82nd Illinois  Volunteer Infantry Regiment

82nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment

ORGANIZATION

The 82nd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, known as the "2nd Hecker Regiment," was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was one of the three "German" regiments furnished to the Union by Illinois. Approximately two-thirds of its members were German immigrants and most of the other third was composed of immigrants from various countries. Company C was entirely Jewish, and Company I all Scandinavians.

82nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment

    1862

    October 23

    Organized at Springfield, Ill., and mustered in under Colonel Friedrich (Frederick) Hecker.

    November 3-9

    Moved to Washington, D.C. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

    November 19

    Moved to Fairfax Court House, Va.

    December 11

    Moved to Stafford Court House

    December 19

    Near Aquia Creek, Va.

    1863

    January 20-24

    "Mud March"

    January 25

    At Stafford Court House, Va.

    April 27

    Chancellorsville Campaign

    May 1-5

    Battle of Chancellorsville

    In its first battle the regiment loses 155 casualties out of around 400 men in action. Colonel Hecker and Major Ferdinand Rolshausen are wounded and Second Lieutenants Lieutenant Conrad Schonder and Lorenz Spoenemann are killed. Lt. Colonel Salomon takes over command of the regiment.

    June 12

    Gettysburg Campaign

    July 1-3

    **Battle of Gettysburg **
    The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Salomon. It brought 347 men to the battle, of whom 4 were killed, 19 wounded, and 89 missing. Second Lieutenant Ferdinand Babst was mortally wounded and Captain Emil Frey and Lieutenant Eugene Hepp captured.

    According to the account of Lt. Col. Salomon,_ "...it happened that my regiment, being the center of the whole line, was the last to leave the field. I received orders to cover our retreat through the town with my own regiment, the Eighty-Second Illinois and the Sixty-First Ohio. These two regiments, under my command, were the last to enter the town in which the greatest confusion reigned. Artillery, ammunition wagons, ambulances, provision trains, disorganized troops, wounded soldiers carried along by the ambulance corps thronged the narrow streets of the town. The retreat became a rout. My two regiments drove the men forward. I guarded the cross streets as much as possible, until I finally ran into a cul-de-sac, where I was compelled to have a heavy, tight board fence knocked down to make it possible to proceed. That accomplished, we had to pass through an enfilading fire of musketry until we gained the peach orchard (at the northern base of Cemetery Hill)."_

    July 5-24

    Pursuit to Manassas Gap

    July 12

    Hagerstown

    July 13

    Duty along Orange & Alexandria R. R.

    September 25 -
    October 4

    Movement to Bridgeport, Alabama

    October 19-26

    Operations in Lookout Valle. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and Colonel Hecker assumes command of the brigade.

    October 20

    Reconnaissance to Trenton

    October 26-29

    Reopening Tennessee River

    October 28-29

    Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.

    October 30

    Duty in Lookout Valley, Tenn.

    November 23-27

    Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign

    November 23

    Orchard Knob

    November 24-25

    Tunnel Hill

    November 25

    Mission Ridge

    November 26-27

    Pursuit to Cleveland

    November 29 - December 17

    March to relief of Knoxville

    Dec. 18

    At Whitesides, Tenn.

    1864

    March 21

    Col. Hecker resigns his commission

    April

    Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland

    Early 1864

    Colonel Hecker resigns.

    May 3

    Atlanta Campaign

    May 8-11

    Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge

    May 14-15

    Battle of Resaca

    The regiment saves the 5th Indiana Battery in a bayonet charge

    May 19

    Near Cassville

    May 25

    New Hope Church

    The regiment loses 11 killed and 69 wounded out of 245 engaged, winning the praise of General Thomas.

    May 25-June 5

    Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills

    June 10-July 2

    Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain

    June 11-14

    Pine Hill

    June 15-17

    Lost Mountain

    Lost 5 killed

    June 15

    Gilgal (or Golgotha) Church

    June 17

    Muddy Creek

    Lost 1 killed and 3 wounded in an attack on an entrenched position

    June 19

    Noyes' Creek

    June 22

    Kolb's Farm

    June 27

    Assault on Kenesaw

    July 4

    Smyrna Camp Ground

    July 5-17

    Chattahoochie River

    July 19-20

    Peach Tree Creek

    Second Lieutenant Frederick Bechstein of Company I is killed

    July 22-August 25

    Siege of Atlanta

    August 26 -
    September 2

    Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge

    September 2 - November 15

    Occupation of Atlanta

    October 26-29

    Expedition to Tuckum's Cross Roads

    November 15 -
    December 10

    March to the sea

    November 22

    Milledgeville

    December 9

    Montieth Swamp

    December 10-21

    Siege of Savannah

    1865

    January

    Campaign of the Carolinas

    March 16

    Averysboro, Taylor's Hole Creek, N. C.

    The regiment lost 15 casualties

    March 19-21

    Battle of Bentonville

    March 24

    Occupation of Goldsboro

    April 10-14

    Advance on Raleigh

    April 14

    Occupation of Raleigh

    April 26

    Bennett's House, Surrender of Lee and his Army

    April 29-May 19

    March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.

    May 24

    Grand Review

    June 16

    Mustered out


    Additional Info
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    Created:
    June 9, 2013
    Modified:
    July 15, 2015
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