Anne Frank is probably the best-known victim of the Holocaust. As a young child, her family fled Germany for the Netherlands to escape the escalating anti-Semitic policies. For a time, the family lived happily, but in May 1940, the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and began rounding up Jews for deportation. Fearing deportation, the family went into hiding with four others in a secret annex behind Otto Frank's company. For two years they stayed hidden. During this time, Anne penned her now famous diary. She gave an account of the troubles they faced, but also of her hopes, dreams, and insights. On August 4, 1944, the group was betrayed and the SS came for all eight people. First they were sent to Auschwitz, and then Anne and her sister were sent to Bergen-Belsen where they died of typhus only weeks before liberation. Only Anne's father Otto survived, and he published her diary for the world. Anne's incredible fame never erases the sadness of her story and the tragedy of her death.
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