Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Civil War (Confederate) · Confederate Army · General

One of the senior-ranking Confederate generals of the Civil War.

Mexican-American War (1846 - 1848)
Branch

Army

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Battles

Battle of Cerro Gordo, Battle of Chapultepec

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Rank

Brevet colonel of volunteers

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Conflict Period

Mexican-American War

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Served For

United States of America

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Civil War (Confederate) (1861 - 1865)
Service Start Date

1861

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Rank

General

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Conflict Period

Civil War (Confederate)

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Service End Date

1865

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Battles

First Battle of Bull Run, Peninsula Campaign, Vicksburg Campaign, Atlanta Campaign, Battle of Bentonville

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Commands held

Army of the Shenandoah; Army of Northern Virginia; Department of the West; Army of Tennessee; Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida; Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

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Branch

Confederate Army

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Served For

United States of America

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Other Service
Branch

Army

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Conflict Period

Other Service

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Service Start Date

1829

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Service End Date

1861

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Rank

Brigadier General

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Served For

United States of America

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Stories about Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Johnston & Sherman

    The armies of Union general William T. Sherman and Confederate Joseph E. Johnston battled each other time and time again throughout the Atlanta and Carolinas campaigns in 1864 and ’65. But the two men never met in person until 17 April 1865, when, a week after Lee’s surrender to Grant, Johnston decided to surrender almost 90,000 of his and other Confederate troops to Sherman, the largest surrender of the war.

    The two men met three times during the surrender negotiations. Johnston convinced Sherman to try to end the war once and for all by negotiating both military and civil terms. But the document Sherman drew up was rejected by President Johnson and his cabinet, who felt the proposed terms were too lenient with the South, and they insisted that Sherman give Johnston the same terms that Grant gave Lee and not concern himself with civil matters. Sherman wasn’t surprised by the cabinet’s rejection of the proposed terms, and Johnston—ignoring a suggestion from the Confederate secretary of war to fall back with his troops to Georgia—agreed to the Grant-Lee terms, which admittedly were already fairly generous. Sherman also gave Johnston 10 days’ worth of rations for 25,000 men, and the two generals left with a high opinion of each other.

    Johnston never forgot Sherman’s generosity, and the two cultivated a friendship after the war. When Sherman died in 1891, Johnston, then 84 years old, attended his funeral as a pallbearer. It was a cold February day, but when Johnston was told he should put on his hat so he didn’t catch cold, Johnston replied, “If I were in [Sherman's] place, and he were standing in mine, he would not put on his hat.” Johnston consequently caught a cold at the funeral, which turned into pneumonia, and he died a month later.

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    Additional Info
    Owner:
    fold3_content - Anyone can contribute
    Created:
    10/25/2013
    Modified:
    7/31/2016
    View count:
    689 (recently viewed: 13)