The United States Presidential Election of 1860

The United States Presidential Election of 1860

EVENT

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday November 6 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War. The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860 these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern factions and a new Constitutional Union Party appeared. In the face of a divided opposition the Republican Party dominant in the North secured a majority of the electoral votes putting Abraham Lincoln in the White House with almost no support from the South.

Election of 1860

    The Election of 1860 was the most important presidential election since the birth of the nation. Less than a century after winning its independence from England, the United States was now on the brink of collapse because of the slavery issue and the dispute over "states rights."

    War Drums on the Horizon
    As the political process wove its way through the months of 1860, the threat of Civil War sat perched like a vulture awaiting the outcome of the election. The South threatened to break away from the Union if the election did not go their way, but President James Buchanan chose to leave the problem to his successor.

    Selection Issues
    The voters, in 1860, had four major candidates from which to choose on the ballot.

    • The Constitutional Union Party, an off-shoot of the old Whig Party, nominated the first candidate, John Bell, of Tennessee.
    • The Democratic Party was deeply split by the slavery question and the northern Democrats fielded Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois, as their candidate.
    • The southern Democrats nominated John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky.
    • The Republican Party, on the third ballot, finally decided on Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, as their standard bearer.

    Platforms
    Bell's campaign was based on the idea of maintaining the Constitution and the Union. Breckinridge called for a congressional slave code for the territories, and Douglas argued that each territory should be allowed to decide whether or not it desired the institution of slavery. The Republicans were against any further expansion of slavery. Lincoln and Douglas ran energetic campaigns, but Breckinridge and Bell did not.

    Election Results and Civil War
    The Election of 1860 was historical because of Lincoln's anti-slavery stance.

    • Lincoln was elected president with only 39.8 percent of the popular vote, but collected 180 electoral votes.
    • Douglas received 29.5 percent of the popular vote, but only 12 electoral votes.
    • Breckinridge won 72 electoral votes with only 18.1 percent of the popular vote.
    • Bell gathered 39 electoral votes with only 12.6 percent of the popular vote.
    • A few months later the United States erupted into a deadly civil war, and the southern Confederacy selected Jefferson Davis as its president.

    Additional Info
    Owner:
    bruceyrock632 - Anyone can contribute
    Created:
    6/7/2015
    Modified:
    6/10/2015
    View count:
    166 (recently viewed: 7)