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Michigan 3rd Volunteer Infantry (Union)

21 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of First Bull Run at Fairfax County, Virginia; Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of First Bull Run
The Battle of First Bull Run

One of earliest battles of the Civil War, it introduced Americans to the idea that this would likely not be a short conflict and blood would be shed: Read More

05 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, VIrginia.

The Battle of Williamsburg
The Battle of Williamsburg

Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Stephen G. Champlin.

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Hiram G. Berry.

Brigadier General Hiram G. Berry

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General Philip Kearny.

Brigadier General Philip Kearny

31 May 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Stephen G. Champlin.

31 May 1862

Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Seven Pines
The Battle of Seven Pines

Do you have information or corrections for this battle? [Let us know so we can get it right!](https://surveys.hotjar.com/s?siteId=1216908&surveyId=155200) Read More

30 Jun 1862

Participated in the Battle of White Oak Swamp at Henrico County, Virginia.

01 Jul 1862

Participated in the Battle of Malvern Hill at Henrico County, Virginia.

The Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill

On June 30th, the retreating Federal Army of the Potomac finally stopped at the James River at the end of seven days of fighting outside of Richmond. Read More

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Stephen G. Champlin, and Major Byron R. Pierce.

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Orlando Poe.

Colonel Orlando Poe

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Philip Kearny.

Major General Philip Kearny

28 Aug 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Stephen G. Champlin.

28 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

The Battle of Second Bull Run
The Battle of Second Bull Run

After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

01 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Orlando M. Poe.

01 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General David B. Birney, and Major General Philip Kearny.

Brigadier General David B. Birney

Major General Philip Kearny

01 Sep 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Major General Philip Kearny.

Major General Philip Kearny

01 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Chantilly at Fairfax Co, VA.

The Battle of Chantilly
The Battle of Chantilly

Confederate Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat from Manassas the day after the Confederate victory at the second battle fought there. Jackson's wing of Lee's army made a wide, flanking march, screened by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, north and then east, to take the strategically important village of Germantown. There, Maj. Gen. John Pope's only two retreat routes to Washington - the Warrenton Pike and the Little River Turnpike - converged. On September 1st, beyond Chanti… Read More

17 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Major Moses B. Houghton.

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Brigadier General Hiram G. Berry.

Brigadier General Hiram G. Berry

13 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General David B. Birney.

Brigadier General David B. Birney

13 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

The Battle of Fredericksburg
The Battle of Fredericksburg

In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Byron R. Pierce, and Lieutenant Colonel Edwin S. Pierce.

Colonel Byron R. Pierce

Lieutenant Colonel Edwin S. Pierce

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Samuel B. Hayman.

30 Apr 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Byron R. Pierce.

30 Apr 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Chancellorsville
The Battle of Chancellorsville

On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Byron R. Pierce, Lieutenant Colonel Edwin S. Pierce, and Major Moses B. Houghton.

Colonel Byron R. Pierce

Lieutenant Colonel Edwin S. Pierce

Major Moses B. Houghton

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel P. Régis de Trobriand.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward, and Major General David B. Birney.

Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward

Major General David B. Birney

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Colonel Byron R. Pierce.

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Division led by Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward.

Brigadier General J. H. Hobart Ward

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

27 Nov 1863

Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Mine Run
The Battle of Mine Run

After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.  On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the O… Read More

05 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

The Battle of Wilderness
The Battle of Wilderness

The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

08 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

31 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

The Battle of Cold Harbor
The Battle of Cold Harbor

After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan’s cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

09 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of First Petersburg at Petersburg, Virginia.

15 Oct 1864

Michigan 3rd Volunteer Infantry organized.

05 Dec 1864

Participated in the Battle of Third Murfreesboro at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

25 May 1866

Michigan 3rd Volunteer Infantry mustered out.