James O. Wolfe, Pvt Co H 34 Ala Inf Confederate States Army 1834-1904

30 Dec 1834 1
Orangeburg, Orangeburg County, South Carolina 1
29 Aug 1904 1
Mount Carmel, Santa Rosa County, Florida 1

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30 Dec 1834 1
Orangeburg, Orangeburg County, South Carolina 1
Male 1
29 Aug 1904 1
Mount Carmel, Santa Rosa County, Florida 1
Burial Place: Mount Carmel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Santa Rosa County, Florida 1
Mother: Rebecca Oliver 1
Father: Henry Augustus Wolfe 1
Kisiah Gay 1
Spouse Death Date: 1905 1
Methodist 1
Race or Ethnicity:
White 1

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  1. Contributed by jjhyder067


Civil War, Alabama, 34th Infantry, Regimental History

Loachapoka, AL

Regimental History

The Thirty-fourth Alabama infantry was organized at Loachapoka,
April 15, 1862, went to Tupelo to join General Bragg's army, and
was attached to Manigault's brigade, which assignment, with the
Twenty-fourth and Twenty-eighth, it retained throughout the war,
being at the end consolidated with these regiments.

It proceeded with the army into Kentucky, but being on the
reserve did little fighting. Its first battle experience -- and
it was a bitter one -- was at Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862.
The regiment went in early spring to East Tennessee; was at
Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863; at Missionary Ridge,
November 25th, many of the command were made prisoners.

In the winter of 1863-64 it recruited at Dalton, and next was in
all the severe engagements from thereto Atlanta where, July 20th
to 28th, its losses were heavy. It did not take part in the
worst of the fight at Franklin, November 30th, but at Nashville,
December 15th and 16th, it was almost annihilated.

Going into the Carolinas it fought at Winston, March 14, 1865,
and at Bentonville, March 19th. Consolidated with the Twenty-
fourth and Twenty-eighth, it was surrendered at High Point, not
more than 100 men being left of the regiment that started out on
that bright spring morning, three years before, with overflowing

Lieut.-Col. John N. Slaughter and Capt. John S. Burch were
wounded at Atlanta; Capts. R. G. Welch at Chickamauga, W. G.
Oliver at Jonesboro, W. H. Holstein, J. Maury Smith and Jno. R.
Colquitt at Atlanta. Capt. J. B. Bickerstaff was killed at

Field officers: Col. Julius C. B. Mitchell, Lieut.-Cols. James W.
Echols, J. C. Carter; Majs. John N. Slaughter and Henry McCoy.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 164

Chickamagua after battle report:

Report of Maj. John N. Slaughter, Thirty-fourth Alabama

Missionary Ridge, October 6, 1863.

CAPT.:I respectfully submit the following report of the
participation of the Thirty-fourth Alabama Regt. in the battle of

Friday, September 18.--I formed the regiment in line of battle
south of Chickamauga Creek, half a mile northwest of Mrs.
Hunt's residence, in a field. By orders from the brigadier-general
commanding, I threw out as skirmishers Companies E and H,
commanded by First Lieut. Colquitt and Capt. Carter. I was
ordered to conform to the movements of the Twenty-eighth
Alabama Regt. on my right. My command remained in this
position two or three hours, when it was marched by the right
flank and formed line of battle; retired 150 yards from the
Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt. to avoid the fire of the enemy's
artillery, which swept the field in our front. In this position it
rested upon arms for the night.

Saturday, September 19.--Under your order and direction, the
regiment moved to the front in line of battle through the open
field between one-quarter and a half mile, then by the left flank
into a body of woods, and formed line in support of Capt.
Garrity's battery, which moved up to our front. My command
was 150 yards to the left of the Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt.,
and I kept up communication with it by a sentinel.

The regiment remained in this position until 3 or 4 p. m., when
it marched by the right flank in rear of Mrs. Hunt's residence to
Hunt's Ford, on Chickamauga Creek, 3 miles below, and crossed
it by wading, and thence to the field of battle, where we formed
in line. After a number of maneuvers my command moved
forward with directions to conform to the movements of the
Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt. and gradually swing to the right.
After marching to the front a quarter of a mile in this way, the
brigade commenced forming in line of battle. We were ordered
to give way to the left, and I directed Second Lieut. Cobb, acting
assistant adjutant, to conduct the regiment to the left until we had

It was now becoming dark, and while moving in this direction,
four companies having entered the field, they were fired upon by
enemy's skirmishers at a distance of 40 paces, wounding
7 men. The companies lay down and returned the fire, and the
enemy quickly retired out of range. I immediately ordered Capt.
Wood's company (B) to the front as skirmishers, and formed the
regiment in line to the field, and turned three companies of the
left wing back down the fence to protect them. Hearing the
enemy advance again in the darkness, and deeming my
skirmishers too weak in front, I threw out a small company (C)
under Lieut. Hannon, and they had just gained their position
when the enemy again opened a brisk fire upon them, which they
returned with vigor, causing the enemy to retire again. We had
two men wounded in this last affair. We were not again
molested, and retired soon and formed in rear of the
Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt., in column by battalion, and rested
for the night.

Sunday, September 20.--My command was early formed in line
of battle. Our companies (E and H) joined us this morning.
Having been deprived of the services of Capt. Fielder, as acting
major, by an accidental wound, I appointed Capt. J. C. Carter,
next senior captain, to the position by order of the
brigadier-general commanding.

At 10 a. m. we moved forward under the same orders of the
evening previous, Capt. Wood's company (B) having been
thrown forward as skirmishers. We marched in line of battle
across the Chattanooga and La Fayette road near an old house,
charged through a field in front to the woods beyond, where we
received a desultory fire from the enemy's skirmishers, thence
through the woods to a second field, and through it over the
enemy's breastworks into a second body of woods, some 50
yards in advance of the Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt., and

Finding the position a strong one, having a ravine, and short,
low bluff in front, over which the men could rise and fire and be
protected while loading, I concluded to form the regiment, and
did so, in the ravine. I had commenced reconnoitering the
enemy's position, when I received orders from Capt. Huger,
inspector-general, to retire with the Twenty-eighth Alabama
Regt., with which we fell back to the [Chattanooga and La
Fayette] road, formed, and were placed temporarily under the
command of Col. Reid. All these movements had been
performed at a run, and our men were very much exhausted,
some so much so that they could not return with the regiment,
and were captured.

In falling back we lost 2 men killed, 28 wounded, and 28

My men were much chagrined at being compelled to fall back,
and it was difficult to urge them back, stopping and rallying at
every favorable position for defense.

We remained in our new position for some hours, when we
moved with the brigade in a northwesterly direction and formed
in line near the base of Missionary Ridge. Moving forward
across the abrupt spurs of this ridge, we ascended the steep and
high hill on which the enemy were posted, formed in line, and
lay down some hundred paces from the top of the hill. While
lying in this position, Deas' brigade marched forward and formed
60 paces to our front, his right regiment overlapping the left of
mine six companies, and lay down. Previous to this I had thrown
out Lieut. Colquitt's company (E) as skirmishers to our front.

The enemy's position was a strong one, as the
accompanying diagram will show. The ridge on which they were
posted divided, and
the apex was where three ridges met. The left of the
Twenty-eighth Alabama rested on the one to my right, Deas'
brigade extended over the one to my left, and the enemy
occupied the one in my front, his battery being placed some 100
or 150 paces from the apex, being in a slight depression of the
ridge which protected him from our fire. My regiment occupied
an inclined plane between the first two ridges. The ground was
such that the right and left of the regiment was exposed to a fire
for 100 paces before the center. The moment the men appeared
above the ridge they were exposed to a sweeping fire of the
enemy's artillery and musketry. We received orders at this
juncture to move forward and govern ourselves by the
movements of the Twenty-eighth Alabama, on our right, and
Deas' brigade on our left. The regiment had moved forward with
firmness some 50 or 60 paces up the hill when they were met by
the right regiment of Deas' brigade falling back in disorder, they
having come under a severe fire of canister and musketry, as did
also the right companies of my regiment, which caused it to
falter and fall back in confusion. I attempted to rally them, and
with the assistance of some of my officers a number were rallied,
who moved forward with the colors, and kept their position with
the Twenty-eighth Alabama Regt. during the remainder of the
battle. The rest became so confused with Deas' men, and
continued to fall back down the hill, that I could not rally them
until they reached the top of the opposite hill. I ordered Capt.
Carter to the top of the hill, where, with assistance of other
officers, he succeeded in rallying and forming them again. I was
about returning to my position in line when I was ordered by the
brigadier-general commanding to retire near my first position of
the evening.

I would here state that Capt. Huger, inspector-general, rendered
me valuable assistance, and I would add my testimony to his
gallantry on the field. Riding fearlessly amid the shower of
canister and Minie balls, waving his sword and calling upon the
men to rally, and encouraging them by his heroic daring, he fell
pierced through the heart and died almost instantly. We rejoice
to know that he died as the patriot and soldier would wish to
die-in the stern performance of duty-yet we mourn that one so
young, so gallant, so full of promise, should be cut off int he
morning of life and at the threshold of his usefulness and be lost
to his family, and his invaluable services lost to his country in
this her hour of peril.

The regiment moved forward under orders and rested for
the night near a battery on the hill in front of a small farm.

Monday, September 21.--We were ordered to join the brigade in
front this morning and then moved back near the little farm,
stacked arms, and sent out details to bury our dead.

We would add briefly the causes of the regiment falling back on
the hill: First, nearly half of the regiment had not had a drop of
water for twenty-four hours, and the balance but a scantly
supply, in consequence of the loss of our canteens the evening
previous; second, being on the left and swinging flank, my
regiment performed all movements at a brisk run in the morning.
It ran a mile in the first charge, and without time to rest it ran
back to the La Fayette and Chattanooga road. This was done
with their knapsacks and blankets on, a portion of the time under
heavy fire without being able to return it. We were also
compelled to move at a brisk pace over the rugged spurs of
Missionary Ridge to our last position in order to keep up with the
line, the consequence was the almost complete exhaustion of a
great majority of the regiment; third, they were confused by the
falling back and mixing up with Deas' men; fourth, the enemy's
artillery was so situated that as our men arose above the hill they
were swept by canister and musketry without being able to return
the fire, and owing to the steepness of the hill they were
compelled to advance slowly. To denote the severity of the fire,
although we were not under it more than two minutes, and the
right companies mainly exposed, yet we lost 38 killed and
wounded, and the right company, though small, 13 of these.

In closing this report, I have the general remark to make that the
men acted well under the circumstances. The officers were
prompt and energetic, and it is hard to distinguish who
performed their duties best where all did well; but I feel it
incumbent upon me to notice some special instances of gallantry.
I would mention the names of Capt. Burch, First Lieut. Mitchell,
Second Lieut.'s Lambert, Oliver, Crockett, and Bickerstaff.
Among the non-commissioned officers and privates, Sergeant
Carlton, Company A, who was killed; Color Corporal Ferguson,
Company C; Color Corporal Willingham, Company D, who was
wounded while bearing the colors; Private Adams, Company B,
wounded; Riddle, Company B; Bone, Company F; Salmon,
Company G, who was killed while leading in a charge on a

I was ably assisted by Acting Assistant Adjutant Cobb and Capt.
Carter, acting major, and would recommend them to your
favorable notice.


Maj., Comdg. Regt.

Capt. C. I. WALKER,
Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 351-51 KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., N. ALA., AND N. GA. [CHAP. XLII.
[Series I. Vol. 30. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 51.]

Battles Fought
Fought on 28 Jul 1864 at Ezra Church, GA.
Fought on 28 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 31 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.


34th Alabama Infantry Regiment


  • (x) Cadenhead, I. B., "Some Confederate letters of I. B. Cadenhead, Co. H, 34th Alabama infantry regiment," in Alabama Historical Quarterly, XVIII, no.4 (Winter, 1956), 564-71
  • (x) Maxwell, James Robert. Autobiography of James Robert Maxwell of Tuscaloosa, Alabam[a] (New York : 1926)
  • (p) Warrick, Thomas. "I Have Seen the Monkey Show" : the Civil War Letters of Thomas Warrick of the 34th Alabama Volunteer Infantry, Including a History of the Regiment as it Related to my Family History.Elaine Hendricks, ed. (Dadeville, AL: Elaine Hendricks, 2004)


        • Crittenden, John [1st Sgt., Co. "E"]. Papers, in Auburn University, Archives and Special Collections Dept., RG 765 [a collection of these letters was compiled for a college course and titled: Civil War Letters, John Crittenden, 34th Alabama Regiment to his wife Bettie Browning Crittenden, 1835-1864]
        • Galloway, Armstead L. [Co. "E"]. Papers, in Auburn University, Archives and Special Collections Dept., RG 780
        • Mitchell, James B. [1st Lt., Co. "B"]. Papers, in Library of Congress
        • Olivers, William G. [2nd Lt., Co. "C"]. Papers, in Birmingham Public Library
        • (x) Tilley, Kenneth Eric. History of the Thirty-fourth Alabama Infantry Regiment. (Master's thesis, Virginia State University, 1994)

34th Regiment, Alabama Infantry

34th Regiment, Alabama Infantry

34th Infantry Regiment, organized at Loachapoka, Alabama, in April, 1862, contained men from Montgomery and the counties of Tallapoosa, Coosa, and Russell. It moved to Tupelo, Mississippi, and was assigned to General Manigault's Brigade where it remained for the duration of the war. The unit saw little action during the Kentucky Campaign then took an active part in many conflicts of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to Atlanta. Later it fought in Hood's winter operations in Tennessee and at Bentonville, North Carolina. The regiment reported 11 killed and 77 wounded at Murfreesboro, had many captured at Missionary Ridge, and in December, 1863, totalled 388 men and 281 arms. It lost 14 killed and 46 wounded at Ezra Church and was almost annihilated at Nashville. Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonel Julius C.B. Mitchell, Lieutenant Colonels John C. Carter and James W. Echols, and Majors Henry R. McCoy and John N. Slaughter.

Ezra Church

Other Names: Battle of the Poor House

Location: Fulton County

Campaign: Atlanta Campaign (1864)

Date(s): July 28, 1864

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard [US]; Gen. John B. Hood [CS]

Forces Engaged: Army of the Tennessee [US]; two corps of Army of Tennessee [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 3,562 total (US 562; CS 3,000)

Description: Earlier, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s forces had approached Atlanta from the east and north. Hood had not defeated them, but he had kept them away from the city. Sherman now decided to attack from the west. He ordered the Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard, to move from the left wing to the right and cut Hood’s last railroad supply line between East Point and Atlanta. Hood foresaw such a maneuver and determined to send the two corps of Lt. Gen. Stephen D. Lee and Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart to intercept and destroy the Union force. Thus, on the afternoon of July 28, the Rebels assaulted Howard at Ezra Church. Howard had anticipated such a thrust, entrenched one of his corps in the Confederates’ path, and repulsed the determined attack, inflicting numerous casualties. Howard, however, failed to cut the railroad.

Result(s): Union victory


Other Names: Wilkinson Pike, Cedars

Location: Rutherford County

Campaign: Franklin-Nashville Campaign (1864)

Date(s): December 5-7, 1864

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau and Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy [US]; Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS]

Forces Engaged: District of Tennessee (forces in Murfreesboro area; approx. 8,000) [US]; Forrest’s Cavalry, Bate's Infantry Division, and Brig. Gen. Claudius Sears’s and Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Palmer’s Infantry Brigades (6,500-7,000) [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 422 total (US 225; CS 197)

Description: In a last, desperate attempt to force Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army out of Georgia, Gen. John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee north toward Nashville in November 1864. Although he suffered a terrible loss at Franklin, he continued toward Nashville. In operating against Nashville, he decided that destruction of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad and disruption of the Union army supply depot at Murfreesboro would help his cause. He sent Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, on December 4, with an expedition, composed of two cavalry divisions and Maj. Gen. William B. Bate’s infantry division, to Murfreesboro. On December 2, Hood had ordered Bate to destroy the railroad and blockhouses between Murfreesboro and Nashville and join Forrest for further operations; on December 4, Bate’s division attacked Blockhouse No. 7 protecting the railroad crossing at Overall Creek, but Union forces fought it off. On the morning of the 5th, Forrest headed out toward Murfreesboro, splitting his force, one column to attack the fort on the hill and the other to take Blockhouse No. 4, both at La Vergne. Upon his demand for surrender at both locations, the Union garrisons did so. Outside La Vergne, Forrest hooked up with Bate’s division and the command advanced on to Murfreesboro along two roads, driving the Yankees into their Fortress Rosencrans fortifications, and encamped in the city outskirts for the night. The next morning, on the 6th, Forrest ordered Bate’s division to "move upon the enemy’s works." Fighting flared for a couple of hours, but the Yankees ceased firing and both sides glared at each other for the rest of the day. Brig. Gen. Claudius Sears’s and Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Palmer’s infantry brigades joined Forrest’s command in the evening, further swelling his numbers. On the morning of the 7th, Maj. Gen. Lovell Rousseau, commanding all of the forces at Murfreesboro, sent two brigades out under Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy on the Salem Pike to feel out the enemy. These troops engaged the Confederates and fighting continued. At one point some of Forrest’s troops broke and ran causing disorder in the Rebel ranks; even entreaties from Forrest and Bate did not stem the rout of these units. The rest of Forrest’s command conducted an orderly retreat from the field and encamped for the night outside Murfreesboro. Forrest had destroyed railroad track, blockhouses, and some homes and generally disrupted Union operations in the area, but he did not accomplish much else. The raid on Murfreesboro was a minor irritation.

Result(s): Union victory


Other Names: None

Location: Fulton County

Campaign: Atlanta Campaign (1864)

Date(s): July 22, 1864

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman [US]; Gen. John Bell Hood [CS]

Forces Engaged: Military Division of the Mississippi [US]; Army of Tennessee [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 12,140 total (US 3,641; CS 8,499)

Description: Following the Battle of Peachtree Creek, Hood determined to attack Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee. He withdrew his main army at night from Atlanta’ s outer line to the inner line, enticing Sherman to follow. In the meantime, he sent William J. Hardee with his corps on a fifteen-mile march to hit the unprotected Union left and rear, east of the city. Wheeler’s cavalry was to operate farther out on Sherman’s supply line, and Gen. Frank Cheatham’s corps were to attack the Union front. Hood, however, miscalculated the time necessary to make the march, and Hardee was unable to attack until afternoon. Although Hood had outmaneuvered Sherman for the time being, McPherson was concerned about his left flank and sent his reserves—Grenville Dodge’s XVI Army Corps—to that location. Two of Hood’s divisions ran into this reserve force and were repulsed. The Rebel attack stalled on the Union rear but began to roll up the left flank. Around the same time, a Confederate soldier shot and killed McPherson when he rode out to observe the fighting. Determined attacks continued, but the Union forces held. About 4:00 pm, Cheatham’s corps broke through the Union front at the Hurt House, but Sherman massed twenty artillery pieces on a knoll near his headquarters to shell these Confederates and halt their drive. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’ s XV Army Corps then led a counterattack that restored the Union line. The Union troops held, and Hood suffered high casualties.

Result(s): Union victory


Other Names: Bentonsville

Location: Johnston County

Campaign: Campaign of the Carolinas (February-April 1865)

Date(s): March 19-21, 1865

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum [US]; Gen. Joseph E. Johnston [CS]

Forces Engaged: Sherman’s Right Wing (XX and XIV Corps) [US]; Johnston's Army [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 4,738 total (US 1,646; CS 3,092)

Description: While Slocum’s advance was stalled at Averasborough by Hardee’s troops, the right wing of Sherman’s army under command of Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard marched toward Goldsborough. On March 19, Slocum encountered the entrenched Confederates of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston who had concentrated to meet his advance at Bentonville. Late afternoon, Johnston attacked, crushing the line of the XIV Corps. Only strong counterattacks and desperate fighting south of the Goldsborough Road blunted the Confederate offensive. Elements of the XX Corps were thrown into the action as they arrived on the field. Five Confederate attacks failed to dislodge the Federal defenders and darkness ended the first day’s fighting. During the night, Johnston contracted his line into a "V" to protect his flanks with Mill Creek to his rear. On March 20, Slocum was heavily reinforced, but fighting was sporadic. Sherman was inclined to let Johnston retreat. On the 21st, however, Johnston remained in position while he removed his wounded. Skirmishing heated up along the entire front. In the afternoon, Maj. Gen. Joseph Mower led his Union division along a narrow trace that carried it across Mill Creek into Johnston’s rear. Confederate counterattacks stopped Mower’s advance, saving the army’s only line of communication and retreat. Mower withdrew, ending fighting for the day. During the night, Johnston retreated across the bridge at Bentonville. Union forces pursued at first light, driving back Wheeler’s rearguard and saving the bridge. Federal pursuit was halted at Hannah’s Creek after a severe skirmish. Sherman, after regrouping at Goldsborough, pursued Johnston toward Raleigh. On April 18, Johnston signed an armistice with Sherman at the Bennett House, and on April 26, formally surrendered his army.

Result(s): Union victory


Other Names: None

Location: Davidson County

Campaign: Franklin-Nashville Campaign (1864)

Date(s): December 15-16, 1864

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas [US]; Gen. John Bell Hood [CS]

Forces Engaged: IV Army Corps, XXIII Army Corps, Detachment of Army of the Tennessee, provisional detachment, and cavalry corps [US]; Army of Tennessee [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 88 total (US 23; CS 65)

Description: In a last desperate attempt to force Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army out of Georgia, Gen. John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee north toward Nashville in November 1864. Although he suffered terrible losses at Franklin on November 30, he continued toward Nashville. By the next day, the various elements of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas’s army had reached Nashville. Hood reached the outskirts of Nashville on December 2, occupied positions on a line of hills parallel to those of the Union and began erecting fieldworks. Union Army Engineer, Brig. Gen. James St. Clair Morton, had overseen the construction

of sophisticated fortifications at Nashville in 1862-63, strengthened by others, which would soon see use. From the 1st through the 14th, Thomas made preparations for the Battle of Nashville in which he intended to destroy Hood’s army. On the night of December 14, Thomas informed Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, acting as Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s chief of staff, that he would attack the next day. Thomas planned to strike both of Hood’s flanks. Before daylight on the 15th, the first of the Union troops, led by Maj. Gen. James Steedman, set out to hit the Confederate right. The attack was made and the Union forces held down one Rebel corps there for the rest of the day. Attack on the Confederate left did not begin until after noon when a charge commenced on Montgomery Hill. With this classic charge’s success, attacks on other parts of the Confederate left commenced, all eventually successful. By this time it was dark and fighting stopped for the day. Although battered and with a much smaller battle line, Gen. Hood was still confident. He established a main line of resistance along the base of a ridge about two miles south of the former location, throwing up new works and fortifying Shy’s and Overton’s hills on their flanks. The IV Army Corps marched out to within 250 yards, in some places, of the Confederate’s new line and began constructing fieldworks. During the rest of the morning, other Union troops moved out toward the new Confederate line and took up positions opposite it. The Union attack began against Hood’s strong right flank on Overton’s Hill. The same brigade that had taken Montgomery Hill the day before received the nod for the charge up Overton’s Hill. This charge, although gallantly conducted, failed, but other troops (Maj. Gen. A.J. Smith’s "Israelites" ) successfully assaulted Shy’s Hill in their fronts. Seeing the success along the line, other Union troops charged up Overton’s Hill and took it. Hood’s army fled. Thomas had left one escape route open but the Union army set off in pursuit. For ten days, the pursuit continued until the beaten and battered Army of Tennessee recrossed the Tennessee River. Hood’s army was stalled at Columbia, beaten at Franklin, and routed at Nashville. Hood retreated to Tupelo and resigned his command.

Result(s): Union victory

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