Arnold McPike

Arnold McPike

World War II · US Marine Corps · Gunnery Sergeant


    Arnold C., age 57 years, of 1856 Kent-Ravenna Rd., passed away June 28 at Green Cross Hospital. Survived by his wife, Evelyn L.; one son, Thomas A.; daughter, Sandra Eileen, both at home; three brothers, Arthur E. of Kent, Charles E. of Mansfield; Floyd J. in Florida. Funeral services Wednesday 1:30 P.M. at Bissler's Funeral Home, Kent, where friends may call Tuesday afternoon and evening. Rev. Clifford B. Thomas officiating. Burial Standing Rock Cemetary. ( S. C. Bissler & Sons, Inc., Kent)



    McPIKE, ARNOLD C. 3368129, White, 100 Summit St., Kent, Ohio

    RA Columbus Bks, O. July 12/18. Br Kent, O. 18 2/12 yrs. Tr F 312 Cav to disch. Pvt. Hon disch
    Jan 9/19.


    28 JUL 25 TO 10 AUG 29


    11 AUG 29 TO 24 OCT 29]


    26 OCT 29 TO 02 MAY 46 Was accepted for reenlistment at Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. (VIEQUES Island is less than 10 miles off the east coast of Puerto Rico and is an easy flight from San Juan, Puerto Rico.) Transferred to the inactive status.

    The U.S. Navy, which used Vieques as a bombing range for 60 years until 2003, is largely responsible for maintaining the island's low profile. The armed forces moved in during the early days of World War II, erecting chain link fences topped with razor wire that rendered two-thirds of the island off-limits. Though the Navy shelled only a small portion of Vieques a few times a year, travel agents apparently didn't consider a live-fire training facility a prime vacation destination. So for decades, only adventurous tourists ventured here to discover the sugary white beaches lapped by clear aquamarine waters, and the laid-back lifestyle of the 9,000 or so primarily Spanish-speaking residents who occupied the remaining one-third of the island.

    In 2003, following years of protests against the Navy's presence, the boys in blue withdrew. Now Vieques has become a buzzword among travelers looking for the next "undiscovered" frontier.

    Most of the Navy's former holdings have been turned over to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, meaning that the majority of the island will remain undeveloped. This translates to thousands of acres of undulating hills where horses roam free and miles of beaches with no buildings of any kind, save for a few small picnic gazebos nestled beneath the palms.

    Per the U.S.M.C. Enlisted Man's Qualification Card Arnold McPike left the U.S. on 6 Jun 45 and returned U.S. 23 Feb 46. Per his wife, Evelyn McPike, he traveled to Saipan and Tinian for a total of 8 months 18 days overseas.

    Plans for Saipan's assault were scheduled for June
    15, 1944 almost one week after the invasion of Europe.
    An armada of 535 ships carrying 127,570 U. S. military personnel
    of which 2/3 were Marines of the 2nd and 4th Divisions converged on
    Saipan. The ships of the invasion force carried 40,000 different items
    to support the assault- everything from toilet paper to government
    issued coffins. A single supply ship carried enough food to feed 90,000
    troops for one month. Navy tankers transported the petroleum products
    which permitted aircraft to consume 8 million gallons of avgas. The
    aircraft carriers alone burned 4 1/2 million barrels of fuel.
    Seven American battleships and 11 destroyers shelled Saipan and
    Tinian for 2 days before the landings and fired 15,000 16 and 5 inch
    shells at the islands along with 165,000 other shells of different
    caliber. On the second day this force was joined by 8 more battleships,
    6 heavy cruisers and 5 light cruisers. The islands were ringed by
    American warships with their guns blazing.

    Tinian, once a somnolent, obscure, little-known island within the
    Marianas chain, has the somber distinction of being forever linked to
    the destruction of Hiroshima and the death of 80,000 people in the flash
    of an instant. Leaflets had been dropped by the Americans two days
    before the bomb was detonated warning the people to evacuate the city
    as a heavy attack from the air was imminent. Sixty percent of the city
    was destroyed when an uranium fission weapon with a yield equivalent to
    13,000 tons of T.N.T. (equal to 650 conventional "block buster" bombs
    each filled with 20 tons of T.N.T.) was dropped from the American B-29,
    Enola Gay based at Tinian.

    Timeline of Events:
    June 9, 1945 - Japanese Premier Suzuki announces Japan will fight to the very end rather than accept unconditional surrender.
    June 18, 1945 - Japanese resistance ends on Mindanao in the Philippines.
    June 22, 1945 - Japanese resistance ends on Okinawa as the U.S. Tenth Army completes its capture.
    June 28, 1945 - MacArthur's headquarters announces the end of all Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
    July 5, 1945 - Liberation of Philippines declared.
    July 10, 1945 - 1,000 bomber raids against Japan begin.
    July 14, 1945 - The first U.S. Naval bombardment of Japanese home islands.
    July 16, 1945 - First Atomic Bomb is successfully tested in the U.S.
    July 26, 1945 - Components of the Atomic Bomb "Little Boy" are unloaded at Tinian Island in the South Pacific.
    July 29, 1945 - A Japanese submarine sinks the Cruiser INDIANAPOLIS resulting in the loss of 881 crewmen. The ship sinks before a radio message can be sent out leaving survivors adrift for two days.
    August 6, 1945 - First Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima from a B-29 flown by Col. Paul Tibbets.
    August 8, 1945 - U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan then invades Manchuria.
    August 9, 1945 - Second Atomic Bomb is dropped on Nagasaki from a B-29 flown by Maj. Charles Sweeney -- Emperor Hirohito and Japanese Prime Minister Suzuki then decide to seek an immediate peace with the Allies.
    August 14, 1945 - Japanese accept unconditional surrender; Gen. MacArthur is appointed to head the occupation forces in Japan.
    August 16, 1945 - Gen. Wainwright, a POW since May 6, 1942, is released from a POW camp in Manchuria.
    August 27, 1945 - B-29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.
    August 29, 1945 - The Soviets shoot down a B-29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea; U.S. Troops land near Tokyo to begin the occupation of Japan.
    August 30, 1945 - The British reoccupy Hong Kong.
    September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead; President Truman declares VJ Day.

    July 28, 1925

    Kittery (AK-2) was launched as the German transport, Praesident, 30 November 1905, by G. Seebach Co., Bremer-haven, Germany. Owned by the Hamburg-American Line, Praesident operated throughout the waters of the West Indies and the Caribbean. After the outbreak of World War I, she was suspected of supplying German cruisers in the Leward Islands. Following several harrowing cruises, during which she narrowly avoided capture by English and French ships, she entered the port of San Juan, P.R., early in 1915 and was interned with two other German merchantmen. After the United States entered the war in April 1917, she was taken over 14 May by the U.S. Navy. Praesident sailed to the United States escorted by Han-cook (AP-3) and was refitted for naval service. She commissioned as Kittery 6 July at Philadelphia, Lt. Comdr. Charles Geddes, USNRF, in command.

    Assigned to cargo and troop transport duty between the United States and the West Indies, Kittery departed Philadelphia 18 July. Operating out of Charleston, S.C., she made monthly trips during the remainder of the war to supply American forces. After the war she continued her cargo service from Charleston and Norfolk for more than 15 years, making scores of runs to West Indian ports. Following a final trip to Guantanamo, Port-au-Prince, and Cape Haiten, she arrived Norfolk 21 December 1932. She proceeded to Philadelphia 28 January 1933, arriving the 30th. Kittery decommissioned 5 April, and her name was struck from the Navy List 11 April, 1933. Transferred to the USSB 26 June 1933, she was scrapped in 1937.

    Mcpike Arnold Cortelyou -- [Date of Birth] 05/14/1900, [Service Number] 000200491, [Date of Enlistment] 07/28/1925

    ARC Identifier 2462990 / Local Identifier MC23056036

    Textual Records from the Department of Defense. Department of the Navy. U.S. Marine Corps. Personnel Management Division. (ca. 1947 - )

    NARA's National Personnel Records Center (Archival Operations Branch), St. Louis, MO

    File Unit from Record Group 127: Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 - 9999

    The 1940 Marine Corps Manual stated in Section 1, Article 58 that identification tags will be used "in time of war or national emergency and at other times when directed by competent authority." During this period, the below information was stamped onto oval shaped monel identification tags: (a) Name (b) Officer's rank or man's service number. Approximately three spaces to the right of rank or service number, indicate religion by "P", "C", or "H", for Protestant, Catholic, or Hebrew. If no religion is indicated this space will be left blank. (c) Type of blood; and if the man has received tetanus toxiod, the letter "T" with the date (T-8/40) to so indicate. (d) At one end of the tag the letters "USMC" or "USMCR", as may be appropriate.