Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Army 1
Captain 2
1826 2
Bridgeport Fairfield County CT 2
05 Jun 1881 2
Bridgeport Fairfield County CT 2

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Personal Details

Full Name:
John William Sterling 2
Full Name:
John Sterling 1
1826 2
Bridgeport Fairfield County CT 2
05 Jun 1881 2
Bridgeport Fairfield County CT 2

Civil War (Union) 1

Army 1
Captain 2
Enlistment Date:
09 Jul 1862 1

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  1. Army Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632


2nd Connecticut
Light Battery "Sterling's Battery"


The monument to the Second Connecticut Battery is south of Gettysburg on Hancock Avenue. (39.80375° N, 77.2346° W; map)


About the monument

The granite monument to the 2nd Connecticut Battery stands 4' 9" tall. The front has a relief of the Coat of Arms of the State of Connecitcut, and the two sides a relief of crossed cannon barrels and crossed rammers over a pile of cannon balls. The monument was dedicated on July 3, 1889 by the State of Connecticut.


The 2nd Connecticut Battery at Gettysburg

The battery's commander at the Battle of Gettysburg was Captain John William Sterling, a Bridgeport merchant. It brought 106 men to the field, of whom three were wounded and two missing.


The Second Battery was armed with four 14-pounder James Rifles and two 12-pounder howitzers, the only Federal battery to be armed with either type of piece at Gettysburg. It was assigned to the 2nd Volunteer Brigade of the Army Artillery Reserve.

2nd Connecticut Light Battery

The 2nd Connecticut Light Battery lost 2 enlisted men killed - neither in battle - and 19 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


 The battery is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.


July - 
September 10

Organized at Bridgeport under the command of Captain John William Sterling

October 15

Left State for Washington, D.C. marching to New York City and then traveling by rail. Went into camp at Bladensburg Toll Gate.

December 12

Marched to Fairfax Court House and attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington and duty at Camp Barry, Defenses of Washington



Near Wolf Run Shoals, Va., where four men died of disease.


Assigned to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington


Artillery Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Corps

June 25

Assigned to 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve Army Potomac at Edwards Ferry

July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The battery brought 106 men to the battle, of whom three were slightly wounded and two missing. Three horses were killed and one caisson exploded by an Confederate shell. It was armed with four 6-pounder James Rifles and two 12-pounder howitzers

July 5

Moved to Frederick

July 18

Moved to Camp Berry, Washington, D.C.


Artillery Dept. of the East

August 15

Moved to New York City and into camp at City Hall Park. Detachments served at East New York, Albany, Kingston, Tarrytown and Troy.

October 12

Moved to Washington; Camp Barry, Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps


January 24

Moved to Baltimore

January 27

Embarked on steamship Arago for New Orleans, La., then to Brashear City


Defenses of New Orleans, La., Dept. of the Gulf

June 17

At Algiers; Artillery 4th Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, then Defenses of New Orleans, Dept. Gulf

July 31

Expedition to Mobile Bay; Unattached artillery 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf

August 2-8

Operations against Fort Gaines

August 9-23

Operations against Fort Morgan

August 24

Duty at Fort Gaines

September 8

Moved to Algiers

September 19

Moved to New Orleans

November 13

Moved to mouth of White River, Ark.,


Artillery Reserve Corps Military Division West Mississippi



Moved to to Barrancas, Fla.; Artillery 2nd Division, Reserve Corps;


Moved to Kennerville, La.; Artillery 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, Military Division West Mississippi

March 11-April 1

Expedition to Fort Blakely, Mobile Bay

March 27

Occupation of Canoe Station

April 1-9

Siege of Fort Blakely

April 9

Assault on and capture of Fort Blakely

April 12

Occupation of Mobile

April - July

Duty at Mobile and Selma, Ala.

July 13

Moved to New Orleans, then to New Haven, Conn.

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