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Michigan 1st Light Artillery (Union)

11 Jul 1861

Participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain at Randolph County, Virginia.

The Battle of Rich Mountain
The Battle of Rich Mountain

Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia in June 1861. After their defeat by McClellan at Philippi, Confederate troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett had fortified two key mountain passes. The one furthest south, Camp Garnett, consisted of earth and log entrenchments overlooking the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike at Rich Mountain, just west of Beverly. On June 27th, McClellan moved his brigades of Ohio and Indiana soldiers from Clarksburg south aga… Read More

12 Sep 1861

Participated in the Battle of Cheat Mountain at Pochahontas County, West Virginia; Randolph County, West Virginia.

17 Sep 1861

Michigan 1st Light Artillery organized.

28 Feb 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain A. W. Dees.

Captain A. W. Dees

28 Feb 1862

Participated in the Battle of Island Number Ten at New Madrid, Missouri; Lake County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Island Number Ten
The Battle of Island Number Ten

In addition to prosecuting the coastal blockade and pursuing Confederate commerce raiders, the U.S. Navy’s other main role in the Civil War, and arguably its most important one, was seizing and controlling the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In this effort, the main obstacle was not the tiny Confederate navy, but rather the formidable shore fortifications erected by the Confederates along the banks of the Tennessee, Cumberland and Mississippi Rivers. This war, therefore, was less often a matter of s… Read More

06 Apr 1862

Participated in the Battle of Shiloh at Hardin County, Tennessee.

The Battle of Shiloh
The Battle of Shiloh

On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck the encamped divisions of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Read More

30 Aug 1862

Participated in the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky at Madison County, Kentucky.

The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky

In Maj. Gen. Kirby Smith’s 1862 Confederate offensive into Kentucky, Brig. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne led the advance with Col. John S. Scott’s cavalry out in front. The Rebel cavalry, while moving north from Big Hill on the road to Richmond, Kentucky, encountered Union troopers on August 29th and began skirmishing. After noon, Union artillery and infantry joined the fray, forcing the Confederate cavalry to retreat to Big Hill. At that time, Brig. Gen. Mahlon D. Manson, who commanded Union forces in the area… Read More

19 Sep 1862

Participated in the Battle of Iuka at Tishomingo County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Iuka
The Battle of Iuka

Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Army of the West main column marched into Iuka, Mississippi, on September 14th. Price’s superior, Gen. Braxton Bragg, had ordered Price to prevent Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans’s Army of the Mississippi from moving into Tennessee and reinforcing Nashville. Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, commanding the Army of the Tennessee, feared that Price intended to go north to join Bragg. Grant devised a plan for his left wing commander, Maj. Gen. E.O.C. Ord, to advance on Iuka from the west;… Read More

03 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by undefined Lt. Carl A. Lambert.

03 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Corinth at Corinth, Mississippi.

The Battle of Corinth
The Battle of Corinth

Union forces had captured the railroad junction and important transportation center at Corinth, Mississippi in the spring of 1862 after their victory at Shiloh. After the Battle of Iuka in September, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate Army of the West marched to Ripley, Mississippi where it joined Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee. Van Dorn took command of the combined force numbering about 22,000 men. The Rebels marched southeast toward Corinth, hoping to recapture it and then sweep int… Read More

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Cyrus Orlando Loomis.

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel William Haines Lytle.

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Brigade led by Colonel Curran Pope.

Colonel Curran Pope

08 Oct 1862

Assigned to the Division led by undefined 2nd Kentucky Cavalry : Col Buckner Board.

08 Oct 1862

Participated in the Battle of Perryville at Perryville, Kentucky.

The Battle of Perryville
The Battle of Perryville

On October 7, 1862, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio, in pursuit of Gen Braxton Bragg’s Army of Mississippi, approached the crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky. Union forces skirmished with Confederates on the Springfield Pike before heavy fighting began on Peters Hill. The next day, fighting continued as a Union division advanced up the pike. After noon, a Confederate division struck the Union left flank and forced it to fall back. When more Confederates joined the fray, the Union line ma… Read More

26 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Charles H. Lanphere.

26 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou at Warren County, MIssissippi.

31 Dec 1862

Assigned to the Regiment led by Lieutenant George W. Van Pelt.

31 Dec 1862

Participated in the Battle of Stones River at Murfreesboro, TN.

The Battle of Stones River
The Battle of Stones River

After his October 1862 defeat at Perryville in Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg withdrew his army into middle Tennessee and resupplied his men near Murfreesboro. Read More

09 Jan 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Charles H. Lanphere.

09 Jan 1863

Participated in the Battle of Arkansas Post at Arkansas Post, Arkansas.

The Battle of Arkansas Post
The Battle of Arkansas Post

The Battle of Arkansas Post, also known as the Battle of Fort Hindman, was a combined land-river assault by Union forces on the Confederate Fort Hindman, which loomed over a bend in the Arkansas River near the town of Arkansas Post. As the Union advance down the Mississippi River passed the mouth of the Arkansas, the presence of Fort Hindman outflanked the Federal forward positions. Read More

01 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Port Gibson at Claiborne County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Port Gibson
The Battle of Port Gibson

On April 30, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army crossed the Mississippi River at Bruinsburg, 30 miles south of his objective of Vicksburg. Grant hoped to move east toward the capital at Jackson to block the Confederate army there under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston from reinforcing Vicksburg. Port Gibson, ten miles east of Bruinsburg on the Bayou Pierre River, commanded the best approach routes and was the first Federal objective. A Confederate force there was commanded by Maj. Gen. John S. Bowen. Grant's A… Read More

12 May 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Samuel DeGolyer.

12 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Raymond at Hinds County, Mississippi.

The Battle of Raymond
The Battle of Raymond

On May 12th, 1863, after days of hard marching towards Jackson, Mississippi, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant fought to secure the crossings of Fourteenmile Creek southwest of Raymond, which would provide a vital water source for his men and animals and serve as a staging area for a strike on the Confederate rail supply line between Clinton and Edwards, Mississippi.  Cutting the railroad here would cut off supplies to Grant's ultimate goal, the Mississippi River city of Vicksburg 30 miles to the west. At ar… Read More

16 May 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Charles H. Lamphere.

16 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Champion Hill at Hinds Co, MS.

The Battle of Champion Hill
The Battle of Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill was the largest and bloodiest action of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign. Read More

17 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Big Black River Bridge at Hinds Co, Mississippi.

The Battle of Big Black River Bridge
The Battle of Big Black River Bridge

Reeling from their defeat at Champion Hill and heading west toward Vicksburg, the Confederates reached Big Black River Bridge, the night of May 16-17th. Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton ordered Brig. Gen. John S. Bowen, with three brigades, to man the fortifications on the east bank of the river and impede any Union pursuit. Three divisions of Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand’s Thirteenth Corps moved out from Edwards Station on the morning of the 17th. They encountered the Confederates behind breastworks and took co… Read More

18 May 1863

Participated in the Battle of Vicksburg at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

The Battle of Vicksburg
The Battle of Vicksburg

In mid-May, 1863, after six months of unsuccessful attempts, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee finally converged on Vicksburg, defended by a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton. Capture of the Mississippi River town was critical to Union control of the strategic river. Vicksburg was located on a high river bluff defended with artillery, and Pemberton's men had constructed a series of fortifications in an 8-mile arc surrounding the city on the landward side. After crossing the… Read More

01 Jul 1863

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Jabez J. Daniels.

01 Jul 1863

Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg

In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

19 Sep 1863

Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga at Catoosa County, Georgia; Walker County, Georgia.

The Battle of Chickamauga
The Battle of Chickamauga

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army out of Chattanooga.  Through a series of skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg out of Chattanooga and into Georgia.  Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg followed the Federals north, brushing with Rosecrans’ army at Davis’ Cross Roads.  While they marched on September 18th, his cavalry and infantry ski… Read More

13 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of Resaca at Gordon County, Georgia; Whitfield County, Georgia.

The Battle of Resaca
The Battle of Resaca

Following his withdrawal from Rocky Face Ridge, the first battle in Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston established a four-mile defensive position protecting the Western & Atlantic Railroad west and north of Resaca, where the railroad crossed the Oostanaula River.  On May 13th, Sherman tested the Rebel lines, sending forward divisions to skirmish with the Confederates, with little substantive result. On the 14th, the fighting erupted into a… Read More

25 May 1864

Participated in the Battle of New Hope Church at Paulding County, Georgia.

The Battle of New Hope Church
The Battle of New Hope Church

During early May 1864, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman successfully outmaneuvered the army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in multiple battles in northwest Georgia. Each time, Johnston fell back to a new defensive position closer to the strategic Confederate city of Atlanta. After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass on May 19-20th following the battle at Adairsville, Sherman determined to move around Johnston’s left flank rather than attack the strong Confederate defenses in his front. On May 23rd, Sherman set in… Read More

06 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Marietta at Cobb County, Georgia.

27 Jun 1864

Participated in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain at Cobb County, Georgia.

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

Fearing envelopment northwest of Atlanta, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta.  Johnston selected this position in order to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, his supply link to Atlanta. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19th, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress.  Having defeated Lieut.… Read More

20 Jul 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Luther R. Smith.

20 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Peachtree Creek at Fulton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Peachtree Creek
The Battle of Peachtree Creek

Weary of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's pattern of retreat through northwest Georgia in the face of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advancing armies, President Jefferson Davis removed him from command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing him with Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood.  On July 20th, Hood determined to take the fight to the enemy by setting upon an isolated portion of Sherman's forces in front of Atlanta. Hood's target would be the Union corps of Maj. Gens. Oliver O. Howard and Joseph Hooker from Maj. Gen… Read More

22 Jul 1864

Participated in the Battle of Atlanta at Fulton County, Georgia; DeKalb County, Georgia.

The Battle of Atlanta
The Battle of Atlanta

Despite the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood still had hopes of driving Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank east of the city, held by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee. Joining the attack with Hardee would be the corps of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Cheatham. Hood attac… Read More

31 Aug 1864

Participated in the Battle of Jonesborough at Clayton County, Georgia.

The Battle of Jonesborough
The Battle of Jonesborough

By late August 1865, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. A few supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids inflicted only superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could destroy the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads to the south the Rebel army would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25, Union infantry beg… Read More

22 Nov 1864

Participated in the Battle of Griswoldville at Griswoldville, Georgia.

The Battle of Griswoldville
The Battle of Griswoldville

Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman departed from Atlanta, Georgia November 15, 1864, on a march towards the Atlantic coast at Savannah. The right wing of Sherman's 60-mile wide column was the Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard. On November 21st, a screening column of Union cavalry captured a train full of military supplies near the industrial community of Griswoldville and, in accordance with Sherman's desire to "make Georgia howl," burned some factories there as well. The next day, a… Read More

15 Dec 1864

Assigned to the Regiment led by Captain Peter De Vries.

15 Dec 1864

Participated in the Battle of Nashville at Nashville, Tennessee.

The Battle of Nashville
The Battle of Nashville

Despite a series of defeats in the closing days of November, 1864, Confederate Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood continued to drag his bloodied Army of Tennessee, approximately 30,000 strong, north towards Nashville. The city was protected by 55,000 Union soldiers, which should have precluded further offensive operations, but Hood was determined and his situation was dire. Hood reached Nashville on December 2nd and staked out a position south of the city, hoping to draw the Union forces into a costly attack. Ulys… Read More

07 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Wyse Fork at Kinston, North Carolina.

The Battle of Wyse Fork
The Battle of Wyse Fork

By the end of February 1865, the North Carolina port city of Wilmington, defended by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg, had fallen to the army of Union Maj. Gen. John Schofield. The port city became a supply base for Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's army in North Carolina, then beginning to close in on Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army. To consolidate forces against Johnston, Sherman ordered Schofield's Army of the Ohio to advance inland from Wilmington, at the same time assigning Maj. Gen. Jacob Cox to move the U… Read More

19 Mar 1865

Participated in the Battle of Bentonville at Bentonville, NC.

The Battle of Bentonville
The Battle of Bentonville

After his march to the sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman headed north in early 1865 to unite with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army in Virginia. Only Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston’s army stood between Sherman and Grant. After briefly blocking Sherman’s advance at Averasboro, North Carolina on March 16, Johnston struck Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum's wing of Sherman’s army near Bentonville on March 19. The Confederates ran into stiff resistance, as Slocum established a defensive position. Johnston's assaults con… Read More

03 Aug 1865

Michigan 1st Light Artillery mustered out.