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The Battle of Saratoga
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Victory at Saratoga
On October 17, 1777, after being totally surrounded by the men from New England States. General Burgoyne surrenders to General Gate along with 6000 British soldier and huge quality of guns and ammunitions. The victory at Saratoga couldn't have came at better time, as General Washington's Army was defeated on September 11 at Brandywine, near Philadelphia. The British then proceeded to capture Philadelphia on October 1. The victory at Saratoga was the victory that American needed to convince the French to join the American.
- Saratoga Springs, New York
- 17 October, 1777
Battle of Breymann Redoubt
The defenses on the right side of the British camp were anchored by two redoubts.
The outermost one was defended by about 300 men under the command of the Hessian Heinrich von Breymann, while the other was under the command of Lord Balcarres. Benedict Arnold led the American in an attack on the Balcarres redoubt. Balcarres had set up his defenses well, and the redoubt was held. Seeing that the advance was checked, and that Morgan was preparing to attack the Breymann redoubt, Arnold moved his men toward that action, recklessly riding between the lines and remarkably emerging unhurt. He led the charge through the gap between the redoubts, which exposed the rear of Breymann's position. In furious battle, the redoubt was taken and Breymann was killed.Arnold's horse was hit in one of the final volleys, and Arnold's leg was broken by both shot and the falling horse.
Today, the spot is marked with unnamed Boot Monument, as the Saratoga Historial Park decided that only Benedict Arnold's wounded leg should get the honor. The rest of his body gets no honor because he betrayed America and his spot on the Saratoga Monument should be left empty (see photo)
- Saratoga, New York
- 7 October 1777
Battle of Saratoga
In hopes of crushing the American rebellion, the British concocted a plan to invade New York from their base in Canada in 1777. Essentially, two armies would follow waterways into the New York, unite and capture Albany. Once Albany was in their possession, these British forces would open communications to the City of New York, the British could establish their control of the entire Hudson River. Control of the Hudson river could sever New England from the rest of the colonies.
Under the the plan, General John Burgoyne would commanded the main thrust through the Lake Champlain valley wiht 8000 men. Although the invasion had some initial success with the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, bad new came from the west that the second British column was stalled by American Army led by Benedict Arnold. Then even worser news came when Burgoyne learned the main British army would not come out of city of New York to aid him. Although his plans were unraveling, Burgoyne refused to change his plans and continue to march south to Albany.
The Americans, under General Horatio Gates, established itself at a defensive position along the Hudson River called Bemis Heights, 50 miles north of Albany. With fortifications on the flood plain and cannon on the heights, the position dominated all movement through the river valley. Burgoyne’s army was entirely dependent upon the river to haul their supplies, and the American defenses were an unavoidable and dangerous obstacle.
Learning of the Rebels’ position, Burgoyne attempted to move part of his army inland to avoid the danger posed by the American fortifications. On September 19th 1777, his columns collided with part of General Gates’ army near the abandoned farm of John Freeman. While the battle was inconclusive, in the end Gates’ army still blocked his move south to Albany.
General Burgoyne elected to hold what ground he had and fortify his encampment, hoping for assistance from the City of New York. On October 7th, with supplies running dangerously low and options running out, Burgoyne attempted another flanking move. The expedition was noticed by the American who fell upon Burgoyne’s column, the British were routed and driven back to their redoubts. At dusk, one redoubt (see the store Battle of Breymann Redoubt) was overran by Americans led by Arnold Benedict. Burgoyne had to withdraw to his inner works near the river and the following day tried to withdraw northward toward safety. Hampered by bad roads made worse by frigid downpours, the British retreat made only eight miles in two days to a small hamlet called Saratoga; Gates’ army followed and surrounded Burgoyne and his army. With no other option Burgoyne capitulated on 17 October 1777 along with 6000 British soldiers (see store of Victory at Saratoga).
- Saratoga spring, New york
- 17 September 1777
Saratoga Monument - missing statue
The Saratoga Monument in Victory, New York, was the site where the British General Burygone surrendered to American General Gates. I noticed on the monument, there were four portals for the heros of the Battle of Saratoga, the statue of Gates, Morgan and Schuyler were on three of the portal, but the forth portal was empty. So I ask the guide, "They can't find a fourth hero to put his statue up there?". The guide answered "Yes, there is a fourth hero", but his name is Benedict Arnold and we are leaving his spot empty to let him know that "We would have put your statue up there if you have not betrayed America". (See the image of Saratoga Monument.)
- Victory Mill, New York