Westerbork ('Durchgangslager Westerbork' in German) was not an official concentration camp, but a transit camp. Its function was to assemble Roma and Dutch Jews for transport to other camps. The only official concentration camp in the Netherlands was located in Vught near the city of 's-Hertogenbosch ('Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch' in German). Actually this camp was the only official concentration camp in western Europe outside of Germany.
Westerbork Concentration Camp
When the Nazi government began prosecuting Jews in Germany, many fled to the Netherlands for safety. To control this tide of refugees, the Dutch government created the Westerbork camp to house these people. When the Nazis invaded the Netherlands, they took control over Westerbork and turned it into a transit camp for sending Dutch Jews east to the killing centers. Anne Frank and her family were kept in the camp before being transferred to Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen. Other famous prisoners included Etty Hillesum and actress Dora Gerson. Very few who boarded a transport train from Westerbork survived their next destination as they were gassed or shot on arrival.
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