Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Army 1
03 Jul 1863 2
Gettysburg PA 2

Related Pages

View more similar pages

Pictures & Records (6)

Add Show More

Personal Details

Full Name:
Charles Cowley 1
Cause: Killed during the Battle Of Gettysburg 2
03 Jul 1863 2
Gettysburg PA 2

Civil War (Union) 1

Army 1
H,B 1
Discharge Rank:
Pvt 1
Enlistment Rank:
Pvt 1
Military Unit:
1st Cavalry 1
Vermont 1

Looking for more information about Charles Cowley?

Search through millions of records to find out more.


  1. Civil War Service Index - Union - Vermont [See image]
  2. Contributed by bruceyrock632


The First Vermont Cavalry Regiment lost 10 officers and 124 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 officers and 200 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


It is honored by monuments at Gettysburg. From the main monument: "Took part in the battles of Gettysburg, Wilderness, Yellow Tavern, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Waynesboro, Five Forks, Appomattox Station and 67 other battles and engagements. Aggregate 2297 officers and men. Killed and mortally wounded in action 102; died of disease and by accidents 123; died in Confederate prisons 172, - total 397. Total wounded in action 275."



Organized at Burlington

November 19

Mustered in

December 14

Left State for Washington, D.C.

December 25

Moved to Annapolis, Md. and duty there


March 9-10

Moved to Washington, D. C. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac

March 12-13

To Rockville, Md., and Edward's Ferry. Attached to Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 28

Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

April 1

To Middletown

April 16

Advance up the Valley

April 17

Mt. Jackson

April 27

McGaheysville (Companies A, D and K)

May 7

Somerville Heights (Company B)

May 15-June 17

Operations in Shenandoah Valley

May 24


May 25


May 25-26

Retreat to Williamsport

June 18-19

Near Winchester; attached to Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia

June 29-30

Reconnaissance from Front Royal to Luray

June 30

Luray Court House

July 12

Culpeper Court House

July 17


August 2 and 13

Orange Court House

August 16-September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 21

Kelly's Ford

September 1

Liberty Bridge; attached to Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defenses of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps

September 5

Aquia Creek

September 15

Conrad's Ferry

September 21

Orange Court House

September 22

Ashby's Gap

September 29

Company L organized at St. Albans


Duty in the Defenses of Washington

November 8


December 28


December 30

Company M organized at Burlington


January 9

Fairfax Court House

February 6, 9, 13 and 14


February 16

Goose Creek

February 19


March 2


March 17

Herndon Station

April 1

Broad Run, Dranesville

May 11, 23 and 31



Attached to 3rd Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps

May 30

Near Greenwich


Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

June 30

Littleton and Hanover, Pa.

July 2


July 3


The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Addison W. Preston. It brought 687 men to the field, losing 13 killed, 25 wounded and 27 missing.


From the Slyder Field monument: "In the Gettysburg campaign this regiment fought Stuart's Cavalry at Hanover, Pa. June 3d, and at Hunterstown July 2d; and on this field July 3, led by Gen. Elon J. Farnsworth, who fell near this spot, charged through the First Texas Infantry and to the line of Law's Brigade, receiving the fire of five Confederate regiments and two batteries, and losing 67 men."


From the monument on Confederate Avenue: "At 5 p.m. July 3 the 2nd Battalion 1st Vermont Cavalry led by Major William Wells, General Farnsworth commanding the brigade riding by his side crossed Plum Run near this point charging over stone walls amid rocks and through woods till they encountered five regiments of Law's Confederate Brigade near the spot where the regimental monument stands."


"The 1st Battalion and part of the 3rd Lt. Col. A.W. Preston commanding were ordered to the lane and struck Law's Brigade in the flank. The onset was terrific sabres and bayonets revolvers and muskets being freely used after a struggle the hill was carried by the 1st Vermont and the prisoners captured sent to the rear."


"The three battalions united soon came under the fire of the 4th Alabama Infantry and presently of the 9th Georgia Infantry finding no exit to the south they turned to the east and charged the 15th Alabama Infantry which answered a summons to surrender by a destructive musketry fire. Those unhurt escaping mostly to the south."


"This memorial signalizes the valor of the officers and the men of the First Vermont Cavalry who here paid to the nation the uttermost tribute of devotion."

July 4

Monterey Gap

July 5

Smithburg, Md.,

July 6


July 8


July 11-13


July 14

Falling Water


Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac

August 25

King George Court House

September 1

Lamb's Creek Church

September 1-3

Expedition to Port Conway

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

September 13

Culpeper Court House

September 14

Somerville Ford

September 21-23

Reconnaissance across the Rapidan

September 26

Richard's Ford

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 10

James City and Bethesda Church

October 11

Brandy Station and near Culpeper

October 14 and 19


October 17-18


October 19

Catlett's Station and Buckland's Mills

November 4


November 7-8

Advance to the Rappahannock

November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

November 26

Morton's Ford

November 26-27

Raccoon Ford


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

February 28-
March 4

Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond

March 1

Fortifications of Richmond and near Atlee's

March 2

Old Church


Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 4

Near Chancellorsville

May 5

Craig's Meeting House

May 5-7

Wilderness (Company M)

May 5-6 & May 7-8

Todd's Tavern

May 8

Alsop's Farm, Spotsylvania

May 9-24

Sheridan's Raid from Todd's Tavern to James River

May 9

North Anna River

May 11

Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern

May 12

Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications

May 26-28

Line of the Pamunkey

May 27

Demonstration on Little River

May 27

Salem Church

May 28-31

On line of the Totopotomoy

May 30


May 31

Mechump's Creek

May 31-June 1

Cold Harbor

June 1


June 2

Gaines' Mill and Totopotomoy

June 3

Haw's Shop

June 3

Sumner's Upper Bridge

June 4

Salem Church

June 12

White Oak Swamp

June 13

Riddell's Shop

June 15

Malvern Hill

June 22-30

Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad

June 22

Ream's Station

June 23

Near Nottaway Court House

June 23

Black and White Station

June 25

Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station

June 28-29

Sappony Church or Stony Creek

June 29

Ream's Station


Siege of Petersburg

August 7-
November 28

Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign

August 17


August 25


September 7

Near Brucetown and Winchester

September 20

Battle of Opequan and Near Cedarville

September 21

Front Royal

September 22


September 22

Fisher's Hill

September 29


October 7

Columbia Furnace and Back Road, near Strasburg

October 8-9

Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races"

October 9

Mount Olive

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

November 10

Near Kernstown

November 12

Newtown and Cedar Creek

November 22

Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson

December 19-22

Expedition to Lacy Springs

December 21

Lacy Springs


February 27-
March 25

Sheridan's Raid

March 2


March 2

Occupation of Staunton

March 3

Occupation of Charlottesville

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 30-31

Dinwiddie Court House

April 1

Five Forks

April 2

Scott's Corners

April 3

Namozine Church

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 8

Appomattox Station

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 24-29

Expedition to Danville

May 10-15

March to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand Review

June to August

Frontier duty at Champlain, N.Y.

November 18

Non-Veterans mustered out

August 9

Regiment mustered out

About this Memorial Page