Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835

Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835


This publication, NARA M208, includes the records of the agent of Indian Affairs in Tennessee whose duties included preserving or restoring peace, and inducing Indians to cede their lands and move to areas less threatened by white encroachment. The agency distributed money and goods and carried out other provisions of treaties with the Indians. As the Indians were increasingly confined on reservations, the agents became more concerned with educating and "civilizing" them. These records include correspondence, agency letter books, fiscal records, records of the Agent for the Department of War in Tennessee, records of the Agent for Cherokee Removal, and miscellaneous records.


    The Bureau of Indian Affairs, usually known as the Office of Indian Affairs, was established as a separate agency within the War Department in 1824. Congress established the position of Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1832. The Office of Indian Affairs was transferred in 1849 to the newly created Department of the Interior, where it has remained. In 1947 the Office of Indian Affairs was renamed the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

    This description, records of field jurisdictions commented on below, and a list of contents for each of the 14 rolls of microfilm from which these images were scanned, are included in the descriptive pamphlet for M208, published by NARA. It can be viewed or downloaded here.

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    March 26, 2009
    October 26, 2013
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