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Troopers who served in WWII as the Last Buffalo Soldiers


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The History of the 10th Cavalry Regiment & the 10th Cavalry Regiment

The History of the 10th Cavalry Regiment. The 10th Cavalry was formed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1866. Very high standards of recruitment were set by the regiment's commander. By the end of July 1867 eight companies of enlisted men had been recruited. This was the beginning of the 10th Cavalry Regiment later to be named "Buffalo Soldiers", motto: "Ready and Forward". The History of the 9th Cavalry Regiment. The 9th Cavalry was formed in New Orleans, Louisiana in August 3, 1866 by orders of Gen Phillip Sheridan, was authorized to raise one regiment of "colored" cavalry. The new recruits came from Louisville, Kentucky. They were ex-Civil War veterans. Enlistment was for 5 years, with recruits receiving 13 dollars a month, plus room, board, and clothing. They later on were named "Buffalo Soldiers", motto: "We Can, We Will"

Trooper Royal Carter

Served in the Ninth Cavalry Regiment from 1941 to 1944 Rank of CWO in HQ & HQ

 Trooper Royal Carter enlisted in the Ninth Cavalry, U.S. Army, March 7th, 1941, and was assigned to the G-3 Section of Regimental Headquarters, in Fort Riley, Kansas. My duties were as a topographical drafts-man, producing maps for training operations. During the course of this assignment, I was promoted to the ranks of Corporal and Sergeant, with additional duties as a Regimental Color Guard.


Trooper Harold S. Cole

Trooper Harold S. Cole was born in North Pelham, New York in 1924. He attended and graduated from New Rochelle High School in 1942.

War was declared on December 7, 1941. He joined the service as soon as he could in 1942. He was assigned to Troop F of the 9th Cavalry. They were segregated at this time, black enlisted men and white officers. In 1944, the army disbanded the 2nd Cavalry Division, which included the 9th & 10th Cavalry Regiments in North Africa.

When the war was over, he joined the United State Air Force, which was integrated. He was crew chief on many types of aircraft, and enjoy travel to many countries. He retired in 1969.


Trooper Curtis L. James

Trooper Curtis L. James born in Texarkana Texas, graduated from Macedonia High School May 1940.

At 18 yr of age joined the regular army for three years in Texarkana Texas, sent to Little Rock Arkansas for final physical exam then sent to Ft Riley Kansas. He was assigned to F Troop 9th Horse Cavalry Regiment, six weeks basic training. Then off to Cook & Baking school; Clerical school; Horse Shoeing, and Transportation schools.

After all his training, he was assigned to Gen B.O.Davis SR., the first black General in the US Army, as his Orderly. The sun shine bright on a good Trooper who does his duty well. He had the honor to serve as Personal Orderly to his son B.O. Davis JR., who was a Captain at that time, and helped him pack his belongings for his trip to take command of the 99 Pursuit Squadron in Tuskegee. This unit later on became the famous Tuskegee Airmen with red tail color on their fighter planes.


Trooper Fred D. Jones

Trooper Fred D. Jones

Served in the 28th Cavalry Regiment from 1942 to 1944 Rank of Cpl C Troop




 Served in the Tenth Cavalry Regiment from 1941 to 1944 Rank of Staff/Sgt.

TROOPER James H. Critchfield

The Ninth and Tenth Cavalry Regiments were commanded by white officers, some were good and some did not make the grade.

Trooper Critchfield was rated by his men, as a very good officer. This is his story, and experiences with the 10th Cavalry Regiment.

Served in the Tenth Cavalry Regiment from 1940 to 1944 Rank of 1st Lt.

Contributor: bgill
Created: May 5, 2007 · Modified: May 5, 2007

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