The following records of the 105th US Colored Troops are from the remaining Civil War files of Lt. Col. Rue Pugh Hutchins (Brevet Brigadier General), as transcribed by his great grandson, A. Donald Kelmers, of Louisville, Kentucky, on March 12-13, 1996. To the extent possible, the typed transcript follows the format, abbreviations, etc., of the original documents. Because the original documents are handwritten, in a few instances it was necessary to take a best guess at a word, based on the context of the sentence, or at a name.
On July 22, 1862, Rue Pugh Hutchins, a prominent citizen and businessman residing in Tippicanoe, Miami County, Ohio, raised at his expense the Hutchins Company of the Ohio Militia. On August 24 this became Company D of the 94th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Lt. Rue Hutchins commanding. On August 28 the 94th was immediately ordered into action in Kentucky without training or proper equipment. The 94th saw action at Perryville, Kentucky, and then retired to Louisville, Kentucky, for training and supplies. Rue Hutchins was appointed Captain. The 94th then moved south in General Thomas' Army of Ohio and was next engaged at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in the Battle of Stones River. Private Benjamin Hutchins, uncle of Captain Rue Hutchins, and Private Tanzy Hutchins, cousin, died as a result of wounds received at Murfreesboro. After Murfreesboro, Rue Hutchins was promoted to Major and given command of the 94th Ohio Volunteers. As the Federal army moved south from Chattanooga, Tennessee, it suffered a disaster in the battle at Chickamauga, Georgia, on September 19 and 20, 1863. A stone monument placed on the line of battle at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park reads:
94th OHIO INFANTRY 1st BRIGADE - 1st DIVISION
14th ARMY CORPS.
This regiment, Maj. Rue P. Hutchins Commanding engaged the enemy with Gen'l. Baird's Division, Saturday Morning, Sept. 19th, 1863, advancing three fourths of a mile of a mile east from the Kelly House. A counter attack of superior numbers caused the division to retire on the line of Reed's Bridge Road. The regiment advanced again that evening, with Scribner's and Starkweather's brigades, in support of Gen'l. Johnson's division, and became engaged with the enemy upon the ground occupied in the morning. During the battle Sunday, Sept. 20th, 1863, the regiment fought upon the ground marked by this monument, until ordered to retire with the division to Rossville. Present for duty Sept. 18th, 1863, ...309. Killed, wounded, and captured Sept. 19 - 20, 1863 ...46. Organized at Piqua, Ohio, August 23 - 24, 1862. Term - three years.