On September 4, 1948, the “Haider Kirchweihfest” was celebrated for the first time in the Haid camp. Out of the endeavor to save old cultural assets, a group of young boys and girls got together and, under the direction of Hans Wolfram Hockl, organized the first parish fair, which began with a festival mass. The „Kirchweih“ bouquet made of **rosemary **(synonym: Rosmarinus officinalis) as a symbol of the earth and life combined with the folk dance under the „Kirchweih“-tree and folk songs that delighted young and old became a popular highlight in the camp.
Camp HAID near LINZ in Upper Austria
The parish celebrations in the Haid camp
- Camp Haid
Köttsdorf - the sad story of the HIRTH's
Köttsdorf is located in the Linz-Land district in the federal state of Upper Austria and is a district of Pucking, the neighboring municipality of Ansfelden and in the vicinity of the Ansfeldner place Haid.
The address Köttsdorf 3 was probably a farm in Köttsdorf (former judicial district Neuhofen an der Krems).
Köttsdorf gained a certain importance at the end of the 1930s and the beginning of the 1940s, when the route of the later "A 1" (western motorway) was planned, staked out and partly laid out here and the engineers and workers found lodging and food at farmers' homes in Köttsdorf .
Today the large "Haid motorway junction" dominates the landscape in this area, and Köttsdorf is actually only a stone's throw away from the former area of the camp in Haid, which was commissioned as a motorway-camp in 1941.
But Köttsdorf has remained a dreamy hamlet, even if the new, busy Haid has eaten its way further towards Köttsdorf, especially with a huge shopping mall.
Ultimately, however, Köttsdorf will continue to be spared from the busy business of the “new Haid” and, like the neighboring villages of Hasenufer and Schnadt, will remain in a deep slumber.
These small settlements are too unattractive for modern industrial and real estate speculators.
Köttsdorf is pure Upper Austrian farming country, and will probably remain so for a long time. Point.
It was not unusual for refugees to often stay in farmhouses in the country after the war. This is also the case with Mrs. Susana Hirth: with her son and brother Paul Quitter, she was evicted from Köttsdorf number 3 on April 2, 1953 and after this eviction stayed with the Katharina Maier family in the DP settlement 121 Ansfelden-Haid.
Ansfelden and Haid in 2008
The community of Ansfelden still covers an area of 31.33 square kilometers. The municipality is located at an altitude of 289 meters in the political district of Linz-Land in the federal state of Upper Austria and comprises 5 cadastral communities: Ansfelden, Fleckendorf, Kremsdorf, Nettingsdorf and Rapperswinkel. the village of Haid is not a separate cadastral municipality, although it is where the largest concentration of people takes place in the smallest of spaces in the entire municipality.
For this, Haid appears again in the villages or districts of the municipality on the southern outskirts of Linz on the Danube. The 14 districts are called: Ansfelden, Audorf, Berg, Fleckendorf, Freindorf, Fürhappen, Grabwinkel, Haid, Kremsdorf, Moos, Nettingsdorf, Rapperswinkel, Vordermayrberg and Weißenberg.
The municipality of Ansfelden is part of the Upper Austrian central area, connects to the cities of Traun and Linz in the north, to Pucking in the west, to Neuhofen and St. Marien in the south and to Sankt Florian in the east.
As of April 2, 2008 the community had 16,186 inhabitants.
Haid can even refer to its own postcode: While the municipality east of the Krems river has the postcode 4052, Haid (for example, the area west of the Krems river) has its own postcode, 4053.
The community is intersected in an east-west direction by today's Autobahn 1 ("Westautobahn"). This motorway was already planned under Hitler and the first work to create the route took place during the Second World War.
There are motorway entrances and exits in the village of Ansfelden as well as in the village of Haid, whereby it should be emphasized that the one in Haid has been a temporary solution for many decades and the local mayor is unable to ban the infernal traffic from this Motorway feeder and to build an entrance and exit outside the densely populated town center of Haid.
The railway line of the so-called** “Selzthalbahn”, **which cuts through the municipality in a north-south direction and was already a little bit of importance during the Second World War, should also be emphasized.
The now insignificant train station in Haid-Rapperswinkel was primarily intended for the loading of prisoners/workers during wartime, who were then loaded into the large works of the then "Gau capital" Linz. During the time of the DP camp in Haid (post-war) the train station also played a role that should not be underestimated.
In 2008, the then mayor Walter Ernhard also lived in Ansfelden-Haid, who then took his own life because of the great burden of dealing with the war past of the camp in the Haid district. At that time Ernhard lived at Josef-Redleitner-Strasse 10. He felt he belonged to the Social Democrats of Austria, who are already voted out of office in large parts of the country and, thank God, hardly play a role politically in Austria - only in Ansfelden and a few other insignificant or important ones Municipalities of modern Austrian democracy still provide these "reds" with the mayor today.
The commune in question received certain modern institutions of the Austrian welfare state late, very very late. So it was only in the last few years that the poor were properly fed.
Although the famous composer Anton Bruckner was born in the Ansfelden district, the community has hardly produced any famous artists in the last few decades, and the same applies to the sports industry. After all, various cultural institutions enrich cultural life as a carnival guild themselves.
In terms of energy technology, the connections from the thinking of an all-encompassing Linz that existed during the Second World War still take hold. Even today, parts of the Ansfelden area still have telephone codes for Linz, and even in 2008 a large part of the water for households in Haid and generally in the community of Ansfelden was obtained from the Linz company „SBL“. The same applies to natural gas.
There is also a district old people's home on the site of the former camp in Haid; the Ansfelden district of Haid is home to two taxi companies and some bus routes.
There is one elementary school and more than one secondary school in Haid. Haid even has its own police station (figures on the actual crime rate are, however, strictly under lock and key).
_(_Sources: "Informationsbroschüre Stadtgemeinde Ansfelden 2008" & Insiderinfos from Citizens and Politicans in the city of Ansfelden)
14 Allied PW's transported to the hospital in camp Haid
- Camp Haid near Linz
Red Cross wrote this letter on the occasion of the transport of 14 Allied POW's in the Camp's Hospital in Haid:
B.52.USA (2)1-Res.Laz.Haid-RT/Ah Timbre de réception: 28. Jänner 1945
Le Departement Politique federal, Division des Interets etrangers, a l'honnneur de faire tenir sous ce pli a la Division speciale de la Legation de Suisse a Berlin six exemplares du rapport No. 671 relatif au Reserve Lazarett (KGF) HAID b/Traun, ou sont hospitalises quatorze prisonniers de guerre americains.
Berne, le 25 janvier 1945.
Annexe: Un rapport (6)
The corresponding report is in my possession. If you are interested in the names and ranks of these prisoners of war, please let me know.
My adress: [email protected]
Camp Haid - Facts
- Camp Haid
On May 6, 1949, the municipal camp administration in Linz wrote about the situation immediately after the end of the Second World War, with the number Zl. 717 / I / 49, about the Haid camp:
The Haid camp, which was established by the Linz authorities in the Ansfelden community at the time, was taken over by the amerik. Military government confiscated and used to house SS prisoners of war.
In this camp, not only the necessary furnishings, but also facilities for the further expansion of the camp were stored** and these were removed** by the competent local command when the prisoner of war camp was closed.
**Some of the barracks inside and all outside the fencing were demolished by the American military government **and allegedly some of them were set up in the Wegscheid camp, and some objects were damaged by improper use in such a way that repairs required enormous sums of money. The demolition was carried out with the motivation that these barracks are in the way and that if prisoners of war break out, the guard must have a clear field of fire.
In the case of the Haid camp, even the officials of the Linz camp administration were not allowed to enter the camp, which made concrete determinations of the whereabouts of the material difficult, and sometimes even impossible.
It should also be noted that due to the occupation or demolition of the city camps at that time, they could not be used by the city and considerable damage was caused by the fact that the city had to use foreign camps to accommodate the reconstruction workers, for the enormous sums of land rent and rent have to be paid.
Linz, May 6, 1949.
Detected and transcribed by the local historian T. G. Lackner/Upper Austria
Ansfelden war memorial - community rows back
- Ansfelden cemetery
There are new developments in the cause of the controversial war memorial in the Ansfelden community cemetery: Apparently after immense pressure from the local population on the management of the community near Linz, small plaques were subsequently attached to the monolith that explicitly depict the 227 dead in the community remembering those who died during the Second World War. So the wish of the population was finally met after a short time ago the old war memorial was torn down for no apparent reason and an artist designed a monolith that replaced the old memorial hastily, but initially in none of the fundamental cause of a war memorial Way corresponded.
The extent to which the performing artist is politically closely linked to the Social Democrats ruling in Ansfelden/Haid is still not clear and will not be cleared up for the time being.
There have been heated discussions about this as well, as it is generally known that in Austria's social-democratically ruled communities, only social-democratic party colleagues are generally used to carry out public contracts.
Nepotism economy in Ansfelden reaches a new high point with the new war memorial
On All Saints' Day - one of the highest public holidays in Austria -** a cemetery survey** was carried out on November 1st to examine the acceptance of the brand new memorial for the fallen and those who perished in the Haid camp.
The result was striking.
**Exactly 50 people were questioned **who were in the graveyard on November 1st (the Haid camp belonged to the Ansfelden community).
The results in detail:
25 respondents or 50% consider the new memorial in honor of the fallen and those who perished in the Haid camp to be inappropriate, poorly implemented or even completely rejectionable, i.e. not expedient.
13 respondents or a rounded 27% thought the new war memorial was a ruse by the consistently unpopular Mayor of Ansfelden, with which he only now wants to hide other and larger problems of the community.
12 respondents did not have a clear opinion. Of these, 50% said that they were not interested in politics and the monument, and the remaining 50% said that for “political reasons” they would rather not say anything against the new monument.
When explicitly asked, 5 of the 6 remaining people (the latter 50% of those without an expressed opinion) were farmers from Ansfelden.
The result of the survey shows very nicely the majority in the Ansfelden/Haid population in connection with the completely unsuccessful monument to the fallen.
It is all the more regrettable that the ugly new monument to the fallen has now been erected in Ansfelden instead of the beautiful, expressive old monument.
Striking: The new memorial does not even have the nationalities of the fallen and those who perished in the Haid camp during the Hitler era. This is sad in so far as many politically dead people in the Haid camp came from half of Europe.
So local politics has once again set an example - a sign of forgetting. That is not correct and at any rate it is condemnable.
- Haid & Ansfelden
Population development in the community of Ansfelden taking into account the camp at that time (part 1)
After the invasion of Austria by Hitler's troops, the municipality of Ansfelden had 3,646 inhabitants in 1939. In contrast to this, the population in the municipality had developed explosively as a result of the camp in the Ansfelden district of** Haid: in 1951 a high of 8,879 inhabitants** was reached. As a result, however, the population of the municipality decreased slightly due to emigration,** so in 1961 there were exactly 7,941 citizens who lived here.**
**The Haid camp was not completely dismantled **or closed until 1964.
It was not until the 1970s that the population rushed again, through settlement in the** “Linzer Speckgürtel”, **which is coveted as a place of residence, but not least through the acceptance of foreigners in the - now modernized - residential buildings on the former Haider camp site. The numbers (for the entire municipality) are:
1971: 11,074 citizens
1991: 14,636 citizens
2011: 15,673 citizens
Ansfelden-Haid: Memorial to the Second World War is being torn down
In the Ansfelden-Haid community cemetery there are almost a hundred individual graves of soldiers, which (so far) have been crowned by a memorial in the middle. The proud stone stele was always in good condition and so the state of construction did not give the slightest cause for complaint.
As the local government now announced, completely surprising, "the memorial is now noticeably showing its age" and must be torn down.
Instead of the traditional stone that has been used so far, the** city government of Ansfelden-Haid would like to change another memorial **that already exists elsewhere and replace the previous immaculate Ansfeldner memorial.
Why the mayor's office in Ansfelden, under whose administration the cemetery is definitely, made this lonely decision remains in the dark.
What is certain is that the population was completely satisfied with the previous memorial and the current decision is not supported by the population either.
How much the new, at best only semi-professional solution with a modified monument, from God knows where,** costs, is also kept secret.**
The mandolin group in the Haid DP camp / musician Mr. Seidl
- Haid DP Camp/Linz commercial club house
In 1951 a mandolin group was founded in the Haid camp. Its director was **Herr Seidl, who came from Pressburg **(Pressburg/Bratislava was the capital of the (first) Slovak Republic from 1939 to 1945. Ethnic Germans also had to flee from there after the war), and had been music director there himself. It started with a small group, but soon two groups developed due to other camp residents joining. One group was that of the larger, the other group was that of the smaller (in terms of age). There were around 15 music students in each of the two groups. Once a week they rehearsed near the Haid barracks church. Later the groups were expanded to include guitars and lutes as well as mandola.
A high point in the work of the two groups came in 1952. At that time the Haider mandolin group performed together with the Linz mandolin club in the commercial club house in Linz.
This concert was of course a great experience for the boys and girls of the two groups from Haid.
As a result of the emigration movements in the 1950s, this community broke up, like so many other things in the camp, because not only the leader of the two groups, Mr. Seidl, but also many mandolin players, went to Germany, the USA, Australia or anywhere else in the world.
If anyone knows names of more members of the mandolin group of Camp 121, please report them at the following address:
The Austrian Federal Gendarmerie and the Haid Camp - Part I
- Haid foreign labors Camp
As leaked from the **Ansfelden parish archive **- this archive has been blocked for my research on the camp in Haid, because of the explosive historical files that are partly stored there - construction of the Haid camp began as early as 1940 (sic!). At first glance, this contradicts the information provided by other sources about the start of construction of the camp in 1941. Although the church in the Ansfelden community, to which Haid belongs, was expropriated at that time and hardly had any activity, but my minor opinion can be accepted after trusting in a certain way the writing down of the church workers at the time.
In any case, in the explosive transcript that has now been smuggled to me through my global contacts from the Ansfeldn parish archive, which is firmly locked in itself, there is further interesting information:
As early as 1942, the gendarmerie corps (which no longer existed in it’s old shape)** set up a post in the newly established Haid foreigners' camp **in order to maintain “discipline and order” in the camp.
You have to know that the former** Austrian gendarmerie de facto ceased to exist in 1938 and was largely integrated into the German regulatory police.** (Another large part had retired when they came to power, some of the gendarmes were interned). So all in all a very dark chapter that is still waiting to be dealt with. In my very first post on this website I have already adequately stated that this is not wanted by the Austrian Federal Gendarmerie.
The fact that the members of the post in the Haider camp were gentle with the camp inmates in those days can largely be ruled out because of the history of the German police at the time. The German Ordnungspolizei was after all a guard that was widely known (and feared) for its severity.
As a result, the Haider post of the German Reich Order Police was stormed by the Displaced Persons at the end of the war, after the weapons had been taken from the Order Police by the American occupying forces.** The anger of the homeless at that time erupted with full severity, and the police officers had to be happy overall to have got away with bare survival.**
The Austrian gendarmerie was officially re-armed after the end of the war, and the German carbine was the standard weapon. The fact that the gendarmes had only ten rounds of ammunition available from the end of the World War was to take revenge in the later history of the Haid camp in various riots.
The Austrian gendarmerie was not involved in the Jewish riots in November 1946, which should ultimately lead to the evacuation of the camp in Haid, but in the later riots of the ethnic Germans who were then transferred to the camp.
But that's another story again….
Ansfelden's mayor continues to refuse to deal with the Second World War in his community
- Ca,p Haid in Upper Austria
At his personal appearances, the mayor of Ansfelden likes to devour a cake with relish, but does not satisfy historians with their varied questions.
Now Mayor Manfred Baumberger, who is also responsible for Haid and the former camp, was again made aware via the social media platform Linkedin that, as mayor, he was also responsible for coming to terms with the gruesome history of the camp in Haid from 1941 to 1941 1945 has.
So far, however, Mayor M. Baumberger has preferred not to answer ...
Caholic young girls from Haid and the Altpernstein Castle in Upper Austria
- Altpernstein Castle
After the Second World War, the (Catholic) Diocese of Linz leased** Altpernstein Castle in Upper Austria** for ninety-nine years in order to use it for the Catholic youth. Some committed castle fathers (and mothers), such as priest Johann Gebetsberger and the Strasser family, were involved in the maintenance of the castle and the operation of the castle parlor.
Catholic girls from the Haid camp were also guests in the castle more than once. As one of my interview partners remarked in 1999, "It was once a good opportunity to escape the dreary day-to-day camp in Haid and get full every day."
There is nothing left to add.
Do you recognize yourself, a colleague from the Catholic girls group or an acquaintance from the Haid camp in the photo? Just write to me! I am grateful for any feedback.
Contact address: [email protected]
Ansfelden's mayor confronted with the truth
- Village of Haid
Open E-Mail in August 2020:
To: "[email protected]"
Ansfelden a place in the Nazi tension field
Sg. Ladies and gentlemen!
It has been 75 years since the bulk of the foreign workers were transported from the Haid / Upper Austria camp to their home.
The summer of 1945 was not an easy one for the Ansfelden population, who had to experience looting and violence in the first half of this season by the internally released internmentals of the Haid camp.
I take this "anniversary" as an occasion to remind you that due to the existence of the Nazi camp in Haid (1941-1945) there was a historical responsibility in the municipality of Ansfelden to deal with these events. not least towards your own population and contemporary history, as well as the world public.
I offer the city council of Ansfelden and especially the governing mayor Manfred Baumberger my unlimited cooperation in this regard.
I therefore ask the municipality of Ansfelden for cooperation.
With regard to the upcoming erection of a worthy memorial for the Haid camp in the Ansfelden municipality, I take the liberty of addressing the mayor personally on 7 August 2020 on the occasion of his public appearance in a district of Ansfelden.
Thomas G. Lackner
Ethnic Germans and the German SS - using the example of the Haid camp
When the first ethnic Germans moved into the Haid camp in December 1946, these were (very) old men, widows, housewives without their husbands, single women, young adolescents and children. At that point, the men of military age had fallen, had been taken prisoner of war and / or had been abducted.
Even at second glance, the situation of the folk German men in those years is difficult to understand.
The Germans of the Banat and Batschka areas as well as Transylvania were considered in the eyes of Berlin, not least because of the corresponding zealous representatives of the ethnic groups who struggled to distinguish themselves from the National Socialists, classified them as "model Germans", and history accordingly punished them accordingly.
The recruitment of German nationals from abroad, especially to the Waffen SS, can hardly be summed up in just a few lines.
When using the German Waffen-SS, you have to make a clear distinction between some well-equipped "flagship formations" of the Waffen-SS with sonorous names such as "Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler" or the "Totenkopf-Division" and the associations that were recruited from indigenous ethnic Germans. In terms of numbers, the numerous Waffen SS divisions from Volksdeutsche and in some cases even foreigners pressed to service were important, especially in the second half of the Second World War. They were often only equipped with loot weapons, poorly trained and did not have the full team strength.
For comparison: A total of 910,000 men served in the Waffen SS, including 400,000 so-called Reich Germans (= the fully equipped) and 200,000 foreigners.
In the German regions of Romania, there were first 63,000 Romanian-German SS members who fought with Hitler. The fact that the Romanian Germans mainly joined the Waffen SS and not the Wehrmacht was due to imperial German powers and not the decision of the recruits themselves. In the summer of 1943, however, another 50,000 men, largely voluntarily, joined the Waffen SS during mass recruitment in Romania.
In September 1944, for example, the 5th SS division “Wiking” allegedly included “several hundred Transylvanian and Banat Swabians”.
The number of fallen ethnic Germans to be brought in connection with their relatives in the Haid camp is quite manageable, but each of the dead is one too many.
A corresponding monument was located in the center of the camp in Haid for a long time, until a socialist mayor came up with the idea to banish it from there.
This process is understandable for newborns only from the political point of view that in modern Austria any connection to those killed in the war is no longer opportune today and should be suppressed by the population as far as possible.
However, I have the names of the fallen who are to be connected with the ethnic German relatives from the Haid camp. So if you have any questions or need a name, just write me:
Haid: Open more shops for foreigners, the traditional companies disappear / finally found tenants for the "Haider shoe boxes".
- Haid, District of County Linz-Land, Möbel See, Haid Village
The historian T. G. Lackner is planning the** ceremony "80th anniversary of the construction of the Haid barrack camp"** next year (2021). Although the celebration will only take place on a small scale, an inventory has already been made of the ongoing changes in the Haid district of Ansfelden.
What was striking about this inventory was and is that the traditional trade in Haid is gradually declining and is in danger of disappearing altogether.
Instead of traditional local inns, kebab stalls and restaurants of similar origin are taking up more and more space, and the domestic trade in Haid has also come to a standstill. The latest indication of a collapsing autochthonous Austrian consumer culture may also be the demolition of the traditional** company "Furniture See"**, from whose once proud huge sales rooms only a pile of rubble can be seen.
At the same time, contrary to fears, tenants could now be found for the Haider housing project that was popularly given the nickname "Haider shoe boxes". However, this should not be due to the attractiveness of the residential complex, but rather to the pressing housing shortage that has spread in Haid due to the constant influx of new residents, especially from foreign countries.
Whether for this reason (shortage of housing) the occupation of the post of the official housing broker of the municipality of Ansfelden was just changed in our day? One does not know.
What is known is that the municipality of Ansfelden, which also manages the Haid district, does not explicitly want to take part in the commemoration hour on the occasion of the construction of the Haid barrack camp 80 years ago in 2021.
The place Ansfelden and Haid
- Haid & Ansfelden
Ansfelden has never had much to do with Haid, although the two are not far from each other.
The town of Ansfelden, which ultimately gave the name of the entire municipality on the outskirts of Linz in Upper Austria, in which Haid is located,** was still characterized by peasant farming even in the middle of the 20th century**. Basically, the village of Ansfelden consisted of only one church, a few inns, a few grocery stores and many farms.
One might think that the residents of the barrack camp in Haid were well off, since the farmers in the area had plenty of bacon and bread. Exactly the opposite was the case: in 1945 the peasants exchanged many items from the Haid camp for food during the "conversion period" in the then widespread looting, but the later residents of the camp in Haid only became, if at all against** hard work in the field and in the stable** provided with food.
However, these jobs were not very numerous and the farmers were free to choose from the many DPs that applied for them.
In return, the DPs tried to grow vegetables in their own warehouse, which often led to beautiful results.
However, the plantations in the camp themselves could not replace the asking to the farmers for milk and, extremely rarely, for a piece of bacon.
So the camp residents from Haid and the surrounding farmers remained basically foreign ...
The Haid camp in early summer 1945 (highly compressed version)
- Linz, Haid
In the late Spring of 1945, the American Colonel Semrad was in charge of the urban camps of the city of Linz - which included the Haid camp, although it was outside the city limits.
The Frenchman Wittner, who was in charge of the foreigners present in the Linz region from the new rulers in the country, could not prevent the decline of the Linz camp system, and least of all the looting.
The only partial success that the camp administrations recorded in 1945 in these early summer days was that at least the materials of the large supply camp for urban camps as a whole could be evacuated to the concentration camp excursion center on the Hörsching airbase and thus the severely suffering victims of National Socialism could be made available at Camp McCauley.
As for the Haid camp, there were still plenty of foreigners, including many sick people. The US occupying forces did not actively prevent the looting of the surrounding population and marauding foreigners from all parts of the area. These removals were all-encompassing: they extended from the company's own potato field to furnishings and sanitary materials. There was also no stop at boarded up and locked buildings.
Due to improper operation during this time, much of the fire-fighting equipment and the water supply facilities of the camp broke.
Everything that was not riveted and nail-proof was stolen, then exchanged with the surrounding farmers or sold on the established black markets.
Willful destruction was also booming.
If plunders could be looted by law enforcement officers - which was very rarely the case - the prisoners explained consistently that the (former) National Socialist Mayor Zabern from Ansfelden had quasi "released the camp for looting".
So that was a very small outline of my level of knowledge. If you have any questions, do not be afraid and contact us.
Here is the contact address you can use:
Camp Haid - Interim Report
- Haid/Upper Austria
On January 19, I wrote (once again) an application to the Mayor of Ansfelden to at least hold preliminary talks with him about a monument to be erected for the barrack camp in Haid / Ansfelden. To date, this my request has not been answered!
As dozens of times before, the responsible city administration Ansfelden / Haid practices in complete negation of mine and the desire of that of many former camp inmates and descendants.
Dear readers, I can promise you the following here and now: **I will never tire of asking the Ansfeld mayor to erect such a monument. **I'll keep drilling, keep insisting, keep making requests. It cannot and should not be that in a democracy like the Austrian mayor like the Ansfeld mayor simply deny the history of their community or don't care enough about it.
Of course, it will take a long time to soften the hard and narrow-minded government of a man like the mayor of Ansfelden/Haid. But I act according to the laws of nature, which do not mean in vain: "Constant drip hollows the stone".
Furthermore, I will submit my requests to the obviously narrow-minded mayor's office in Ansfelden, furthermore I will point out the screaming injustice that there is no contemporary monument in Ansfelden / Haid for the former residents of the Haid camp.
Of course it will be a tough fight. Countless encouraging letters from all over the world from former inmates and their descendants support me in my desire to finally get a worthy memorial for the Haid camp locally.
Let us hope together for better times in this matter too.
I wish you, dear readers, that in times of Corona you stay smart and recommend me from Austria
BEHR Johann - Authorization of the photographic craft
- Camp Haid
In the following I give the (limited to 5 years) approval of the **"camp photographer" **of the DP camp 121 (Haid), **Johann "Hans" Behr. **This document can also be used as evidence of the disadvantage of the ethnic German refugees in the host country Austria. The fact that Austria would have done “everything for the refugees”, as the government is still saying today, turns out to be a veritable fairy tale in view of such documents.
Behr was only granted temporary approval as a photographer in the 121 Haid camp near Ansfelden, after failing to extend his original license from 1948 on time. The original approval was only intended for one year and expired again at the end of 1949.
One also wanted to prevent the, Behr, who was originally a Southeast German photographer from competing with domestic (Austrian) photographers by means of the temporary new approval from 1952.
Subsequently, Behr was extremely successful and - not least because of the sheer population in the Haid camp - a photographer in high demand. The fact that many photos are said to have been paid for in kind is not so unreasonable if one takes Haider's poverty as a yardstick.
In general, however, the following was true: As soon as one of the camp residents had the necessary money on his side, he went to Behr and let Johann B. take a picture. Not to mention the many barrack and everyday photos that Behr took during his work in Haid and which are an important part of researching the everyday life in Haid.
Let us see the doument:
Office of the O.Ö. State government of Linz on August 12, 1952
Behr Johann in Ansfelden, Haid, settlement 121; Formal approval according to § 8 (2) G.O .; Extension of the approval notice.
Mr. Johann Behr, residing in Ansfelden, Haid, settlement 121, was granted the h. Notice (i.e. the notice from the state government, note T.L.) dated November 20, 1948, Ge-3409 / 3-1948, the formal approval according to § 8 (2) G.O. (G.O. = trade code, note T.L.) for the company
of the photographic craft
with the location Haid bei Ansfelden, settlement 121., with revocation at any time and limited until December 31, 1949.
By registered letter dated May 29, 1952, the applicant applied for an extension of the formal approval.
According to Section 58 AVG, this is done as follows
S e n t e n c e :
The formal approval granted to Mr. Johann Behr in accordance with § 8 (2) G.O. namely to the company
of the photographic craft
with the Haid bei Ansfelden location, settlement 121, is extended at any time and limited until December 31, 1957.
According to point 121 of the Federal Administrative Tax Ordinance 1950, Federal Law Gazette No. 195, an administrative fee of S 200.- must be paid for this.
The limitation and the possibility of revocation of this formal approval at any time was considered necessary to protect domestic traders.
Right to appeal:
An appeal can be lodged against this decision within 2 weeks from the date of delivery.
Haid in the late 60ies
- Haid in Upper Austria
As can be seen in an aerial photo from my collection on the history of Haid (Ansfelden municipality), the barracks of the camp at that time were already demolished in the late 1960s.
However, even in these years the town did not really grow into a later flower.
There are still large areas that are only covered with grass.
The Roman-Kahtolian church in Haid (triangular building with tower in the upper middle) was just built a few years ago, as was the school complex in the upper third of the aerial photo.
At the bottom left of this aerial photo you can even see the so-called "Schindler barrack". This large barrack was built by the Todt organization in 1941/42 and served as an administrative headquarters for the administrative staff of the Haid Nazi camp until 1945. Actually, the "Schindler barracks" were outside the actual camp fencing.
At the top of this aerial photo you can also see the former garages of the camp; they were used to accommodate transport vehicles and after the war housed a successful construction machine company for many years.
New letter for the mayor of Ansfelden/Haid
- Upper Austria
** So that the mayor of Ansfelden, who has his office on the former area of the camp in Haid, does not get bored, I wrote him the following letter on January 19, 2020:**
Dear Sir or Madam, Mayor of Ansfelden!
The past year 2019 was again the occasion for many events and commemorations in our country "above the Enns".
I, the contemporary history researcher T.G. Lackner, would like to take the opportunity of the turn of the year from 2019 to 2020 to (again) probe the current position of the municipality of Ansfelden regarding the erection of a monument for the former barrack camp in Haid. In my opinion, the readers of my website about Haid with many visitors per month also have a right to know how the city of Ansfelden really stands on such a memorial.
In the past decades of my research, I was able to register the very clear desire of the Ansfelden townspeople that a non-denominational monument should be an absolute concern for the former barrack residents in Haid.
Now that the generation of the former barrack residents is inexorably close to extinction, it should be an unconditional obligation for the descendants of the Austrian generation to commemorate their ancestors in Haid with dignity.
It would of course also be of interest to know whether the municipality of Ansfelden already has or has already considered this.
In the same matter, I have sent many letters over the years to the Mayor's Office in Ansfelden, which can also be proven to have arrived there, but will never be answered due to the dark considerations of your office.
Hoping to have given you some ideas again today and greetings in anticipation of an early exchange of ideas on this topic
T. G. Lackner
Contemporary historian / Upper Austria
Naürlich habe ich den Text in einem Duplikat auch auf Deutsch geschrieben, weil ich immer noch der Hoffnung bin, dass selbst offensichtlich unverbesserliche Bürokraten wie jene im Haider Rathaus noch ein (wenig) die deutsche Sprache beherrschen:
Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, werter Herr Bürgermeister von Ansfelden!
Das verstrichene Jahr 2019 war wieder Anlass für viele Veranstaltungen und Gedenken in unserem Land "oberhalb der Enns" .
Ich, der Zeitgeschichstforscher T.G.Lackner, möchte die Gelegenheit des Jahreswechsels von 2019 auf 2020 nun nutzen, um die aktuelle Position der Gemeinde Ansfelden bezüglich des Errichtung eines Denkmales für das damalige Barackenlager in Haid (erneut) zu sondieren. Auch die Leser meiner Webseite über Haid mit vielen Besuchern pro Monat haben meiner Meinung nach ein Recht darauf, wie die Stadt Ansfelden wirklich zu solch einem angedachten Denkmal steht.
Ich konnte in den letzten Jahrzehnten meiner Forschungstätigkeit den ganz klaren Wunsch der Ansfeldner Stadtbevölkerung registrieren, dass ein konfessionsloses Denkmal für die damaligen Barackenbewohner in Haid zu erichten ein unbedingtes Anliegen darstellt.
Jetzt, wo die Generation der ehemaligen Barackenbewohner unaufhaltsam dem Aussterben nahe kommt sollte es unbedingte Verpflichtung der Nachkommen der österreichischen Aufbau-Generation sein, ihren Vorfahren auch in Haid ein würdiges Denkmal zu setzen.
Es wäre natürlich auch von Interesse zu wissen, ob es in dieser Hinsicht schon Überlegungen der Stadtgemeinde Ansfelden gibt bzw. gab?
Im gleichen Belange habe ich ja im Laufe der Jahre viele Schreiben an die Bürgermeisterei in Ansfelden abgesandt, die nachweislich auch dort eingelangt sind, aber aus im Dunkeln liegenden Überlegungen Ihres Amtes nie beantwortet werden.
In der Hoffnung Ihnen auch heute wieder einige Denkanregungen geliefert zu haben, und in froher Erwartung eines baldigen Gedankenaustausches zu diesem Thema, grüßt
"Shoeboxes" for Haid
- Village of Haid
History of Haid seems to be repeated: "Haider shoe boxes" meet with widespread rejection
Ansfelden's mayor (Haid is part of the city of Ansfelden, which is why the mayor of the city of Ansfelden is responsible for Haid) has suffered many defeats. Especially bitter for the mayor M. Baumberger but surely the last wrong decision to the detriment of his community.
The "ELAG" (real estate collecting society of the Roman Catholic Church in Upper Austria), located in nearby Linz, built in Haid the only despicable by the Austrian population "shoeboxes" called special residential buildings.
These special "shoe boxes" are indeed hated by the population, although it should be especially "Christian" buildings.
Everything came as it had to come:
Although M. Baumberger probably knew that he was taking a risk in his community, the Ansfeldner / Haider mayor, as the highest building authority in town, gave the green light for the construction. Neither the Ansfeldner / Haider mayor himself and certainly not the Roman Catholic Church on the other side vetoed the establishment of such "shoeboxes" on one of the last green spots of the former camp area in Haid.
That takes revenge now.
The population does not take the strange buildings properly, parts of the building are after its opening, according to the audience empty - only a few really want to live in these contemptuously only "shoeboxes" mentioned buildings!
In Haid, for example, an inglorious page is now repeated in the thick history book.** 70 years ago, the wooden barracks, which attracted little attention on the part of the inhabitants**, are today the most modern concrete colossi, destroying the precious last few spots of nature in Haid and, moreover, apparently only standing half-occupied.
Pastor Paul WAGNER and the sport in the camp Haid
- Wooden Barracks Camp Haid
The camp pastor of Haid, Paul Wagner, promoted the camp population wherever he could, not only in pastoral work.
Also in terms of sports Wagner was not idle.
So he gathered in the fall of 1954 a young football group around him and founded an association that was affiliated to the Catholic Youth Linz. The sports field was in the midst of the large barrack camp Haid, with the then handball team "Juventus" between today's Dr. med. Adolf Schärfstraße and the Stifterstraße. Soon there were beautiful racy games to see. Everything was done to found an independent club.
On February 28, 1956 it was time and the club "K.J. Union Haid " (Cahtolic Youth Sports Club) was founded by the Upper Austrian Security Directorate. approved. Soon after, the club was admitted to the Upper Austrian Football Association. 1956/57 was first participated in the championship in the 3rd class.
Already in 1958, the team rose to the 2nd class and in 1963 in the 1st class. In 1964, the team was second best and only by the Union Ansfelden (which was in the next village) prevented re-emergence. In the course of the dissolution of the barrack camp, the sports field for the construction of residential buildings had to be cleared and was relocated elsewhere.
Even dressed in the cassock, the roman-kahtolic priests sometimes did want to take active sports activities, as evidenced by the attached picture of an internal shuttlecock game in Haid barracks camp ...
(This entry was compiled with the kind support of Haid Sports Club).
Mayor of Haid / Ansfelden does not answer an application for the erection of a monument in Haid
- The Camp Haid (birds eye)
** On July 30, 2019, I wrote a new letter to the mayor of Haid / Ansfelden** requesting that a memorial for the former camp Haid / Ansfelden be set up or had it erected.
**Although we are already writing October 19, 2019, to this day I have received no answer **whatsoever to my request for preliminary talks with the mighty members of the township outside the gates of Linz to erect the monument.
The municipality of Ansfelden, in which the former camp area of Haid is located, apparently** prefers to reject (indirectly) every memorial to the thousands of former inhabitants of the camp.**
When I was recently approached by a freelance member of the Austrian radio and TV station ORF on my contemporary history work around the history of the camp in Haid, I unfortunately had to tell her the sad facts about the trap of the Haider monument that I was thinking of.
She too was terribly shocked at the negation of my petitions to the city office in Haid / Ansfelden.
All in all, it will probably be reserved for later generations to judge the peculiar behavior of today's mayor of Haid / Ansfelden (and its predecessors).
Obviously, the municipality of Ansfelden may not be actively involved in the ORF documentary about the DP camps in Austria at the time,** but chances are not bad that Haid's barracks camp will soon be affected in a relevant TV production.**
Whether the program is produced in this country's popular HD format is of course not yet final.
The village of Haid continues to grow
- The Village Haid
The surrounding communities of Linz have experienced a tremendous upswing in recent decades. The prospect of living in the countryside while pursuing a job in Linz, the capital of the state of Upper Austria, seduced many Some Austrians and even more "new citizens" who had come to Austria to seek great fortune and found a place in the so-called "bacon belt" of Linz to search.
While in other surrounding communities of Linz more single-family houses are springing up, in today's modern city of Ansfelden (the village of Haid is part of the city of Ansfelden near Linz),** it is more of a communal residential building that is being built.**
The proportion of foreigners in Haid is exorbitantly high. This is due to two legal requirements: Firstly, the Austrian housing cooperatives have agreed decidedly to at least one fifth of the new apartments built to non-Austrians.
On the other hand, **several hundred so-called "Mandate-flats" are located in the heart of the city. **These apartments in the center of Haid were defintitiv only to non-Austrians to forgive. Maybe now is the last chance for the village in Haid, that this situation has changed slightly and now also a small number of Austrians are allowed to move into these small apartments.
In the notorious barracks camp Haid, however, there were so-called "storage lock", so certain periods of time, in which only in exceptional cases someone was allowed to drag into the camp. Back then, 70 years ago, it was desirable to be admitted to the camp. Today - 70 years later - the housing silos in Haid are more like living space for (limited) time. The Fluctuation in the housing sector in modern Haid is enormous.
It will be interesting to see how this development will affect the development of Haid society in the coming decades.
One thing, however, seems already clear: The feeling of belonging to the (national) Germans that was displayed in the camp Haid after the Second World War, will probably never be reached again in this place.
Letter about the new monument in Haid to the Mayor of the City of Ansfelden-Haid (30. July 2019)
Today, July 30, Year 2019, I wrote the following letter to the burgomaster of Haid-Ansfelden and the city councilors:
Subject: Construction of a monument to Haid's barrack camp.
Dear Mr. Mayor, dear city councilors of the municipality Ansfelden!
This year, 2019, it's been 55 years since the last remnants of the barrack camp in Haid were broken off.
The Haid hovel camp represented a historical camp that accommodated persons from all over the world, voluntarily and involuntarily, from 1941 to 1964.
We owe it to the persons who were integrated, barracked or interned in the Haid camp, as a circle of people who were allowed to grow up in peace, to set a memorial.
Never again should the terrible events of 1941 to 1945 repeat in our state and throughout Austria, never again will there be such great distress in the country as directly after 1945., and - in the case of the Barack camp Haid - into the late 1950s ,
The history of the Haid camp is to be seen as a concentrate of Central European contemporary history and its history should inspire our children and grandchildren to think about historical developments.
Although it may not be of particular interest to you personally for the time being to have my monument erected in memory of the camp in Haid, I appeal at this point to your responsibility as a politician in modern Austria: no state, no County, no municipality, can afford to deny its history in the long run.
In the long term, the up-and-coming city of Ansfelden can certainly not afford to withhold the memory of the deprivation-rich times in the Haid camp from the 1940s to the 1950s.
I appeal again to your reason: Let us build a modern monument to the barrack camp Haid!
As local politicians, it is up to them to make important decisions.
55 years after the demolition of the Haid camp, the time has come to set the course. Generational and now!
Thomas G. Lackner
In today's Ansfeldner district Haid reminds (almost) nothing more of the time of the (then)** poverty-stricken barracks camp.**
Even the great achievements of Upper Austrian housing co-operatives, who erected brick buildings here instead of barracks in the 1960s and 1970s, are now fading.
However, that may only partly be due to the inscriptions, which are not etched partout (see picture: Haider "WSG" habitation from the year 1970).
Rather, it is connected with the fact that the sturdy brick buildings of the 20th century today are home to ungrateful, all-converting new "refugees" from East Europe and Afirika; These people usually get more money a year from the government than an Austrian who has worked a lifetime and is now in retirement.
A large part of Haider apartments are now -** with the approval of Ansfeldner (Haider) mayor** - leased for these** "social parasites"** by the federal government.
A change in the situation and at the same time franking of the apartments in question for residents is not in sight; the new government under Chancellor Bierlein in Vienna sees it as an Austrian duty to continue to supply such "social parasites" at the expense of the Austrian taxpayer.
A turn of this unfortunate policy could only bring about a change in the major elections in the fall of 2019; for these elections, however, has already been rumored that probably again the conservative and thus backward forces will win.
So it is clear that the then** very diligent Volksdeutsche (VD's) from the camp Haid and their great economic achievements in the Austrian economy are forgotten forever**, since now there is a new mainstream in Austria that is: "All power the new African and Eastern European visitors to the Austrian social hammock ".
Not only the few survivors of the Haider camp are annoyed about this; But you can not change anything about the Austrian social system, which has gone completely out of control ....
But this is only a personal opinion.
What is your opinion?
YOUR personal memories of the Haid camp are also welcome ...
End of a school year
- Train Station Haid/Ansfelden
While in this country these days the graduation of the 2018/2019 school year is celebrated strongly in student circles, today a modern student can hardly imagine what it was like for the student of the Haid camp in earlier times.
A high honor for some of the Haider school children was to be allowed to travel by train to a foreign country and thus to escape the monotonous camp school can.
These student exchanges, for example, led to Belgium or France. After half a year or a few months more or less, the once dry Haider students came back handsome, and a mother complained: "My son got off the train, was well nourished, but hardly spoke German anymore ...".
A former exchange student for the unofficial farewell ceremonies, when a train full of students from Haid left again: "When we left, our mothers all cried, the fathers were there more pragmatic and threw us into the compartments quickly a pair of pants or a change Penknife after ... half the camp had come to the station to say goodbye to us for half a year in a foreign land .... ".
For these student exchanges, travel took place from the then important local station in Haid, which is connected to the Kremstalbahn; It had been expanded during the Second World War in order to be able to load the masses of foreign workers and prisoners of war who had to be taken from Haid / Ansfelden to the Hermann Göring works and other workplaces in Linz.
Even directly into the camp Haid led in those days a separate siding; Haid was chosen in 1940/41 by the powerful of the German Reich even after the transport connection to the railway as a camp site; The masses of people leaving from Haid / Ansfelden station were not to be underestimated during wartime. Only after the war did the Haider railway station gradually lose their significance and today it is a small, dreamy provincial station, from which only a smaller number of people commute to Linz for work or pleasure.
"Furniture See" is closing!
- Former Camp Area Haid
The time has come: „Furniture See“ in Haid is closing!
Möbel See was a Haider institution in the "modern" Haid that arose after the removal of the old barracks camp in Haid.
Instead of the common office building of „Furniture See“ on Schulstrasse 1, a monumental residential building is to be built.
The immigration into modern Haid is unbroken.
Why just on these patches of earth the immigration is so strong is unexplored,
Haid is characterized neither by particularly philanthropic housing policy nor a distinctive infrastructure ...
DP-Camp Number 121
- DP-Camp Haid
On the picture you can see the **main gate **of the former DP camp Haid.
Haid had (after the Second World War) for the longest time the number "121" assigned in the number system of the Upper Austrian camp (but also other numbers were used for a short time).
The camps of the federal state of Upper Austria were registered in a numbering system ranging from number 1 to slightly above number 1000.
It is true that behind each of these numbers between 1 and 1000 there was not really an independent camp, but the** number of camps** in the (post-war)** American occupied part of Austria** (Federal States of Upper Austria and Salzburg, individual districts of Vienna) was enormous.
Insight into death books denied
- Church in Ansfelden - City of Ansfelden
In order to be able to verify at least the Christian-oriented dead of the camp in Ansfelden and thus also of the Haider camp until 1945, the local historian T. G. Lackner sought a look into the local death books of the pastoral center Ansfelden.
The entry several times introduced by the Roman Catholic Church in Ansfelden (Haid is a district of the community Ansfelden and at the same time part of the pastoral center Ansfelden)** repeated and emphatically rejected several times.**
The responsible diocese (Traun) does not want to give an opinion on the seal of the Ansfeldner death books, the competent local archivist has consistently been unavailable for many months.
The fact that the closure of the Ansfeldner death books for any research purpose also creates a large gap in the follow-up research on the dead of the Haider barracks camp seems to seriously disturb nobody in the church or in the secular community Ansfelden.
An old Haider resident in a personal conversation: "Oh, you know, in the 1940s, the not so few dead were loaded on ladder wagons from the barracks camp and taken away to Ansfelden It has been claimed by the powerful of the country to this day, that all the dead from the Haid camp then somewhere in our earth were duly brought in.** I'm not the only one in Upper Austria who doubt it ... **"
The dead of the camp
- Field of death in Ansfelden
At the turn of the millennium T.G.Lackner took on a very honorable task: he wanted to clarify the background to the dead from and around the camp Haid.
The responsible local government was not at all enthusiastic about this initiative of the researcher and did not agree.
Nonetheless, the local historian was able to **find out important facts about the iron cruising on the field of death **of the municipality of Ansfelden. As this field of death is not administered by a Catholic or Protestant church, but curiously by the community Ansfelden itself, Lackner could not count on the support of the powerful of the competent municipality as I said.
The crucifixes of the dead are** particularly important** in connection with research on the former** Haider Hospital**, for the investigation of the death of the camp in Haid in general and finally also for researchers from other provinces, who are in permanent exchange with the local historian T.G.Lackner , among other things also about the **prisoner of war **in the Upper Austrian part of Austria or also about the final battles of the German Wehrmacht in Austria.
From Hitler's most modern highway to a Moloch
- City of Ansfelden, Camp Haid
Many myths revolve around the - supposedly - fast replenishment roads of Hitler.
The fact remains that one of these important connections was directly related to the construction of the barrack camp in Haid (Upper Austria).
And even more: from a welcome highway (which could also accommodate many trucks), the favorite project of Hitler almost everywhere turned into a juggernaut in our day.
So also in Haid: At the beginning of the sixties of the last century, the children were still standing on the motorway bridges, looking down at the motor-way and counting the cars, which was sometimes even boring because so few cars drove by.
Today, the traffic at Haid (district of the community Ansfelden) on the highway has increased so drastically that radical measures must be taken as the following newspaper report shows:
_ANSFELDEN. The section of the West Motorway near Linz is one of the busiest routes in Austria with an additionally very high volume of lorries. Now the construction __**work for the noise protection along the highway **_between node Linz and the bridge of the B139 has begun. 9,000 residents benefit.
On the basis of the new service instructions of the Ministry of Transport for the construction of noise protection on highways arise up to 7.5 meters high walls. Construction will take place from March 2019 to June 2020 in the nearly six-kilometer section between the Linz junction and the Haid Center / B139.
Roofing work on the Haider barracks, after the war
- Camp Haid
Just as the subdivisions of the common rooms in the barracks were an urgent need (not only) in Haid after the war (it will be back elsewhere), roofing could be done on the barracks actually planned for a maximum of a decade in Haid as elsewhere can not be avoided.
Back then, the winter was very severe (up to minus 20 degrees Celsius), and it was not just the snow pressure that made the rooftops tense. Even the warm summers literally burned the roofs.
The Upper Austrian Provincial Government, which had been overseen by the administration of the Haider barracks after the Second World War, spent immense funds (for the time) to rehabilitate the decrepit barracks and ensure that the new residents, the Volksdeutsche, lived halfway tolerably.
On the other hand, one must also bear in mind that the barracks not only had to defy the elements, but also that - mainly at the end of the Second World War - looting by foreign workers and residents took place, which literally spared nothing.
So it could happen that half barracks were removed to burn them in these cold winters.
Not to mention more similar actions.
All in all, the repair work was even years after the Second World War cheaper than the construction of new apartments (stone buildings).
It was not until the second half of the 1950s that the municipality of Ansfelden was able to warm up the first modern residential buildings for the former shanty dwellers.
Compared to other communities late ...
Here are a few memorial plaques to the male members of the Haider Volksdeutsche. These men followed the call of the Waffen-SS and fought for their homeland until death. For many years the Haider people mourned for their fathers, brothers and sons. The men who had so ruined the Jugoslav Volksdeutsche were Adolf Hitler and Sepp Janko. There are some lines below about Sepp Janko. As far as the panels shown, it should be noted that these had to be removed from the roll call of the Haider camp at the behest of the then mayor of Ansfelden. The former socialist mayor did not want to allow death honors for members of the German Wehrmacht at the former appellplatz (Camp Haid). Today, the plates with the names of the Jews from Jugolawi are hanging in another abandoned spot. At one point, by the way, hardly anyone knows the connections between the Volksdeutsche DP's, the Waffen-SS and Adolf HItler like Sepp Janko.
Josef "Sepp" Janko (born November 9, 1905 in Ernőháza, German Ernsthausen, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary, † September 25, 2001 in Belgrano, Argentina) was from 1939 was Federal Chairman of the Swabian-German Cultural Association in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and from 1941 "Volksgruppenführer" of the German ethnic group in the Banat and Serbia for the Serbian part of the Banat occupied by the German Wehrmacht.
Janko pressed it in the National Socialist-oriented "renewal movement"; the German Reich supported the concentration process within the ethnic group. At the instigation of the "Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle" on June 6, 1939, the moderate Josef Janko, executive committee of the pro-German "Kulturbundes" in Yugoslavia.
After the occupation of Yugoslavia, the Cultural League was dissolved and Janko appointed SS-Obersturmführer and "ethnic group leader" appointed for the Serbian part of the Banat occupied by German troops
Shortly after the beginning of the Second World War, volunteer advertising of the Waffen-SS began among the "ethnic Germans" from Yugoslavia working in the German Reich. Against the background of the increasing partisan war in Serbia Janko proposed during a visit to Berlin on November 6, 1941 Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler before the establishment of a homeland regiment to be used only in the western Banat. This 3000-strong regiment was to be under its control and used exclusively in the western Banat to combat partisans. Adolf Hitler approved this plan; While Janko still went out from a "home defense" or "home defense", but soon crystallized the warlike use of the recruits to secure the occupation area, including the fight against insurgents.
Himmler had now set up the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division "Prinz Eugen". As far back as April 1942, between 10,000 and 15,000 Yugoslavian Germans arrived, although Janko's initial assessment was that he was enthusiastic about serving in the Waffen-SS. The ostensible "voluntariness" was quickly replaced with a veritable terror of terror, because Janko began in April 1942, together with the SS Supplementary Office with regular conscription orders to commit to the service of the weapon. Thus, in Western Banat and Serbia until January 1944, approximately 22,000 younger and older men were recruited, of whom more than 15,000 were assigned to the Waffen-SS. Failure to comply with the convocation, Janko promised "the strictest sentence".
On Hitler's orders Himmler issued on September 13, 1944, a "particularly urgent order" to bring the "ethnic Germans" to safety before the Red Army, which was rapidly advancing through Romania towards Banat. At most 30,000 were to be evacuated from the Romanian Banat and a maximum of 80,000 Germans evacuated from the Serbian Banat. The Waffen SS together with Wehrmacht and Hungarian troops made a counterattack at Timişoara. When the commander of the SS SS mountain corps, SS Obergruppenfuhrer Artur Phleps, evacuated much more people in the Romanian town of Banat than Himmler had authorized, he ordered the closure of the eviction and issued a strict ban on evacuation for the Serbian Banat. Janko's request to the military commander in Serbia to move the SS Division "Prinz Eugen" from the area around the Timok River to the Banat was dismissed because the division was relocated to the area of the city of Niš for military reasons. However, the general evacuation was repeatedly postponed at the behest of Behrend and his representative in Zrenjanin, SS brigade leader Fiedler, against whose commands Janko could not prevail. It was not until the Red Army pushed north past Zrenjanin to the Tisza that Behrends approved the general evacuation of the Banat on the evening of October 1. According to the secret monthly reports of the "Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle" for October and November 1944, only about 15,000 "Volksdeutsche" from Vojvodina and Serbia reached the territory of the German Reich. The part of the German minority remaining in the Banat after the invasion of the Red Army was thus subjected to mass shootings, arrests, abuses, looting, rape and internment by guerrilla units in the months to come.
Dwellings in Haid - yesterday and today
- Schoolstreet, Haid
The "lifetime" of the barracks of the Haider camp, built in 1941 by the National Socialists as a temporary solution for workers, was calculated for use until at least the mid-1950s. Until then, Linz was to be built according to the personal desire of the "leader" (Adolf Hitler) to a city with 350000 inhabitants, and the Reichsautobahn should also be completed by then. With the removal of the (cheap) labor force from Haid, the camp would have become obsolete.
The story, however, took a different approach: as a result of the housing shortage, the Haider barracks had to be used until the 1960s.
As early as the end of the 1950s, the cost of keeping the barracks soared (repair work) so much that the maintainer of the Haider barracks - the office of the Upper Austrian provincial government - was forced to initiate another solution.
It was decided to remove the barracks of the Haid camp completely by 1964 at the latest and to erect new, faceless, anonymous residential buildings in brick and concrete construction in a confined space instead of the former wooden dwellings.
These new buildings increasingly attracted antisocial rabble, so that today's Haid is an island of a mixture of peoples, unparalleled and defeated with high crime.
Hardly anyone lives on the former "good Haidern" or many have emigrated.
The decline of Haid is almost unstoppable despite "modern" residential buildings. However, there are no improvement measures for the small town set by the Ansfeldner city government, which resides in Haid and is responsible for Haid.
Alone the condition of the roads there is horrible, and it happens not infrequently that violent incidents occur on the open road.
Hardly any Austrian who lives in a living silo in Haid or has to live there for lack of another place of residence, gladly admits when settling in other parts of the country or abroad to settle in Haid ....
- DP Camp 121 Haid/Ansfelden
Lisa Schag writes in her book "Purgatory Balkans" among others about the barracks camp in Haid:
In the largest of all barracks camps, at Camp 121 Haid / Ansfelden, about 30 kilometers from Linz, where 5,000 refugees lived crammed together in confined spaces, Lisa and her father discovered a back door to get in (Note: to be able to live in the camp) ,
An elderly couple from their home village (Note: Lisa's home village had been in Yugoslavia, in "Ernsthausen"), which was already housed in a tiny room, and in the already tight dwelling, pulled back even closer, leaving Lisa and her father behind one of his beds.
They could not leave more room for them in these extremely cramped conditions. Lisa and her father had to stow their little belongings under the bed. The daughter (note: with the "daughter" is Lisa Schag itself meant) close at the head, the father at the foot of the bed, and the friendly couple also slept together in the other bed. Too tight living was very uncomfortable because everyone was always in the way.
_For washing there was a faucet with cold water in the common washroom, where all the barrack people washed in the morning and brushed their teeth _
- Camp Haid near Linz
Carnival in the barracks camp Haid near Linz
While the majority of inmates in the Haid hovel camp fought their sheer survival until well into the fifties, there were pompous balls in the same barrack camp, but only a few could take part.
The Austrian "Carnival", for example, was lavishly celebrated with exotic costumes and even more exotic stage sets.
At that time, it must have seemed like a mockery to the poor Volksdeutsche in the Haid refugee camp that they themselves had barely enough to eat, while next door the more fortunate ones celebrated in exuberance and had plenty of food and drink available on these evenings.
New-years letter 2019 to the Rulers of Ansfelden-Haid
Dear city government of the municipality Ansfelden in the political district Linz-Land in Upper Austria!
At the beginning of 2019 you let me express my surprise that I did not receive any replies to my inquiries to the local city office over the past few years concerning a discussion surrounding a future non-denominational monument to the barracks camp in Haid ,
It would be interesting to know in particular whether you are fundamentally against the establishment of such a monument.
The world public and I would not be averse to a kick-off discussion on this issue, as you have already been informed of my request for comment in this particular case from your service in your department over the last few years.
Whether your chosen course, this request of the descendants of the displaced in Haid (1941 to 1946), will continue to exist in 2019, is, of course, solely a decision of the Ansfelden city rulers.
The question that comes up in the room is whether your office is an democracy office or an office that rigorously hides everything that does not seem to fit.
Please keep in mind that the complete negation of the desire of many citizens of this world to see in Ansfelden-Haid a worthy memorial to their ancestors from the Second World War, can not really be worthy of a self-proclaimed "modern" community like Ansfelden ,
I wish you a peaceful start to the year 2019 and I am convinced that I will report to you more frequently in this matter in the new year, even at the risk of being punished again with icy silence on the part of your office.
In anticipation of further, Greetings
T. G. Lackner
Did the dead of the Haider camp from 1941 to 1945 drive the former Ansfeldner Mayor into suicide?
The Haider population is also increasingly believing that the unrecovered history of the camp in Haid about the years 1941 to 1945 drove former mayor WALTER ERNHARD into suicide. The Haider historian LACKNER had with Ernhard before his death serious discussions about the Haider camp and the scandalous Nazi past of the competent municipality led. In March 2010, the inexperienced mayor of Ansfelden, who came from a plant not far from the Haider camp, could no longer stand the huge pressure of local history and killed himself. Since then, a total information barrier on the National Socialist history of the community Ansfelden applies.
Only the Haider historian T. G. Lackner cares internationally about the heavy historical legacy of the Upper Austrian rural community, which is initiated near LINZ in Upper Austria. Supporters from all over the world are extremely grateful to him, both with information and with ideal support. "I've worked a lot on the cruel heritage of the Ansfelden community," Lackner tells an Israeli TV crew in an interview. With this television team Lackner was in recent years also in other places where Jews were relocated in 1946 from Haid.
- Northeast of the former Camp Gate I
Maria Obermayr was a sympathizer of the local community in the last third of the twentieth century. She wished to have a Catholic chapel built on the borders of the former camp area. This little chapel was meant to remind of the camp in Haid. At that time in this country business with the powerful of the country were usually made without large contracts, often even at the tavern table, remember today many Haider still at this incomprehensible time back in the country. Whether it was in the case of the Haider Marienkapelle or not, can not be determined exactly today, since the documents about the emergence of the Haider Marienkapelle are not publicly available and are kept under lock and key. However, it is clear that in any case it must have been a business "among friends". How else is it to explain that at that time - during the construction of this chapel at the former location of the camp gate I of the camp - the community Ansfelden still generously provided a plot, while nowadays even any kind of preliminary talks about a non-denominational monument to the camp Haid categorically and energetically rejected by the responsible city councils in the area of the municipality? It almost looks like this, so in Haid only Catholic visitors could commemorate the former inmates of the camp.
The dead men of the Nazi camp Haid 1941-1945
- Camp Haid
** The dead men of the Nazi camp in Haid 1941-1945** Not a few victims of the Nazi camp Haid are buried in Upper Austrian flounder. Auche Leonardo Cece from Italy fell victim to the Hitler regime in Ansfelden-Haid. Overall, little is known about the victims of the Haider camp in the Second World War, not least because the municipality of Ansfelden, as the owner of the plaice in which the victims of Hitler are buried, permanently refuses to disclose details of the victims The social democrat Ansfeldner Bürgermeisterei, responsible for the legacy of the Nazi camp in Haid, has so far refused to inform the world more details about the life and death of foreigners in the Haider camp in the years 1941-1945. In any other Western democracy, this malady would make headlines. In Ansfelden near Linz in Upper Austria, however, this fact is completely normal and is not taken up by any newspaper, by any radio or even by any TV station.
Post to Ansfeldner city office again without an answer.
Post to Ansfeldner city office again without an answer.
Recently, the well-known local historian T. G. Lackner has written a brief and sent to the city office Ansfelden-Haid. Unfortunately without success.
The pleading concerned the Lackner's project of building a memorial for the victims of the Haider camp in the area of the former shanty town of Haid, which is located in the town of Ansfelden near Linz in Upper Austria.
As many applications before the current, Lackner's request should have fallen victim to the shredder in the office of the city ruling.
Lackner himself, however, does not want to be misled by this: "The whole world can know why this is not a long time a new adequate monument to the victims of the camp between 1941 and 1945. If that wants to prevent the Social Democratic Ansfeldner mayor with all his might, so he has to reconcile that with his conscience, so he probably will not sleep well at the moment ... "
Lackner calculates for a long time that this was already the 15th input to the Ansfelden town hall, which remained completely unanswered. But he does not want to give up: "When will we reach it, sometime ..."
Would the Federal President agree with this approach?
- City of Ansfelden / Camp Haid
From untimely politics is to be expected, when one looks at the municipality Ansfelden. The recent history of the place is indeed influenced by the Nazi camp HAID that was converted into a DP camp after the Second World War.
The modern city administration defends itself however with hands and feet against the processing of the past of the city.
This sometimes leads so far that completely everyday inquiries at the city office for a look into relevant documents from the war and post-war period reflexively lead to panic excuses, why this is not possible here and now. From all over the world interviewees are looking for their ancestors from the notorious camp in Haid, but only a few are allowed to find them.
This is a great debt to the local government. This categorically smashes as good as any inquiry into the old records. Whether a behavior is probably in the interests of the Republic of Austria? The expert is surprised, and the layman is amazed ...
Haid and the Motorway
- A 1-Motorway, Haid, and in the background the city of Ansfelden
The history of Hitler's motorways is a story full of sweat, dreams and disappointments. However, the Haid camp was founded first and primarily for this purpose. In the last years of the Second World War, the motorways had become so important as tactical platforms that even in Haid the initialization of the infamous German "Jägerstab" was strongly advanced. Of course, these last war effort did not really work anymore. It was not until many years after the war that highway construction was finally resumed (by the Austrian government) and the former "Führer's Road" finally completed in the 1960s. This was accompanied by the completion of the Haider "Autobahnkirche". Meanwhile, the Haider camp inmates walked for years comfortably after the war on the traced construction site of the Hitlerite highway, the Catholics among them sometimes even to the Holy Mass in the middle-distant churches Ansfelden, Berg and St. Leonhard.
The big shame...
- HAID/Ansfelden near Linz
Whatever you request in the community Ansfelden / Haid ....
... here, in this rural community in the Upper Austrian metropolitan area, simply any application for historical research is simply rejected by the authorities. Even if it is only a matter of a few documents to be paid and withdrawn refugees of the camp Haid: The respective mayors of HAID (always the Social Democrats!) refuse again and again.
The approach of Vienna, the capital of Austria, shows that there is another way: all the information about refugees in and after the Second World War is available to the researchers unconditionally and free of charge. The research is even actively supported by the responsible magistrate offices.
Thus, Ansfelden / Haid is one of the most backward communities in Austria, as far as the processing of the Austrian past is concerned.
An indictment of poverty and a shame for the whole of Austria ....
Motorcycling was the first hint of luxury in the post-war era
- Haid DP-Camp
In the direct and further post-war period poverty was very high in Haid Barracks. The preferred means of transportation on an individual basis has long been the motorcycle. It is therefore not surprising that right on the edge of the barracks area in Haid near Linz also motorcycle skill competitions were on the program. It was not until much, much later, that the first primitive automobiles appeared in the shanty town and at the time were mostly English, Italian or German brands ...
The old Haid dies
- Haid, concrete street
The old haid dies! While the "ancients" still lived in barracks after the war and later in stone buildings, this is no longer enough for today's strangers in Haid. Modern immigrants want underfloor heating, satellite TV and as many donations as possible from the Austrian state. Therefore, the most modern skyscrapers were built for the "new settlers" in Haid, just where the barracks used to be; Not only do these immigrants have all the comforts, but in many cases the rent for the apartments is also paid in cash by the Republic of Austria. Many elderly Haider no longer see any sense of coexistence with belligerent and often violent neighbors like the "new settlers" from Russia, Chechnya, Kosovo, Turkey, and all other so called "far countrys". They - the elderly Haiders - usually sell their small houses built under many discounts and seek a new home in quieter corners of Austria. The fact that the crime statistics in Haid is higher than in other areas of Austria is not even contested by the mayor of Haider. He continues to call for patience, expensive gifts for the often criminal foreigners in Haid and "integration" on ...
- Camp Haid after the WW II
Now in August, the anniversary of the death of the former pastor of the camp in Haid hapenned..
Not many survivors had arrived, yet the local historian T. G. Lackner could gather a small crowd to pay homage to this formerly Roman Catholic pastor.
Wagner had been born in Yugoslavia, events in Europe at that time also washed him into the camp in Haid.
In a small, informal commemoration the dead man was thought worthily.
It was a nice celebration.
Everyone involved felt that this little ceremony had been necessary.
For in the hard times of camp life, it was often pastor Wagner, who gave comfort and the faithful Catholics of the camp, as it was converted after the war into a refugee camp, completely in the spirit of the Roman Catholic faith supervised.
Population of Haid in Upper Austria wins a stage victory
- Stadtbilbiothek, Hauptplatz, 4053 Haid
The Haider population achieved a stage victory: after a long struggle, it was possible to assert some time ago that a model of the former barrack camp in Haid in the city center was made available to visitors from all over the world. Most of them are visitors from USA, Australia and South America, who admire the model and learn more about their ancestors and relatives in this way. The model has existed for some time, but was stored for a long time in a dusty cellar and brought out only at intervals of a few years, and to the so-called "Haider meeting", which are obsolete today. Together with the individual resident lists, which can be requested against a tax at the city office in Ansfelden / Haid, this model of the former camp in Haid forms a document to see in which barracks and under what circumstances the relatives of today visit Haid coming descendants of former prisoners of war, bomb victims and expellees lived at that time.
"The operation did not pay..."
- City of Ansfelden/Haid
In fact, the city of Ansfelden, where HAID is located, still does not make much progress on public transport today, in the 21st century. The financing of a major bypass road has been controversial for many years, the Linzer tram can not be moved to Haid, because the responsible persons in Haider City Hall successfully refuse to finance part of it. Thus, Haid degenerates more and more into a stuffed with cars ghetto.
For example, a flagship project in the past decade was to become a so-called "district bus". This was to chauffeur the Haider and other community residents across the city. The Haider and all Ansfeldner were very happy. After just a few years, however, the company was reinstated at the behest of the city government Ansfelden. According to official information, "the operation did not pay". What remained are many orphaned stops of this bus project. And the realization that for the sitting in Haid Ansfeldner city government nowadays "everything must pay". **The humanity of the former DP camp has apparently long since given way to an icy cost-benefit calculation on the part of the mayor in Haid ... **
An old lady tells...
At the beginning of May, the liberation of the former "Nazi labor camp" Haid by the Allies is celebrated every year. Thereafter, the approximately 160 barracks of refugees from German communities in Eastern Europe were inhabited.
A few years ago,** a former prominent resident of the refugee camp gave a little insight** into the conditions when she was interviewed by a major journalist from the country.
Here are excerpts from their comments (names alienated for privacy reasons):
Questioner: Mrs M., (...) how was life in the barracks?
**Mrs M. **(meanwhile 78 years old, authors note): In 1955, at the age of 15, I came to the camp. Before that, we were staying with a peasant family. We got an apartment in the teachers' barracks. They were not that bad. We already had white toilets, not the gruesome old brown ones.
**Questioner: **(...) And what about the washing facilities?
Mrs. M .: You had to use this together. When I got married in 1958, I moved to another barrack. At age 19, I had to clean the old communal toilets. It was awful...
**Questioner: **Did you have any electricity at all? Water?
Mrs. M .: Yes, yes. That was prepared. There was water at collection points.
Questioner: (...) And before that?
Mrs. M .: I spent my childhood at the farm where we were quartered. It was nice there. The only thing: I never wanted to be different from the others. But as soon as someone said "refugee", I was different. Even if it was not meant to be evil.
Questioner: (...) and the ecclesiastical institutions?
Mrs. M .: The ecclesiastical life has occupied a large space. There they met. At Easter there was always the Easter fire in front of the church. And what I liked: After the devotion one was invited by the pastor to a snack. Or you went home to the church together with a candle in your hand.
SOURCE: Upper Austrian news.
Just 70 years ago...
- Haid in Upper Austria
**70 years ago, namely in 1948**, the camp Haid Catholic bells were consecrated. It was a celebration that deeply moved the whole camp. One must know that at this time the occupants list of the barrack camp consisted (almost) exclusively of VD\`s (Volksdeutsche). They had replaced the Jews towards the end of 1946 that were shipped during the year 1946 by Haid into other transit camp in Austria. Piquant detail: The stay of the Jewish refugees in the camp Haid is as good as not explored. It seems that both the local Haider city government as well as higher-level departments not interested in working up the "Jewish history" in Haid ...
Weapons at the wooden City?!
- Haid near Linz
** Weapons at Camp Haid ?!** As time and again witnesses confirmed, weapons were widely used in the "wooden City" of Haid. This started with little derringers, went over full-blown revolvers, the older students had had from their fathers and occasionally even took to the camp school, and went up to assault rifles and machine guns and submachine guns, which were stored mostly under the barracks. A contemporary witness reported in this context of a German MG 42 so: I hardly believe my eyes, as the demolition of a barrack in the early 1960s in the ground including a perfectly preserved in oil paper, with reserve run and ammunition boxes provided MG 42 was recovered. I asked my neighbor if he could pinch me. He did that too. But the "Hitler's saw" still did not disappear, it was still there; just at this one barrack! And the machine gun was just as new!"
Socialist Bureau of Haid wants to take the Haider now the historic "water forest".
The downward spiral of the city of Haid has been in for years does not want to end. The latest highlight is now the Ansfeldnber,/Haider mayor, who also manages the small town HAID, who wants to take the Haider their beloved "water forest". The Haid water forest was built as a protection zone for the groundwater in times of the Second World War; Manfred Baumberger as mayor of the city Ansfelden / Haid whistles but on the traditional protection zone and sooner or later wants to hit the historic forest: Behind this there is a unique greed for profit, as only socialists can show: for every new apartment built, for every new new citizen who has been brought in, the community gets barely moneyl! The settling policy of the municipality is also highly controversial: While old-established Haider may not move to new buildings, the mayor promotes strong immigration from other counties to Ansfelden / Haid. It almost seems as if history is going to repeat itself:
It almost seems as if history is going to repeat itself: Already during the Second World War there were more foreigners in the community Ansfelden than their own. If this approach to socialist policies in Haid Wetier spreads, then "good night, Haid"!
Died former Mayor of teh city for the ideas of Hitler?
Was the former Ansfeldner Mayor hanged because of Knight Cross Bearer S.?
The rumors of dead people in the municipality of Ansfelden, in which the former camp Haid was located, are not getting any less with time.
The latest "latrine slogans" in the small town of Haid / Ansfelden, just outside Linz, give a glimpse into the Nazi past of Haid / Ansfelden.
The small insignificant suburb had celebrated in the time of the Second World War, still in the presence of high SA and SS leaders, the Knight's Cross for the Ansfeldner citizen S. pompous, as now emerges historical photo material shows.
Ansfelden's former mayor of the city, Z., invited the firebrand Knight's Cross bearer, according to the protocol, even after the celebration of the Knights' Credits Ceremony to the soldiers to** visit the prisoner of war hospital Haid, which at that time was located in the extensive camp complex Haid.**
The rumors that have now surfaced state that the former mayor Walter E. of Ansfelden, said that this disgrace - and an additional rumor that these photos were hung demonstratively in the offices oft eh town for years after the war - as everybody knows, lives a few years ago took.
The vernacular says: Where rumors are, one is also a bit of truth. Is it the case in this case?
Haider Mayor does not answer my letters!
** In March 2018**, after several similar letters, I sent the letter below to the mayor of Ansfelden ("Haid" is part of the Austrian municipality of Ansfelden and thus falls within the jurisdiction of the city of Ansfelden);
** the rulers there did not find it worth while to answer** even one of my innumerable requests for hearing regarding my proposal for the erection of a memorial in favor of the slain former campers of the barracks camp in Haid.
Here it is: one of my (unanswered) letters to the Burgomaster in Haid:
Sent: Friday, March 2, 2018 15:21
_To: _[email protected]
Re: Evaluation Position City Ansfelden
++P. G. Ladies and gentlemen!++
The commemorative year 2018 is the occasion for many events and memorial inaugurations in our country above the Enns.
The independent contemporary history researcher T. G. Lackner would like to take this opportunity to evaluate the (current) position of the municipality Ansfelden to a construction of a "camp monument" for the former barracks camp in Ansfeldner district "Haid".
We Austrian historians of history have been able to register in recent decades the clear wish of former "Haider" that a non-denominational monument would do justice to the signs of our time.
This also seems plausible from a cultural-historical perspective, since the so-called "experience generation" inexorably approaches death and - in particular - inmates of the mentioned camp in the years 1941 to 1945 and beyond, or their descendants, an acknowledgment in form a worthy monument on the floor of the former barracks camp should not be denied under any circumstances.
I (and we) hereby politely ask for an official statement with ev. Report on previous considerations or preliminary work in this regard by your service.
Thom. G. Lackner
_History Researcher _
Also Italiens died in the camps of Haid ...
Haider mayor refuses talks about the planned monument to the camp
From well-informed sources leaked from the Haider office building, that the government of the small town near Linz has planned no such discussions until the end of 2018 in their diary. Incoming letters to apply for such talks are allegedly no longer answered and destroyed with a shredder.
My own letters to the mayor of the city concerning the application for a hearing regarding the new Haider monument were reportedly already destroyed in the new Haider town hall.
But I will continue to fight for the memory of those who died in the camp of Haid and, if need be, go to the President of the Republic of Austria to show the complete history of the Haider camp and to have a worthy monument erected.
The Story of my work
In the early 2000s, the powerful of the Austrian province of Upper Austria tried with all their might to prevent my big project on the former barracks camp in HAID. The prevention attempts were sometimes just obscure, as the attached document proves: As a "gendarmerie commander" of the Republic of Austria seriously tried to persuade me that historical research in Austria was only allowed to academic persons in Austria and therefore, of course, no insight into the Civil status list of the camp in Haid may be inspected, which rests with the mayor's office of the city Haid-Ansfelden. Of course, the allegation of the leading gendarmerie is NOT correct and is merely a repressive measure to avert pleasant questions about the sad history of the Haider camp,** especially about the events in that camp from 1941 to 1945**. However, as a result of a leak in the local government, I learned that the local mayor, city officials and people from the gendarmerie squad had actually designed **this plan meticulously to shut down my historical record of the Haid camp **..... You can prove - as always in Austria - as a citizen, although none of this ... Thus, according to Austrian law, only the presumption of innocence ...