1944 — Italy
Nicholas Katzenbach ( 12046767 ) was a B-25 Navigator with Lt Frank Hawkins, 310th Bomb Group, 381st BS... MTO/ WWII
( 21 May, 2012 to Barbara Connolly, 57th BW Historical Researcher from Jim Hawkins-----)
Barbara - Guess you know that Nicolas Katzenback who recently died was a memeber of the 310th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Squadron. He's referenced a lot of times in my Dad's diary because he was the navigator and - apparently - best friend of my Dad. His various obituaries reference his flying and time in prison camp. -- Jim Hawkins )
Birth: Jan. 17, 1922; Philadelphia; Philadelphia County; Pennsylvania, USA Death:
May 8, 2012; Skillman; Somerset County; New Jersey, USA
After the United States' entry into World War II, he enlisted with the US Army Air Corps and for a period of time, he was a prisoner of war after he was shot down during a mission over the Mediterranean. He earned an Air Medal and three clusters.
Nicholas deBelleville Katzenbach was born in Philadelphia in 1922 to a family of politicians. His middle name, with the unusual abbreviation deB., came from a forebear who had served as physician to Napoleon's brother before emigrating to the U.S.
Katzenbach served in the Army Air Force during World War II and spent two years as a prisoner of war in Italy. He l ater graduated from Princeton University and the Yale Law School and studied at Oxford University for two years as a Rhodes Scholar.
For much of the 1950s, Katzenbach was a professor of law, first at Yale, then at the University of Chicago. He was on a leave of absence, in Switzerland, when John F. Kennedy received the Democrats' nomination for president in 1960.
"Kennedy was a junior officer in World War II, just as I had been. And it was a really strong pull for young veterans who came back from World War II," Katzenbach told The Associated Press in 2008.
Katzenbach phoned fellow Yale alum Byron White and was told to come to Washington. After being interviewed by Robert Kennedy (who addressed him as "Professor Katzenbach"), he was appointed to head the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel.
It was an exciting time," Katzenbach told the AP. "There were lots of young people who got themselves involved in civil rights, and later in protesting the Vietnam War, feeling involved in the government and what's going on in their own future. To my mind that's what makes this a great country."
Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, who helped shape the political history of the 1960s, facing down segregationists, riding herd on historic civil rights legislation and helping to map Vietnam War strategy as a central player in both the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, died Tuesday night at his home in Skillman, N.J. He was 90. His death was confirmed by his wife, Lydia.
Barbi Ennis Connolly, 57th Bomb Wing Historical Researcher, 319 and 321st Bomb Group Historian. PRINCESSBARBI_B25@msn.com