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Nicholas L B Katzenbach 1
Age in 1930: 8 1
Estimated Birth Year: 1922 1
Place: MERCER County, New Jersey 1
From: 1930 1
Enumeration District: TRENTON CITY, WARD 13 1

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Lt Nicholas Katzenbach, 310th Bomb Group, 381st BS, B-25 MTO


Nicholas was Frank Hawkins Nav and 'best friends'...
3 images

Nicholas Katzenbach ( 12046767  ) was a B-25 Navigator with Lt Frank Hawkins, 310th Bomb Group, 381st BS... MTO/ WWII

( 21 May, 2012 to Barbara Connolly, 57th BW Historical Researcher from Jim Hawkins-----)   

Barbara - Guess you know that Nicolas Katzenback who recently died was a memeber of the 310th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Squadron. He's referenced a lot of times in my Dad's diary because he was the navigator and - apparently - best friend of my Dad. His various obituaries reference his flying and time in prison camp. -- Jim Hawkins  ) 

Birth: Jan. 17, 1922;  Philadelphia;  Philadelphia County;  Pennsylvania, USA Death:

May 8, 2012;  Skillman;  Somerset County;  New Jersey, USA

 After the United States' entry into World War II, he enlisted with the US Army Air Corps and for a period of time, he was a prisoner of war after he was shot down during a mission over the Mediterranean. He earned an Air Medal and three clusters.

Nicholas deBelleville Katzenbach was born in Philadelphia in 1922 to a family of politicians. His middle name, with the unusual abbreviation deB., came from a forebear who had served as physician to Napoleon's brother before emigrating to the U.S.

Katzenbach served in the Army Air Force during World War II and spent two years as a prisoner of war in Italy. He l ater graduated from Princeton University and the Yale Law School and studied at Oxford University for two years as a Rhodes Scholar.

For much of the 1950s, Katzenbach was a professor of law, first at Yale, then at the University of Chicago. He was on a leave of absence, in Switzerland, when John F. Kennedy received the Democrats' nomination for president in 1960.

"Kennedy was a junior officer in World War II, just as I had been. And it was a really strong pull for young veterans who came back from World War II," Katzenbach told The Associated Press in 2008.

Katzenbach phoned fellow Yale alum Byron White and was told to come to Washington. After being interviewed by Robert Kennedy (who addressed him as "Professor Katzenbach"), he was appointed to head the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel.

It was an exciting time," Katzenbach told the AP. "There were lots of young people who got themselves involved in civil rights, and later in protesting the Vietnam War, feeling involved in the government and what's going on in their own future. To my mind that's what makes this a great country."

Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, who helped shape the political history of the 1960s, facing down segregationists, riding herd on historic civil rights legislation and helping to map Vietnam War strategy as a central player in both the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, died Tuesday night at his home in Skillman, N.J. He was 90.      His death was confirmed by his wife, Lydia.  

Barbi Ennis Connolly, 57th Bomb Wing Historical Researcher, 319 and 321st Bomb Group Historian.        

Nick Katzenbach


Nicholas Katzenbach, later in life, he was a great advocate for the People's rights.
2 images


Birth: Jan. 17, 1922
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA


May 8, 2012
Somerset County
New Jersey, USA

US Presidential Cabinet Secretary. He served as the US Attorney General during the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1965 to 1966). A member of both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson's inner-circles, he was a close adviser on a wide range of issues which defined the 1960s, among them the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) and civil rights. Born in Philadelphia, his father was a corporate attorney, his mother served as a member and president of the New Jersey state board of education. While attending Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, he excelled as an athlete (playing hockey). After the United States' entry into World War II, he enlisted with the US Army Air Corps and for a period of time, he was a prisoner of war after he was shot down during a mission over the Mediterranean. He earned an Air Medal and three clusters. Upon returning home, he attained his BA from Princeton University and received his law degree from Yale two years later. In addition, he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study abroad at Balliol College (Oxford). He took a position at his family's law firm and served as an adviser to the general counsel of the Secretary of the Air Force, while becoming a professor at Yale Law School and the University of Chicago. Like many young Democrats, he became a member of the Kennedy administration and gradually was elevated to the president's deputy. He was an adviser during the Bay of Pigs (1961) and Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) and as deputy attorney general, he confronted a defiant Governor George Wallace who was forbidding desegregation at the University of Alabama. After President Kennedy's assassination, he stepped in to serve as acting attorney general when Robert Kennedy took a leave of absence to cope with his brother's death. He succeeded Kennedy as attorney general in 1965 and during his tenure under President Lyndon Johnson, he played a vital role in drafting the Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights Act (1965). Following his time in government, he returned to practicing law in New Jersey

B-25 Navigator, 310th BG, 381st BS, MTO Nick Katzenback

North Africa

Nicholas Katzenbach ( 12046767 ) was a B-25 Navigator with Lt Frank Hawkins, 310th Bomb Group, 381st BS... MTO/ WWII

( 21 May, 2012 to Barbara Connolly, 57th BW Historical Researcher from Jim Hawkins, proud son of Frank B Hawkins -----)  

 One lesson I learned years ago is how warm and welcoming the aviation community is, and, I experienced that again today, as did the crowd at Andrews Air Force Base who turned out for the Joint Services Open House & Air Show.

The aerial show was spectacular and included performances by aerobatic Hall of Famer Sean Tucker, the U.S. Army Golden Knights parachute team, and the Navy’s world reknown Blue Angels, but that’s not why I went.

I went to Andrews to meet Panchito, a 68-year-old bomber. Panchito is a B-25J and Nicholas Katzenbach was shot down in an earlier version of the B-25, a B-25C. I’ve read all about B-25s and their famous Doolittle Raid over Japan, but I’d never seen a B-25 in person.

When I arrived at the air show, Sean Tucker was dazzling the crowd with his barrel rolls, loops, and dives. My visit was already off to a good start. With dozens of aircrafts on the tarmac I asked someone in a golf cart which way the B-25 was and I ended up getting a lift. Lucky for me as Panchito was at the other end of the field.

Seeing a B-25 in person is quite different than seeing one in pictures. B-25s are a medium sized twin-engine bomber used during WWII. While it seems large from the outside (with a wingspan of nearly 68 feet), inside it seems miniscule.

Yes, that’s right I got to climb inside this warbird thanks to Larry Kelley who heads up Panchito’s flight team. He knew who Nicholas Katzenbach was, but didn’t realize he was shot down in a B-25. With that, the welcome mat was extended and a narrow staircase was pulled down from the front of the plane. Here’s some unsolicited advice, don’t wear a dress and don’t wear sandals. I wore both. None-the-less I made it up the narrow ladder and giant steps with guidance from Larry.

     While the bomber looks large from outside, inside is another story. It seemed cramped to me and I’m a foot shorter than Katzenbach. The cockpit was tight, with the pilot and co-pilots’ seats closer than I thought. The body of the plane isn’t wide and to get to the gunner position one has to crawl into the nose, I didn’t do that.

     Behind the cockpit was a section that Larry told me would have been outfitted for the navigator in the B-25C (Larry knew all the slight modifications between the B-25C and B-25J). Even more remarkable, he had a copy of the original B-25C Maintenance Manual complete with diagrams, photographs, and text. In the manual we were able to see the type of folding navigator table and stool that Katzenbach would have used. Just when I thought chapter two was done, I now need to go back and infuse some of this amazing information I gleaned today. I literally was on cloud nine. While I beamed, Panchito’s metallic skin shined under the sunlight.

     Thanks to Larry Kelley for the impromptu cockpit tour, and his son, crew member Josh Kelley, and crew photographer, Richard Allnutt.

It should also be noted that while the Panchito crew shares this warbird with the public they do so for a good cause; Disabled American Veterans (DAV). The Panchito crew offers rides and raises money so DAV can provide free services to our nation’s veterans, assisting them in obtaining medical care and benefits they’ve earned and deserved. For more information, visit:

Thanks again and happy flying!


Panchito  by Amy Schapiro (see the Link to the Left)

Posted by sixdegreesofmillicent in Biographers, Writing. Tagged: Andrews Air Force Base, B-25, Joint Services Open House and Airshow, Katzenbach, Panchito

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