26 Jul 1948 — Washington D.C., USA
In dramatic victory in the Civil Rights movement, on July 26, 1948, President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981, effectively ending the segregation of the military. This was a continuation of an earlier presidential act that provided for the equal treatment and acceptance of all races in the military. As segregation was still widely practiced in the United States, President Truman appointed a committee to ensure that the order was effectively carried out.
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