John Henry Alley was born Nov. 27, 1829, in Alabama. His parents were Henry and Martha B. (Isham) Alley.
John H. Alley is listed in the 1860 Milam Co. Census as living with the Robert and Freelove (Cornutt) Stewart family as a laborer, and he is listed as having $400 personal estate. Very shortly after this census was taken, John married Mary Elizabeth Stewart, who was his employer’s daughter, on July 12, 1860 in Milam Co. The Alleys had three children: Martha Bowlin Euzene “Mattie” Alley, who married John Wesley Lantrip; Sarah Freelove “Susie” Alley; who married Thomas B. Fowler; and Robert Henry Alley, who died in infancy.
Not long after the Alleys’ marriage, the War Between the States began, and John H. Alley enlisted in the Milam Co. Gurards on May 4, 1861 as a Private. While serving in the Guards, John Alley was evidently promoted to Sergeant. In Sept. of 1861, he enlisted with that rank in the newly formed Co. E, 4th Texas Cavalry regiment, according to National Archives data. This unit was also known as Sibley’s brigade.
As part of this unit, John would have seen combat in New Mexico, at the Battles of Valverde and Glorieta Pass. He would also have fought in numerous conflicts in Louisiana, including Cox’s Pantation and Bayou Bourbeau. John remained in this regiment until the close of the Civil War. He came home from the war a sickly man, and died on Feb. 23, 1869. John H. Alley is buried in Pin Oak Cemetery in Milam Co., near Milano, Texas.