American Civil War Regiments
25th Infantry Regiment Michigan
Date of Organization:
22 Aug 1862
24 Jun 1865
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded:
Officers Died of Disease or Accident:
Enlisted Killed or Mortally Wounded:
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident:
Regimental Soldiers and History:
List of SoldiersRegimental History
The Twenty-fifth was organized at Kalamazoo and mustered
into service Sept. 22, 1862, with an enrollment of 896 officers
Captain Orlando H. Moore of the Regular Army, who had
served as Lieutenant Colonel with the Thirteenth Michigan
Infantry, was commissioned Colonel and drilled and disciplined
the Twenty-fifth for service in the field.
The field, staff and line officers at organization were as
Colonel, Orlando H. Moore, Schoolcraft. Lieutenant
Colonel, Benjamin F. Orcutt, Kalamazoo. Major, Dewitt C.
Fitch, Mattawan. Surgeon, Bolivar Barnum, Schoolcraft. First
Assistant Surgeon, Francis M. Oakley, York. Second Assistant
Surgeon, John N. Greggs, Schoolcraft. Adjutant, Charles H.
Brown, Kalamazoo. Quartermaster, John M. Ridlon, Paw Paw.
Chaplain, Albert L. Payson, Schoolcraft.
A. Captain, Charles B. Pratt, Marshall. First
Lieutenant, Orange Bugbee, Homer. Second Lieutenant, Norris J.
B. Captain, Samuel L. Demarest, Otisco. First
Lieutenant, Frank R. Chase, Otisco. Second Lieutenant, Asa W.
C. Captain, Charles E. McCollister, St. Joseph. First
Lieutenant, Jacob Ewalt, Berrien Springs. Second Lieutenant,
Edwin F. Kimmel, Berrien Springs.
D. Captain, Julius C. Cross, Three Rivers. First
Lieutenant, Henry McCreary, Colon. Second Lieutenant, John
Gilchrist, Prairie Ronde.
E. Captain, Frank T. Sutton, Galesburg. First
Lieutenant, Edwin Childs, Comstock. Second Lieutenant, Samuel
F. Captain, Spencer L. Lansing, Niles. First Lieutenant,
Gidean Frisbie, Niles. Second Lieutenant, Arthur M. Twombly,
G. Captain, William Fulkerson, Florence. First
Lieutenant, John B. Handy, Lockport. Second Lieutenant, Darius
D. Thorp, Three Rivers.
H. Captain, Hiram Cook, Oshtemo. First Lieutenant, John
H. Wells, Comstock. Second Lieutenant, Alvin V. Cook, Oshtemo.
I. Captain, William E. Dowd, Holland. First Lieutenant,
Martin De Boe, Holland. Second Lieutenant, Jacob O. Doesberg,
K. Captain, M. V. McKinney, Buchanan. First Lieutenant,
John Tennant, Buchanan. Second Lieutenant, Franklin D. Weaver,
The regiment left Kalamazoo Sept. 29, 1862, for
Louisville, Ky., and after its arrival became actively engaged
in several expeditions in driving the enemy from the state.
In January, 1863, the Twenty-fifth was employed on provost
duty at Bowling Green, Ky., and in April following was
performing same duty at Louisville, Ky., as the experience and
military education of Colonel Moore made him especially
competent to discharge such delicate duties, where firmness had
to be tempered with kindness in controling the citizens, who
were largely confederate sympathizers, and holding in check
with a strong hand the lawless and turbulent element.
The Twenty-fifth was assigned to the First Brigade, Second
Division, Twenty-third Corps, and continued in the same
organization during its term of service.
Colonel Moore, with five companies of his regiment,
numbering about 200 men, was ordered June 10th to Green River
Bridge, near Columbia, as news had been received that the
confederate General John Morgan was about to cross the
Cumberland River and march on Louisville. Colonel Moore
selected his own ground to meet the enemy, supposed to be 3,000
strong, and disposed his small force to combat ten times his
number at Tebbs Bend, and fearlessly awaited the approach of
the confederates, knowing that no other Union troops were
within 30 miles of his camp. The Colonel selected a strong
position with the practical eye of a soldier, the flanks of his
camp being protected by the river so the enemy was compelled to
meet him in front, and strengthened it by throwing up a line of
earth works and felling trees to protect his men against the
charge of the enemy's cavalry.
On the morning of July 4, 1863, the forces of General
Morgan opened with musketry and artillery upon the little band
of Union troops and after Colonel Moore's skirmishers had been
driven in a flag of truce approached with a demand from General
Morgan for an immediate and unconditional surrender. Colonel
Moore met the flag of truce and sent back the following
message: "Present my compliments to General Morgan and say to
him that, this being the Fourth of July, I cannot entertain the
proposition of surrender."
The confederates immediately charged the camp and a
desperate conflict raged for four hours, the overwhelming
numbers of the enemy surging up so close to the Union lines
that they were driven back repeatedly in a hand to hand
encounter. General Morgan, seeing the hopelessness of
continuing the conflict longer, withdrew his forces after he
had met with a loss of as many killed and wounded as Colonel
Moore had in his command. Twenty-two of the confederate
commissioned officers were killed or wounded, among the killed
being Colonel Chenault and Major Brent, while Colonel Moore
lost 6 killed and 23 wounded.
Major General Hartsuff, in a general order, complimented
Colonel Moore and the officers and men of his command, saying
"the entire arrangement of his defense entitles him to the
highest credit for military skill."
The obstinate defense made by Colonel Moore and his men
delayed General Morgan twelve hours, which completely
frustrated his plan of march and undoubtedly saved the city of
Louisville from being looted by Morgan's men and the
destruction of vast stores for the Union army.
All the companies of the Twenty-fifth were assembled at
Lebanon, Ky., and started August 19th for a long and toilsome
march for East Tennessee.
Colonel Moore being in command of the Second Brigade, the
Twenty-fifth, in command of Captain Demarest, proceeded from
Loudon to Kingston and occupied many towns in East Tennessee
during the following months, coming in contact with the enemy
frequently and enduring all the hardships of a winter campaign
without rations, tents, blankets, clothing and shoes, though
the weather was bitter cold. There was no campaign of the war
when so many hardships were endured for want of supplies of
every nature to make a soldier comfortable in the field as the
campaign of East Tennessee.
On the 25th of April, 1864, the regiment, in command of
Colonel B. O. Orcutt, started upon the Atlanta campaign and
participated in the marches, battles and skirmishes of General
Sherman's army. It came in contact with the enemy at Tunnell
Hill, Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Kingston, Allatoona,
Pine Mountain, Lost Mountain and Kenesaw, and crossed the
Chattahoochee July 9th and took an active part in the siege of
Atlanta. The Twenty-fifth was in the flanking movement which
resulted in the battle of Jonesboro and the fall of Atlanta.
When General Hood commenced his march north, after he had
evacuated Atlanta, the Twenty-fifth, with its corps, started in
pursuit and met Hood's forces at Rome, Ga., and Cedar Bluff,
Ala., and at Franklin, Tenn. It joined the army at Nashville
under General Thomas, and on the 15th and 16th, 1864,
participated in that battle and helped to drive the
confederates from their strong positions and followed them in
their retreat as far as Columbia.
After the signal defeat of General Hood, the Twenty-third
Corps marched 250 miles to Clifton, on the Tenenssee River,
where it was transported to Cincinnati, Ohio, and then by rail
to Washington, D. C. The corps had been transported east to
join with General Sherman's army, then on its march north
through the Carolinas. The Twenty-fifth was embarked upon
transports for North Carolina and, marching inland from the
coast, joined General Sherman at Goldsboro, N. C.
When General Johnson surrendered the confederate army to
General Sherman the Twenty-fifth was sent to Salisbury, N. C.,
where it was mustered out June 24, 1865, and in command of
Colonel Moore started for Michigan and arrived at Jackson July
2d, where it was paid off and disbanded.
The Twenty-fifth was engaged at Munfordsville, Ky., Dec.
27, 1862; Tebb's Bend, Ky., July 4, 1863; Kingston, Tenn., Nov.
26, 1863; Mossy Creek, Tenn., Dec. 29, 1863; Tunnel Hill, Ga.,
May 7 and 8, 1864; Rocky Face, Ga., May 9 and 10, 1864; Resaca,
Ga., May 13 and 14, 1864; Cassville, Ga., May 19, 1864; Etowah
River, Ga., May 20, 1864; Kingston, Ga., May 27, 1864;
Allatoona, Ga., May 26, 27, 28 and 29, 1864; Pine Mountain,
Ga., June 3 to 7, 1864; Lost Mountain, Ga., June 10 to 18,
1864; Culp's Farm, Ga., June 22, 1864; Kenesaw, Ga., June 23 to
29, 1864; Nickajack Creek, Ga., July 1, 1864; Chattahoochee
River, Ga., July 9, 1864; Decatur, Ga., July 18 and 19, 1864;
Atlanta, Ga., July 20, 22 and 28, 1864; East Point, Ga., Aug.
3, 1864; Utoy Creek, Ga., Aug. 6, 1864; siege of Atlanta, Ga.,
July 22 to Aug. 25, 1864; Jonesboro, Ga., Sept. 3 and 4, 1864;
Rome, Ga., Oct. 12, 1864; Cedar Bluffs, Ala., Oct. 23, 1864;
Pine Creek, Tenn., Nov. 26, 1864; Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30,
1864; Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15 and 16, 1864.
Killed in action.............................................23
Died of wounds...............................................17
Died in confederate prisons...................................2
Died of disease.............................................126
Discharged for disability (wounds and disease)..............157Battles FoughtFought on 4 Jul 1863 at Tebb's Bend, KY.
Fought on 15 Nov 1863.
Fought on 22 Jan 1864 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 1 May 1864.Fought on 9 May 1864 at Rocky Face Ridge, GA.Fought on 14 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.Fought on 15 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 18 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864 at Cassville, GA.Fought on 27 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.Fought on 28 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.Fought on 5 Jun 1864 at Dallas, GA.Fought on 27 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.Fought on 29 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 1 Jul 1864 at Marietta, GA.
Fought on 1 Jul 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.Fought on 21 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 25 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 29 Jul 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 1 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 6 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 25 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.Fought on 26 Aug 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 26 Oct 1864 at Cedar Bluff, AL.
Fought on 5 Nov 1864 at Lafayette, IN.
Fought on 26 Nov 1864 at Centreville, TN.
Fought on 27 Nov 1864 at Centreville, TN.
Fought on 28 Nov 1864 at Centreville, TN.Fought on 15 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.