The First Vermont Cavalry Regiment lost 10 officers and 124 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 officers and 200 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.
It is honored by monuments at Gettysburg. From the main monument: "Took part in the battles of Gettysburg, Wilderness, Yellow Tavern, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Waynesboro, Five Forks, Appomattox Station and 67 other battles and engagements. Aggregate 2297 officers and men. Killed and mortally wounded in action 102; died of disease and by accidents 123; died in Confederate prisons 172, - total 397. Total wounded in action 275."
Organized at Burlington
Left State for Washington, D.C.
Moved to Annapolis, Md. and duty there
Moved to Washington, D. C. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac
To Rockville, Md., and Edward's Ferry. Attached to Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va.
Advance up the Valley
McGaheysville (Companies A, D and K)
Somerville Heights (Company B)
May 15-June 17
Operations in Shenandoah Valley
Retreat to Williamsport
Near Winchester; attached to Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
Reconnaissance from Front Royal to Luray
Luray Court House
Culpeper Court House
August 2 and 13
Orange Court House
August 16-September 2
Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia
Fords of the Rappahannock
Liberty Bridge; attached to Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defenses of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps
Orange Court House
Company L organized at St. Albans
Duty in the Defenses of Washington
Company M organized at Burlington
Fairfax Court House
February 6, 9, 13 and 14
Broad Run, Dranesville
May 11, 23 and 31
Littleton and Hanover, Pa.
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Addison W. Preston. It brought 687 men to the field, losing 13 killed, 25 wounded and 27 missing.
From the Slyder Field monument: "In the Gettysburg campaign this regiment fought Stuart's Cavalry at Hanover, Pa. June 3d, and at Hunterstown July 2d; and on this field July 3, led by Gen. Elon J. Farnsworth, who fell near this spot, charged through the First Texas Infantry and to the line of Law's Brigade, receiving the fire of five Confederate regiments and two batteries, and losing 67 men."
From the monument on Confederate Avenue: "At 5 p.m. July 3 the 2nd Battalion 1st Vermont Cavalry led by Major William Wells, General Farnsworth commanding the brigade riding by his side crossed Plum Run near this point charging over stone walls amid rocks and through woods till they encountered five regiments of Law's Confederate Brigade near the spot where the regimental monument stands."
"The 1st Battalion and part of the 3rd Lt. Col. A.W. Preston commanding were ordered to the lane and struck Law's Brigade in the flank. The onset was terrific sabres and bayonets revolvers and muskets being freely used after a struggle the hill was carried by the 1st Vermont and the prisoners captured sent to the rear."
"The three battalions united soon came under the fire of the 4th Alabama Infantry and presently of the 9th Georgia Infantry finding no exit to the south they turned to the east and charged the 15th Alabama Infantry which answered a summons to surrender by a destructive musketry fire. Those unhurt escaping mostly to the south."
"This memorial signalizes the valor of the officers and the men of the First Vermont Cavalry who here paid to the nation the uttermost tribute of devotion."
King George Court House
Lamb's Creek Church
Expedition to Port Conway
Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
Culpeper Court House
Reconnaissance across the Rapidan
James City and Bethesda Church
Brandy Station and near Culpeper
October 14 and 19
Catlett's Station and Buckland's Mills
Advance to the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign
Demonstration on the Rapidan
Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond
Fortifications of Richmond and near Atlee's
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
Craig's Meeting House
Wilderness (Company M)
May 5-6 & May 7-8
Alsop's Farm, Spotsylvania
Sheridan's Raid from Todd's Tavern to James River
North Anna River
Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern
Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications
Line of the Pamunkey
Demonstration on Little River
On line of the Totopotomoy
May 31-June 1
Gaines' Mill and Totopotomoy
Sumner's Upper Bridge
White Oak Swamp
Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad
Near Nottaway Court House
Black and White Station
Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station
Sappony Church or Stony Creek
Siege of Petersburg
Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Near Brucetown and Winchester
Battle of Opequan and Near Cedarville
Columbia Furnace and Back Road, near Strasburg
Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races"
Battle of Cedar Creek
Newtown and Cedar Creek
Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson
Expedition to Lacy Springs
Occupation of Staunton
Occupation of Charlottesville
March 28-April 9
Dinwiddie Court House
Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
Expedition to Danville
March to Washington, D.C.
June to August
Frontier duty at Champlain, N.Y.
Non-Veterans mustered out
Regiment mustered out