Jasper A Maltby

Jasper A Maltby

Civil War (Union) · US Army
Civil War (Union) (1861 - 1865)


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45th Infantry

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Conflict Period

Civil War (Union)

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Served For

United States of America

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Stories about Jasper A Maltby


    Untimely Death of James W. Scott Delays a Story of His Bravery. On the eve of the departure of James W. Scott for New York, just prior to his death, he had decided upon what wee probably his last plan for the publication of an article in his newspaper. It was a plan for the doing of honor to the memories of some gallant Galena soldiers whose acts of heroism during the war were such that Mr. Scott as a fellow-townsman did not wish their remembrance to lapse. A man now living in Iowa was to publish a history of Galena's eoldicrs wad Mr. Scott was to give individual sketches in his Chicago publication. Justpefore leaving for the train on what was to be his last journey Mr. Scott had an interview with Mrs. Malvina A. Maitby, No. 3t38 Ontario street, and asked her to have some one prepare a sketch of the war services of her husband. Gen. Jasper A. Maltby. who went out from Galcna as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fortefitth Illinois Volunteers, who rose to the rank of Brtadier-General, and whose record as a soldier was one of the mo-t remarkable of those who went to the front from this State. Gen. Maltby was shot three times in one battle, and after the third wound was pierced by splinters. Twice before this he had been shot in his country's sertece. Of him Gen. Logan said at the siege of Vicksburg: "He is the bravest man I ever saw on the field of battle." After the taking of High Hill Fort, just before the capture of Vicksburg, the conduct of Gen. Maltby was such that Gene. Sherman and Logan sent recommendations from tile held ask me that he be made a Brigadier-General. President Lincoln sent him his commission immediately. The sketch of Gen. Maltby, prepared for Mr. Scott entered into the details of his life and told of all the bdttles arid other services in which he was engaged. In part it was as follows: Gen. Jasper A. Maltby was born in Ashtabula. O., in 1832. He enlisted for the Mexican 1Var when only 16 years old and was badly wounded at Chapultepee. In 1850 he came to Chicago anti lived here one year, then go-mg to Gelena. Shortly after his arrival there he invented the telescope s:ght for the rifle, which made his name noted. When Sumtet fell, in connection with Gen. John E. Smith, who is now living in Chicago. he raised the famous "Washburne 'Lead Mine' Regiment," the Forty-fifth Illinois, which subsequently marched, with Sherman to the Sea. At Camp Douglas, Chicago, John E. Smith was elected Colonel of the regiment and Ja,iper A. Maltby Lieutenant-Colonel. The first action was at Fort Henry. At Fort Donelson Col. Maltby was badly wounded. Almost at the same instant Gen. Logan was struck and the two were taken to the hospital in the same ambulance. Col. Maltby was able to rejoin his regiment immediately after the battle of Pittsburg Landing, and with his regiment as a part of Legan's division he took part in the marches, the engagements, and the siege which finally led to the fall of Vicksburg. When th mine at Fort Hill was to be sprung the Forty-fifth Illinois, of which Mr. Maltby was now full Colonel, Col., John E. Smith having been made a Brigadier for gallant conduct, was ordered to be in readiness to charge. That terrible charge was - made June 25. Col. Maltby and his field officers led their men. The Colonel was struck three times, but managed to struggle on. Gaining the coveted position finally after great ioss temporary breastworks were thrown up, the work being covered by Col. Maltby'e sharpshooters. He was in person adjusting a timber for the protection of his sharpshooters when it was struck by a cannonball. The shot passed close to his side and hurled splinters in every direction. Three of them penetrated the Colonel's body in different places, making in all six wounds which he had received that day. It was at this time that the recommendation which made him a Brigadier-General for gallantry in the face of toe enemy went to Washmgton. When the final entry was made into Vicksburg the Forty-fifth Illinois led the way. Gen. Maltby's horse was led at the head of the column with the General's trappings on. Gen. Maltby went in a:so at the head of his regimeet, but in an ambulance. In the fight at High Hili Fort the contest was one at hand to hand. The colors of the Forty-fifth were Itterally torn to tatters. Gen. Maltby was mustered out of the service in 1866. Subsequently he was made military Mayor of Vicksburg. He never recovered. however, from the effects of his wounds and died Dec. 12, 1867. Gen. Maltby was married in 1852, and his widow, Mrs. M. A. Mai.tby, now lives in Chicago at No. 3138 Ontario street.

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