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11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment
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The regiment is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg.
The independent companies that would become the regiment were ordered to Corinth.
The regiment was formed in Corinth under Colonel William H. Moore and Lieutenant Colonel Philip F. Liddell
Sent to Virginia
Mustered into Confederate service in Lynchburg.
Arrived in Harpers Ferry, Virginia
Withdrew from Harpers Ferry to Winchester with Johnston's Army
General Bernard Bee took command of the brigade.
Ordered to support Beauregard at Manassas. The sick were left at Winchester and the regiment marched through Ashby's Gap to Piedmont. Companies A and F under Lieutenant Colonel Liddell boarded a train for Manassas with the 2nd Mississippi.
Companies A and F arrived at Manassas about noon. They accompanied the 2nd Mississippi and were put in a suporting position behind McLean's and Blackburn's Fords on Bull Run.
The rest of the regiment under Colonel Moore boarded the train that had been sent back from MAnassas. It would not reach the battlefield in time for the battle.
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Companies A and F under Lieutenant Colonel Liddell were sent along with Bee's Brigade to reinforce the endangered left flank. They arrived at the scene of the fighting around 11, crossing Young's Branch and forming a defensive line that was supported by two batteries. Under heavy small arms and artillery fire that mortally wounded General Bee, the companies fell back with heavy losses and reformed behind Jackson's Brigade. They then joined Jackson in the attack on the Union batteries. The two companies lost 7 men killed and 21 wounded.
Colonel Moore accidentally shot himself in the foot with his pistol. He returned to Missippi to recover, and later resigned. Lt. Colonel Liddell would be promoted to colonel. After Moore recovered from his wound he went on to command the 43rd Mississippi and would be killed at the Battle of Corinth.
General William Whiting took over the brigade after General Bee died of his Manassas wound.
The regiment was presented with Confederate colors.
The regiment went into winter camp with the Second Mississippi at Dumfires.
Moved to Fredericksburg.
Moved to Yorktown. The regiment reorganized and renenlisted for the duration of the war, electing Liddell as colonel.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks.
The regiment supported the Third Alabama in its attack on the 52nd New York, then moved to the front line, taking heavy casualties.
end of June
Returned to the Richmond area
Battle of Mechanicsville
Marched from Ashland and rebuilt the bridge over the Totopotomoy but was ordered to bivouac and never joined the battle.
Battle of Gaines's Mill
The regiment, with the rest of Law's Brigade and Hood's Brigade, charged and broke the center of the Federal line. It lost 18 men killed, 142 wounded, and 3 missing out of the 400 men engaged.
Battle of Malvern Hill
The regiment took no active part but lost 1 man killed and 20 wounded from artillery fire.
The regiment with Whiting's Division was transferred to Longstreet's Command.
General Whiting on medical leave. Brigadier General John B. Hood took over command of the division.
Moved to Freeman's Ford on the Rappahannock.
Moved through Thorofare Gap
Second Battle of Manassas
The regiment lost 22 killed and 87 wounded.
Battle of South Mountain
Marched from Hagerstown to Turner's Gap along the National Road, arriving around 3 p.m. Launched a bayonet attack to turn back Federal troops who were forcing the pass.
Withdrew to a position behind Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg. Hood's Division acted as the rearguard for the army.
Positioned near the Dunker Church. Threw back an enemy advance at dusk along the Smoketown Road. Colonel Lidell was mortally wounded. Lt. Colonel Samuel F. Butler took command of the regiment.
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)
Attacked at dawn by Hooker's Federal First Corps, Hood's Division counterattacked in the Cornfield. General Hood wrote, "I soon became engaged with an immense force of the enemy, consisting of not less than two corps of their army. It was here that I witnessed the most terrible clash of arms, by far, that has occurred during the war. The two little giant brigades of this division wrestled with this mighty force, losing hundreds of their gallant officers and men, but driving the enemy from his position and forcing him to abandon his guns on our left."
The regiment lost 8 men killed and 96 wounded out of around 200 men. Lt. Colonel Butler was mortally wounded and Major Taliaferro F. Evans was killed when he took command from Butler. The color bearer was killed and the regimental colors lost.
The regiment, along with the 2nd Mississippi, was detatched from Law's Brigade and sent to Richmond and later North Carolina to be the nucleus for a new brigade under Brigadier General Joseph Davis.
The regiment and its brigade joined Longstreet for the Suffolk Campaign.
The regiment, with Longstreet's command, returned to Lee's army on the Rappahannock, but too late to take part in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Moved to Fredericksburg and attached to Archer's Brigade of Heth's Division in the newly created Third Corps.
Began the march for the Shenandoah Valley which led to Pennsylvania.
Crossed the Potomac at Shepherdstown
Camped near Cashtown
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was assigned to guard the baggage trains on July 1 and missing the opening fighting of the battle. It rejoined the brigade on the 2nd, but Davis' Brigade was held in reserve due to its heavy casualties the day before. On the 3rd the brigade took part in Pickett's Charge. The 11th was the left flank regiment in the brigade.
Brickenbrough's Brigade, the left flank brigade of the charge, took heavy fire from its front and flank and collapsed well short of the Union lines, leaving the 11th Misssippi the exposed left flank regiment for the remainder of the charge. The regiment's colors and a handful of men made it to the stone wall that was the Union defensive line and were killed or captured there. Company A, the University Greys, was completely wiped out.
From the regimental monument at Gettysburg:
The 11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment, under the command of Col. Francis M. Green and Maj. Reuben O. Reynolds, formed west of the tree line on Seminary Ridge behind Maj. William Pegram's Battalion of Artillery and immediately south of McMillan's Woods on July 3, 1863. Shortly after 3:00 p.m., Color Sgt. William O'Brien of Company C, memorialized on this monument, raised the colors and the regiment stepped forward. Although clusters of men reached the stone wall near Brian's Barn, the attack was driven back with heavy loss, and the remnants of the regiment reformed in this vicinity.
Combatants - 393, Killed in action/died of wounds - 110, Wounded/wounded captured - 193, Captured unwounded - 37, Non-casualty - 53
11th Mississippi Regiment
Company A - University Greys
Layfayette County - 1st Lt. Jonathan V. Moore
Company B - Coahoma Invincibles
Coahoma County - Capt. William D. Nunn
Company C - Prairie Rifles
Chickasaw County - Capt. George W. Shannon
Company D - Neshoba Rifles
Neshoba County - Capt. Jonathan R. Prince
Company E - Prairie Guards
Lowndes County - Capt. Henry P. Halpert
Company F - Noxubee Rifles
Noxubee County - Capt. Thomas J. Stokes
Company G - Lamar Rifles
Lafayette County - Capt. William O. Nelms
Company H - Chickasaw Guards
Chickasaw County - Capt. Jamison H. Moore
Company I - Van Dorn Reserve
Monroe County - Capt. Stephen C. Moore
Company K - Carroll County Rifles
Carroll County - Capt. George W. Bird, Jr.
Battle of Falling Waters
Serving with the rest of Heth's Division (temporarily under General Pettigrew since Heth's wound on July 1) as rear guard for Lee's Army while rcrossing the Potomac, the regiment fought off an attack by Union Cavalry, losing 9 men.
The regiment lost 4 men wounded
Mine Run Campaign
Wintered in camp near Orange Court House
General Davis was absent on sick leave as Grant opened the 1864 campaign. Colonel Stone took command of the brigade as senior colonel, and Captain J.H. Buchanan commanded the regiment.
Battle of the Wilderness (First Day)
Moved up the Orange Plank Road to meet Federal forces moving through the wilderness. The regiment was on the left of Heth's Division, north of the Plank Road, and held off a series of attacks by Hancock's Federal Second Corps. The brigade was relieved at dusk by Thomas' Brigade of Wilcox's Division and moved south of the Plank Road.
Battle of the Wilderness (Second Day)
The Federal pre-dawn attack broke the Confederate line but the 2nd, 11th, 29th and 42nd Mississippi held the line for two hours until Longstreet's reinforcements reached the battlefield and launched a counterattack. The brigade reformed and attacked when Longstreet was wounded and his attack stalled. It pushed back Federals threatening an Alabama brigade, then built and defended a log barricade until withdrawn to Lee's defensive line.
Battle of Talley's Mill, or Po River
Colonel Francis Green was mortally wounded, and Major Reuben O. Reynolds took command of the regiment.
Battle of Spottsylvania
The regiment was only lightly engaged as skirmishers. Casualties for the regiment for the first two weeks in May were 14 killed, 55 wounded and 6 missing.
Battle of North Anna
Battle of Cold Harbor (Bethesda Church)
The regiment lost 6 killed, 31 wounded and 4 missing.
Siege of Petersburg
The regiment remained north of the Jame River with the rest of the Third Corps until Lee established that Grant really had shifted his entire army to Petersburg.
Battle of Weldon Railroad, or Globe Tavern
The regiment took part in a counterattack which broke two Federal brigades, then dug in and held the ground gained. It lost 10 men killed and 30 wounded.
Battle of Peeble's Farm
The regiment fought along Squirrel Level Road
Squirrel Level Road (Jones' Farm)
In a raging downpour Heth launched a number of uncoordinated attacks against what he mistakenly thought was a hanging Federal flank. The attacks were beaten back by the well entrenched Federals. The regiment lost 1 killed, 3 wounded and 1 missing.
Battle of Boyden Plank Road, or Burgess' Mill
Major Reynolds promoted to colonel
Colonel Reynolds was wounded at the skirmish at Hawks Farm, losing his right arm, and Captain Nelms was badly wounded. Lieutenant Colonel George Shannon took command of the regiment, which had started the battle with 64 men.
The regiment mustered 64 men.
Battle of Hatcher's Run
The regiment was flanked on both flanks and retreated to Hatcher's Run, which was unfordable. Most of the regiment was forced to surrender although some escaped by swimming the dangerously swollen waters. Color bearer Frank Hope tore the colors to pieces and threw the staff into the stream.