Robert E. Lee's men retreated from the trenches of Petersburg, cavalry under Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan effectively cut off three separate corps of Lee's army near Sailor's Creek, a tributary of the Appomattox River, while the Union Second and Sixth Corps approached from the east. On April 6th, two brigades of Andrew H. Humphrey's Second Corps overwhelmed two brigades of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division as the Confederates struggled to move their supply and artillery trains across the creek… Read More

09 Apr 1865

Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

The Battle of Appomattox Court House
The Battle of Appomattox Court House

Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

09 Apr 1865

Virginia 10th Infantry mustered out.