African American Patriots of the Revolutionary War

African American Patriots of the Revolutionary War - Stories


Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

    By His Excellency the Right Honorable JOHN Earl of DUNMORE, His Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor General of the Colony and Dominion of VIRGINIA, and Vice Admiral of the same.


    As I have ever entertained Hopes, that an Accommodation might have taken Place between GREAT-BRITAIN and this Colony, without being compelled by my Duty to this most disagreeable but now absolutely necessary Step, rendered so by a Body of armed Men unlawfully assembled, firing on His MAJESTY'S Tenders, and the formation of an Army, and that Army now on their March to attack his MAJESTY'S Troops and destroy the well disposed subjects of the Colony. To defeat such treasonable Purposes, and that all such Traitors, and their Abettors, may be brought to Justice, and that the Peace, and good Order of this Colony may be again restored, which the ordinary Course of the Civil Law is unable to effect; I have thought fit to issue this my Proclamation, hereby declaring, that until the aforesaid good Purpose can be obtained, I do in Virtue of the Power and Authority to ME given, by His MAJESTY, determine to execute Martial Law, and cause the same to be executed throughout this Colony: and to ****** the Peace and good Order may the sooner be restored, I do require every Person capable of bearing Arms, to resort to His MAJESTY'S STANDARD, or be looked upon as Traitors to His MAJESTY'S Crown and Government, and thereby become liable to the Penalty the Law inflicts upon such Offenses; such as forfeiture of Life, confiscation of Lands, &. &. And I do hereby further declare all indented Servants, Negroes, or others, (appertaining to Rebels,) free that are able and willing to bear Arms, they joining His MAJESTY'S Troops as soon as may be, foe the more speedily reducing this Colony to a proper Sense of their Duty, to His MAJESTY'S Crown and Dignity. I do further order, and require, all His MAJESTY'S Liege Subjects, to retain their Quitrents, or any other Taxes due or that may become due, in their own Custody, till such a Time as Peace may be again restored to this at present most unhappy Country, or demanded of them for their former salutary Purposes, by Officers properly ***** to receive the same.

    GIVEN under my Hand on board the Ship WILLIAM by Norfolk, the 7th Day of November in the SIXTEENTH Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign.


    (GOD save the KING.)

    Virginia Declaration

      Virginia, Dec. 14, 1775.

      By the Representatives of the People of the Colony and Dominion of VIRGINIA, assembled in GENERAL CONVENTION

      A DECLARATION WHEREAS lord Dunmore, by his proclamation, dated on board the ship William, off Norfolk, the 7th day of November 1775, hath offered freedom to such able-bodied slaves as are willing to join him, and take up arms, against the good people of this colony, giving thereby encouragement to a general insurrection, which may induce a necessity of inflicting the severest punishments upon those unhappy people, already deluded by his base and insidious arts; and whereas, by an act of the General Assembly now in force in this colony, it is enacted, that all negro or other slaves, conspiring to rebel or make insurrection, shall suffer death, and be excluded all benefit of clergy : We think it proper to declare, that all slaves who have been, or shall be seduced, by his lordship's proclamation, or other arts, to desert their masters' service, and take up arms against the inhabitants of this colony, shall be liable to such punishment as shall hereafter be directed by the General Convention. And to that end all such, who have taken this unlawful and wicked step, may return in safety to their duty, and escape the punishment due to their crimes, we hereby promise pardon to them, they surrendering themselves to Col. William Woodford, or any other commander of our troops, and not appearing in arms after the publication hereof. And we do farther earnestly recommend it to all humane and benevolent persons in this colony to explain and make known this our offer of mercy to those unfortunate people.

      EDMUND PENDLETON, president.

      Treaty of Paris

        The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783

        In the name of the most holy and undivided Trinity. It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the hearts of the most serene and most potent Prince George the Third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lunebourg, arch-treasurer and prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc., and of the United States of America, to forget all past misunderstandings and differences that have unhappily interrupted the good correspondence and friendship which they mutually wish to restore, and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse , between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony; and having for this desirable end already laid the foundation of peace and reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the commissioners empowered on each part, which articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Britain and the said United States, but which treaty was not to be concluded until terms of peace should be agreed upon between Great Britain and France and his Britannic Majesty should be ready to conclude such treaty accordingly; and the treaty between Great Britain and France having since been concluded, his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, in order to carry into full effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned, according to the tenor thereof, have constituted and appointed, that is to say his Britannic Majesty on his part, David Hartley, Esqr., member of the Parliament of Great Britain, and the said United States on their part, John Adams, Esqr., late a commissioner of the United States of America at the court of Versailles, late delegate in Congress from the state of Massachusetts, and Chief Justice of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary of the said United States to their high mightiness' the States General of the United Netherlands; Benjamin Franklin, Esqr., late delegate in Congress from the state of Pennsylvania, president of the convention of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the court of Versailles; John Jay, Esqr., late president of Congress and chief justice of the state of New York, and minister plenipotentiary from the said United States at the court of Madrid; to be plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the present definitive treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full powers have agreed upon and confirmed the following articles.

        Article 1:

        His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.

        Article 2:

        And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz.; from the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, viz., that angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the highlands; along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence by a line due west on said latitude until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario; through the middle of said lake until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said water communication into Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Isles Royal and Phelipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said lake to the most northwesternmost point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of thirty-one degrees of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River, thence straight to the head of Saint Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of Saint Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean; east, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the river Saint Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy to its source, and from its source directly north to the aforesaid highlands which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one part and East Florida on the other shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia.

        Article 3:

        It is agreed that the people of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind on the Grand Bank and on all the other banks of Newfoundland, also in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and at all other places in the sea, where the inhabitants of both countries used at any time heretofore to fish. And also that the inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use, (but not to dry or cure the same on that island) and also on the coasts, bays and creeks of all other of his Brittanic Majesty's dominions in America; and that the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the unsettled bays, harbors, and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Islands, and Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled, but so soon as the same or either of them shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement without a previous agreement for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the ground.

        Article 4:

        It is agreed that creditors on either side shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bona fide debts heretofore contracted.

        Article 5:

        It is agreed that Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the legislatures of the respective states to provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates, rights, and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession on his Majesty's arms and who have not borne arms against the said United States. And that persons of any other description shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the thirteen United States and therein to remain twelve months unmolested in their endeavors to obtain the restitution of such of their estates, rights, and properties as may have been confiscated; and that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states a reconsideration and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, so as to render the said laws or acts perfectly consistent not only with justice and equity but with that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states that the estates, rights, and properties, of such last mentioned persons shall be restored to them, they refunding to any persons who may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights, or properties since the confiscation. And it is agreed that all persons who have any interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their just rights.

        Article 6:

        That there shall be no future confiscation's made nor any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for, or by reason of, the part which he or they may have taken in the present war, and that no person shall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person, liberty, or property; and that those who may be in confinement on such charges at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America shall be immediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions so commenced be discontinued.

        Article 7:

        There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Brittanic Majesty and the said states, and between the subjects of the one and the citizens of the other, wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land shall from henceforth cease. All prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty, and his Brittanic Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons, and fleets from the said United States, and from every post, place, and harbor within the same; leaving in all fortifications, the American artillery that may be therein; and shall also order and cause all archives, records, deeds, and papers belonging to any of the said states, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper states and persons to whom they belong.

        Article 8:

        The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States.

        Article 9:

        In case it should so happen that any place or territory belonging to Great Britain or to the United States should have been conquered by the arms of either from the other before the arrival of the said Provisional Articles in America, it is agreed that the same shall be restored without difficulty and without requiring any compensation.

        Article 10:

        The solemn ratification's of the present treaty expedited in good and due form shall be exchanged between the contracting parties in the space of six months or sooner, if possible, to be computed from the day of the signatures of the present treaty. In witness whereof we the undersigned, their ministers plenipotentiary, have in their name and in virtue of our full powers, signed with our hands the present definitive treaty and caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. Done at Paris, this third day of September in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three.

        D. HARTLEY (SEAL)
        B. FRANKLIN (SEAL)
        JOHN JAY (SEAL)

        Carleton's Orders



          HEADQUARTERS: NEW YORK 15 April,1783 ORDERS

          It is the Commander-in-Chief's order that the following extract from the Seventh Article of the Provisional Treaty between Great Britain and the United States, be strictly attended to and complied with, by all persons whatsoever under His command.
          And His Britannic Majesty shall with all convenient speed and without causing any destruction or carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American Inhabitants, withdraw out His services, provisions and fleets from the said United States and from every post, place and harbour within the _____ ,leaving in place any fortification,the American artillery that may be therein, and shall also order and cause all the archives, records, deeds and papers belonging to any of the said States or their citizens, which in the course of the war, may have been taken into the hands of the Officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper States and persons to whom they belong.
          All Masters of Negroes are particularly cautioned at their_____ not to commit any breach of the above Article.
          The Commander-in-chief has been pleased to appoint certain ___ of the Royal Navy: Captains Gifillan and Armstrong ,Assistant Deputy Quarter-General on His part and who has obligations to HopThins and Parker Esquires, that they have at His request undertaken Until proper persons shall be authorized by Congress to attend to the part of America where intends all embarkation's and see that the above stipulations are strictly observed.
          Three of those gentlemen are hereby fully empowered to act as American agents, always being present and considered as one of that number. Any person claiming property embarked or to be embarked, will apply to any of these gentlemen, who will call a Board to examine into the merits of their claims should any doubts arise on examination, the circumstances of the case to be minuted-down so as to furnish proper evidences to Commissioners, who may hereafter be appointed on both sides to adjust and settle all claims and compromise's between the parties as approved______for this purpose.
          Three of these gentlemen will please to examine every transport vessel to be sailing to prevent any evasion of their order.
          The Refugees and all Masters of Negroes will be attentive that no Negro is permitted to embark as a Refugee who has not recorded himself within the British Lines do not receive passport.

          Brindley Town

            The benevolent disposition your Excellence provides emboldens me to lay before him a few facts for your Excellency's consideration. The negroes have been in a very unsettled state at their place, until last summer having built Hutts at some expense on one McKennys land, not having until the above time lands assigned them. Several of these people have now built themselves comfortable Hutts in which they live. Cleared, joined land and made themselves gardens and of suffered to enjoy the lands they are now in possession and may be in a likely way with industry to make themselves a comfortable living. Their Town is about a mile from the upper part of the Town of Digby adjoining what is called the little Joggin; a place convenient to keep small fishing craft in, it being of great importance that these people have access to the water for fishing. I have surveyed to each of these Negroes lots of land about one acre each, a Map or Plan thereof is delivered to the Surveyor General, having understood from them that it was your Excellency's intention that in their town they should have lots of that quantity.

            The lands for the Black Pioneers will be surveyed as soon as the snow admits of traveling to do it and I wish that their land also might be as contagious {??? - illegible for about one line}

            There is talk in this place that wishes to remove these people to some other place; in that case they must begin anew, with much cost and expense, which they are not able to undergo. I do not believe they have Five Pounds to move with; if they are obliged to move nothing but the utmost distress will be the consequence. On the other hand if they are suffered to enjoy the lands are now in possession of there is a probability of their doing well. As the Negroes are now in this country the principles of Humanity dictate that to make them useful to themselves as well as Society is to give them a good chance to live, and not to destroy them.

            Thus I have endeavoured to give your Excellency a true state of the case of those Negroes amongst us and should it meet your approbation to continue them where they are, I should think my time well spent. I am actuated by no other motive than that of Humanity.

            I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect
            a true copy from the one in my hand

            Thomas Millidge

            the above letter was sent
            to His Excellency Governor
            Parr about mid March 1785

            Thomas Millidge

            Record from PANS, Vol 19 #38

            Court Case involving George Johnston

              The jurors for our Lord the King upon their oath present that Stephen Blucke late of Birchtown in a County of Shelburne yeoman, on the twenty first day of August in the twenty ninth year of our Sovereign Lord George the third now King of Great Britain for with force and arms at Birchtown aforesaid in the County aforesaid in and upon one George Johnston in the peace of God and our said Lord the King then and there being did make an assault and him the said George Johnston then and there did beat, wound, and ill-treat so that her life was greatly despaired of and other wrongs to her to said George Johnston then and there did to the great damage of him the said George Johnston and against the Peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and dignity

              Free Settlement on the African Coast

                Free Settlement

                on the

                Coast of Africa

                The Sierra Leone Company, willing to receive into their Colony-such Free Blacks as are able to produce to their Agents, Lieutenant Clarkson, of His Majesty's Navy, and Mr. Lawrence Hartshorne, of Halifax, or either of them, satisfactory Testimonials of their Characters, (more particularly as to Honesty, Sobriety, and Industry) think it proper to notify, in an explicit manner, upon what Terms they will receive, at Sierra Leone, those who bring with them written Certificates of Approbation from either of the said Agents, which Certificates they are hereby respectively authorized to grant or withhold at Discretion.

                It is therefore declared by the Company

                That every Free Black (upon producing such a Certificate) shall have a Grant of not less than Twenty Acres of Land for himself, Ten for his wife, and five for every child, upon such terms and subject to such changes and obligations, (with a view to the general prosperity of the Company) as shall hereafter be settled by the Company, in respect to the Grants of Lands to be made by them to all Settlers, whether black or white.

                That for all stores, provisions, or, supplied from the Company's Warehouse, the company shall receive an equitable compensation, according to fixed rules, extending to blacks and whites indeterminately.

                That the civil, military, personal, and commercial rights and duties of Blacks and Whites, shall be the same, and secured in the same manner.

                And, for the full assurance of personal protection from slavery to all such Black Settlers, the Company have subjoined a Copy of a Clause contained in the Act of Parliament whereby they are incorporated, viz.

                "Provided Also, and he it further enacted, that it shall not be lawful " for the said Company, either directly or indirectly, by itself or themselves, or " by the agents or servants of the said Company, or otherwise howsoever, to " deal or traffic in the buying or selling of Slaves, or in any manner what is to " have, hold, appropriate, or employ any person or persons in a  state of slavery in " the service of the said Company."

                Given under our hands, London, the 2nd Day of August, 1791.


                <div>Henry Thornton, ChairmanJoseph HardcastlePhillip Sansom, Dep.ChairmanThomas Clarkson,Charles MiddletonVickeris Taylor, William Wilberforce,William Sanford,Sharp,Thomas EldredKingston,George WolfParker,</div>

                Hildrith Burling

                  Government                                                                      Shelburne 20th Nov. 1787

                  To Isaac Hildrith, Deputy surveyor, for surveying and laying out 179 Lots of Land in the Trait, reserved by the Board of Agents for the Black People viz.  between the 6th October, and 10th November a 10th Friday

                  To Samuel Burling, Secretary to the late Board of Agents, for preparing Drafts, of the said land, furnishing the deputy Surveyor, with Institutions and directing the Division of the Lots, amongst, the location to complete the Return of survey necessary for the Surveyor General,

                  We certify that  the above Accounts is just and true, and that the Land therein mentioned has been surveyed, and regularly divided amongst the Black People of Birchtown, agree able to the directions of Isaac Wilkins Esquire President of the late Board of Agents in Shelburne  
                     Sworn before me                                                                                                            S. Burling
                      this 24th day of Nov. 1787

                  I do hereby certify that 179 Lots of Land in the District of Birch Town has been surveyed and divided in the proportion of forty acres to each family and twenty acres to each single person, amongst the Black People of Birch Town.  Who were unprovided with land and are now duly located, thereon

                  Shelburne 20th Nov. 1787                                                                Stephen Blucke

                  Indenture (Farmer, Harding)


                    George Harding to Jupiter Farmer Registered at Ten O'clock in the forenoon on the twenty first day of August 1805 on the oath of Alex Houston

                    This Indenture made the seventh day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and two between Jasper Harding Attorney for George Harding of the one part and Jupiter Farmer of the County of Shelburne of the other part Witnesseth that the said Jasper and George Harding for and in consideration of the sum of seven pounds then shillings one third of which to be hard at the sealing and delivering these presents and one third on the twenty fourth day of December one thousand eight hundred and two and one third part on the twenty fourth day of December one thousand eight hundred and two and one third part on the twenty fourth day of December one thousand eight hundred and three. Have granted bargained sold aliened promised released conveyed and confirmed and by these presents do grant sell convey and confirm unto the said Jupiter Farmer and to his heirs' administrators and assigns all and whole a fifty acre lot Number 57 fifty one in Marston's Division with all the dwelling houses hereditaments privileges profits arriving or belonging thereunto and the remainders rents issues and profits and all the estate right claim and demand of the said George Harding or his attorney Jasper Harding in law and equity of in and to the same demised premises to have and to hold all and whole the and lot as above released and confirmed and every part and parcel thereof unto the said Jupiter Farmer his heirs assigns and administrators for ever and the said George Harding and his attorney Jasper Harding for themselves their heirs administrators and assigns doth promise covenant and agree to and with the said and Jupiter Farmer his heirs and assigns in manner and form following that is to say that the said George Harding now is the true and rightful owner of all whole and singular the lot and premises above described and that he has given full power and authority to his said Attorney Jasper Harding to grant and convey the same as above described and also that the said Jupiter Farmer his heirs and assigns shall and may at all times and forever hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold occupy possess and enjoy the same without molestation interruption lot hindrance or denial of him the said George Harding or Jasper Harding his attorney or any other person or persons whatsoever lawfully claiming the same and that the said George Harding and Jasper Harding his attorney their heirs executors administrators and assigns the above granted promises with all and whole the assuntenances thereunto belonging unto the said Jupiter Farmer his heirs and assigns shall and will forever defend against all persons whatsoever. In witness where of the said Jasper Harding as attorney for George Harding has set his hand and seal the date above written

                    Shelburne January the 7th 1802 Received from Jupiter Farmer the sum of two pounds then shillings as payment as described by within indented $2.10

                    Jupiter Farmer

                    Jonathan Locke to Samuel Locke Registered at twelve O'clock at noon on the twenty first day of August 1805 on the oath of Enos Churchill

                    This indenture made the fourteenth day of May in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred between Jonathan Locke Carpenter of the Ragged Islands in the County of Shelburne of the one part and Samuel Locke of the same place Farmer of the other land Witnesseth that the said Jonathan Locke for a good valuable fair duration and also for and in consideration of ten pounds current mony of the Province of Nova Scotia in hand well and truly paid to them by the said Samuel Locke at and before the sealing and delivery hear of the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained unto aligned released conveyed and confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain set align rules convey and confirm and of the said Samuel his aliases and assigns all and whole the list and full sixth undivided part a had force parcel a lot of land situated laing and being in the East side of Green Harbour within the said County of Shelburne in the said Province of Nova Scotia filed or located to Thomas Hayden John Matthews Isiah Churchill Jonathan Locke Gilbert Bening and the said Jonathan Locke Carpenter with buildings thereon acted noreditaments privileges and assuntenance thereunto belonging and they reversion and reversions remainder & remainder


                    Slave Sale~Wesley, Lucy

                      Received of Joseph Wesley a Negro Slave named Lucy in full payment of his note of hand with interest amount of seventy pounds sterling. And I do hereby promise to the said Joseph Wesley that I will return him the above mentioned Negro slave Lucy except death desertion or any other unforeseen accident prevent it. If he pays to me the above mentioned sum of seventy pounds sterling within the term of six months from this date whereof witness my hand.

                      William Taylor

                      John Harris to William Stone

                        Shelburne 1st of May 1786

                        This is to certify that John Harris a Black Man doth bind himself as a servant to be put to any plantation or farm work to William Stone from the date hired to the fourteenth of July next to come providing the said William Stone is to find him in provisions during the said time. Witness whereof we the said parties do sign out hands

                        Norman McLeodWilliam Stone-his markJupiter Farmer-his markJohn Harris-his mark

                        Horton Indenture

                          Witnesseth, That Heman Horton son of Samuel Horton late of Port LaTour in the County of Shelburne and Province of Nova Scotia yeoman deceased.  Hath put himself and these presents, with the special advice consent and approbation of his mother Sarah over the life of John Pearce of Shelburne yeoman, doth voluntarily, and of his own Free Will and accord, put himself apprentice to George Deinstadt of the Town and County of Shelburne in the Province aforesaid Cordwainer to learn the Art, Trade and Mystery of a Cordwainer and after the Manner of an Apprentice, to serve from the Day of the Date hereof, for and during and until the full End and Term of Six years four months and twenty two days or until he shall attain the age of twenty one years he being now of the age of fourteen years seven months and eight days.

                          During all which time, the said apprentice said master faithfully shall serve his secrets keep, his lawful commands every where readily obey; he shall do no damage to his said master, nor see it done by others, without letting or giving notice thereof to his said master he shall not waste his said Master's goods, nor lend them unlawfully to any:  He shall not commit fornication, or matrimony contract, within the said term; At cards, dice or any other unlawful game, he shall not play, whereby his said master may have damage; with his own goods nor the goods of others, without license from his said master , he shall neither buy nor sell he shall not absent himself day nor night from his master's service, without his leave, nor haunt Ale Houses, Taverns or Play Houses; but in all things behave himself as a faithful apprentice ought to do, during the said term.  And the said master shall use the utmost of his endeavor to teach or cause to be taught or instructed, the said apprentice, in the trade and mystery of a Cordwainer.

                          And procure and provide for him sufficient meat, drink, clothing lodging, and washing, fitting for an apprentice, during said term of six years, four months & twenty two days and shall permit & allow him to attend night school one quarter of a year in every year during said term & provide for him paper, pens & other necessities and pay the schoolmasters fees.

                          And for the true performance of all and singular the COVENANTS and AGREEMENTS aforesaid, the said parties bind themselves each unto the other firmly by these presents.  In witness whereof the said parties have interchangeably set their hands and seals hereunto.  Dated the twenty fourth Day of February in the fifty seventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, & c.  Annoque Domini, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventeen.

                          Signed, Sealed and Delivered
                              in the presence of

                          <div>{Illegible name}Heman HortonColin CampbellGeorge DeinstadtSarah Pearce</div>

                          Jupiter Farmer's Estate

                            We the undersigned were appointed commissioners by his excellency Sir Colin Campbell at the Council held at Halifax on the 8th day of March 1839. Examine with the particulars of the debts and credits of the estate of Jupiter Farmer late of Shelburne deceased. We have therefore examined carefully the accounts handed to us by the administrators of the said estate and find that the debts due by the said administrator on the said estate amount to fifty two pounds and one penny half penny and there is no proceeds of personal property in his or their possession. The undersigned have also examined the authority under which the real estate of the deceased was held and find it to have been acquired by purchase on Enquiry made by us of the annual income from the income from the said real estate since the decease of the said Jupiter Farmer we are informed by his administrators that there has been nothing paid whatsoever and that we are of the opinion in its present state it will rent for three pound per annum and that were it sold it would bring thirty pounds. Dated at Shelburne
                            31st October 1839

                            Andrew Barclay
                            George H. Deinstadt
                            Thomas Johnson

                            Jupiter Farmer Will

                              <div>Know all men by these presence that I Jupiter Farmer of Birchtown in the Township and County of Shelburne. Do make this my last Will and Testament, this six day of April in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty four.  _(1st)_ I do hereby give and bequeath to my two sons Isaac and Charles Farmer all my real and personal estate that I now have or may have at my decease to be equally divided between them, they pay in all debts due on the said estate and giving to James Roach the boy, now living with me with my two year ld Heiffer of steer. _(2nd)_ I do further give order and direct that in case that my son Isaac who is now at six, should die or never return, then in that case my son Charles to have all both real and personal as above mentioned                                   

                              In witness whereof I have
                                                             Sit my hand to seal the day and
                                                                                year above written
                                                                                    Jupiter Farmer

                              In presence of
                              Crowell Brown
                              Charles Farmer


                              George Buys Land


                                James Masimore & wife to David George(a black) registered at eleven o'clock in the forenoon on the seventh day of May 1785 on the oath of John Jones.

                                Know all men by these presents that I James and Ann Masimore of Shelburne, Queens County and Province of Nova Scotia, doth with and for the consideration hereafter mentioned, agree with bargain and tell unto David George of the aforesaid Town County and Province a certain town lot situated in the said Town of Shelburne being lot No. 6 letter M in Parr's Division, which said lot I forever acquit claim and deliver over to the said David George with all the buildings timber firewood and all other appurtenances thereunto belonging for the consideration of seventeen shillings and sixpence current money of this Province which said lot I warrant and defend against all claims whatever. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day of April in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and eighty five.

                                John Jones                                                          James Masimore
                                Dan Carroll                                                         Ann Masimore


                                Postell Case

                                  Mary Postell of Shelburne a Negro woman, maketh oath upon the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that she was born in South Carolina and was the property of a certain Elijah Postell, that after the death of the said Elijah she became the property of William the son of the said Elijah who was a Captain in the American Army then in rebellion of Great Britain that she joined the troops near Charlestown and when the place was evacuated went to Saint Augustine and came from thence to Shelburne with a catalog then Gray who promised to use her well while at that would live with him that sometime after her arrival how the sent Gray(who was raised in Argyle) her two children and did actually nephew of her to a certain William Mangham and also sold and into of her girl(aged about ten years) to but John who came here to South Carolina as she is informed, and thereafter to sell her youngest child. And this department lastly urged, That said Gray has no right whatever to her or her children and that she is afraid that Gray or William Mangham will seize her and her child and carry them away.

                                  Blucke Petition

                                    The petition of Stephen Blucke in behalf of himself and the other inhabitants of Birchtown and its neighbourhood.

                                    Humbly Sheweth!

                                    That the inhabitants of Birchtown and its neighbourhood, to the number of eighty souls and upwards, have been called upon by Colonel Blucke, the overseer of the read leading to Round Bay to do their statute labour and have actually turned out and done the same on that road between Birchtown and Colonel Bluckes lands as will appear to the court by the annexed certificate.

                                    That the road leading from Birchtown to Shelburne inlet, in joins Mr. Farish's road is in many places almost impossible for boat passengers and entirely so for cattle or carriages and the statutes labour of all the said inhabitants being already expended as above mentioned that road must remain another year in its present bad status to the great injury of the said inhabitants-unless the court are pleased to afford them some relief.

                                    That from the great number of the said inhabitants upwards of three hundred souls who for many necessaries depend upon what they can carry to Shelburne market during the winter season on their backs or on hand sleighs year petitioner is due to hope the court will think their situation worthy of their attention.

                                    The therefore humbly prays the court may be pleased to grant relief in this particular to the said inhabitants by allowing them five pounds out of the license duty, to be laid out and before mentioned under the care and direction of such persons as your worship shall think proper and petitioner will ever pray-

                                    Birchtown                                                                                                   Stephen Blucke
                                    6th July 1791

                                    Indentured Servants List

                                      LIST OF BLACK INDENTURED SERVANTS CARLETON'S BOOK
                                      OWNED BY PORT ROSEWAY ASSOCIATES

                                      Those who gave their names for Sierra Leone, ~ Those who petitioned to stay and not go to Sierra Leone
                                      KIPP Henry owner: Alexander Fraser
                                      DUNN John Simon Fraser
                                      SMITH John John Graham
                                      PERS Terry Casper Grasman
                                      CARTER Henry Edward Green
                                      JACKSON Edward Edward Green
                                      DURHAM In Nathaniel Hannah
                                      SIMMS Cato Charles Hart
                                      GRAY Dick William Hill
                                      PELL John, age 28 William Hill
                                      PELL John, age 14 William Hill
                                      PELL Judah William Hill
                                      WARNER Ella William Hill
                                      WARNER Peter William Hill
                                      SHEPARD Benjamin Richard Jolly
                                      SYDAEN Fanny John Kingston
                                      SYDAEN Lucy John Kingston
                                      WELLS Mary George Lowe
                                      WELLS William George Lowe
                                      JONES Charlotte George Lowe
                                      JONES John George Lowe
                                      LYNCH Sally Peter Lynch
                                      SKINNER Stephen Peter Lynch
                                      ALBERT Sam Samuel Mann
                                      CUTHBERT John James Moffat
                                      CUTHBERT Sam James Moffat
                                      CUTHBERT Susan James Moffat
                                      RAMSEY Peggy
                                      RAMSEY Joseph
                                      DIXON Charles
                                      DIXON Dick DIXON Dolly ~DIXON Luke
                                      owner: John McLeod John McLeod William McLeod
                                      _ William McLeod
                                      ~ widowed, 2 boys,6 girls, from Virginia. Occ: Carpenter, 3 town lots, imp, house on 10 acre lots.

                                      DIXON Myles
                                      DIXON~ Shadrick

                                      from Virginia, wife, 2 boys, 1 girl. Occ: Farmer, pup: none

                                      BROUGHTON Nan
                                      BROUGHTON Ron
                                      McGREGGOR Dan
                                      SIMMZBURG Jim
                                      SYMES William
                                      WILKINS Cora
                                      ROGERS Thomas

                                      *Christ Church Marriage Index - ?? m in 1847 Mary Charles Norman?

                                      HISTYS Hannah
                                      CURMLINE Chloe
                                      CURMLINE Frank
                                      CURMLINE Mingo
                                      LLOYD Philis
                                      COLLINS Hanna
                                      COLLINS Mary
                                      JOHNSON J
                                      ROBING SabinaROB(V)ING Joshua
                                      WILSON Moses
                                      FREEMAN Rob
                                      MONDAY Ron
                                      LAWSON Ned
                                      JOHNSON Polly
                                      Alpheus Palmer
                                      Lewis Palmer
                                      Peter Parker

                                      David Philips
                                      Moses Pitcher
                                      Thomas Powers
                                      Timothy Prout
                                      BACHUS Flora owner: Alexander Robertson
                                      BACHUS Jenny
                                      BACHUS Mary
                                      BACHUS Thomas
                                      BACHUS William
                                      COLEMAN Sukey
                                      FLEET Pomphrey
                                      FLEET Sam
                                      HOWARD Jacob
                                      HOWARD Sarah
                                      MORRIS Betty MORRIS Sam
                                      SUMMER Peggy
                                      WARWICK Cliff
                                      WARWICK Sylvia
                                      WOODHOUSE William -.
                                      PLUME Thomas
                                      PETERS Frank
                                      PETERS Nancy
                                      EDMUNDS Dinah
                                      EDMUNDS Thomas
                                      JOHNSON Judith
                                      Johnson Peter
                                      GOLD Betsy
                                      GOLD Sukey
                                      GOLD Joe
                                      LACEY Fanny
                                      LACEY George
                                      LACEY Kate
                                      BLUE Phillis
                                      MANNAN William
                                      PERRY Prenish
                                      WALKER Nancy
                                      WALLACE ~
                                      ?? Jenny
                                      BUXTON ??
                                      SMITH In

                                      ~ 28 yrs, from Virginia, wife, 2 boys, 1 girl. Occ: Farmer, no property

                                      Alexander Robertson
                                      James Rose
                                      Andrew Ross
                                      George Scott
                                      Stephen Shakespear
                                      Robert Turnbull
                                      John Tench
                                      Richard White
                                      ?? White
                                      Thomas Whiting
                                      Richard Williams
                                      Benjamin Wood
                                      BRUFF Francis
                                      JONES Adam

                                      owner: Andrew Barclay, from Virginia, wife, 1 boy, 4 girls. Occ: Shoemaker, Prop: Town lot, imp. house. 40 ac. not govt. 10 ac. imp. house purchased.

                                      CHARLES ??
                                      ?? Betty
                                      George Beattie
                                      BETTY Jack
                                      BETTY Sarah
                                      FRANCIS Charles
                                      Charles Bruff
                                      ?? Dinah
                                      HOVING Jim
                                      HOVING Susannah
                                      OGDEN Thomas
                                      PALMER Hand
                                      PALMER Moses
                                      PENNOW James
                                      WILLIAM Rogers ~

                                      sails for Africa, wife. Occ: Farmer. Prop: None

                                      SPARECRAW Phillis
                                      DUNK William
                                      WRIGHT James
                                      WHILLING Sam
                                      WHILLING Susie
                                      THOMAS John
                                      KNICK James
                                      LINDSAY James
                                      PHILLIPS Perry
                                      ?? Charles William Rachel
                                      A. Campbell Andrew Calder
                                      Joseph English
                                      Isaac Enslow
                                      Robert Fox
                                      J. Anderson
                                      ROBINSON Joseph
                                      Alexander Murray

                                      owner: Andrew Barclay BRUFF Francis

                                      JONES Adam

                                      *(50) In 1791, from Virginia, wife, 1 boy, 4 girls.
                                      Occ: Shoemaker, Prop: Town lot, imp. house. 40 ac. not govt. 10 ac. imp. house purchased.

                                      CHARLES ??
                                      ?? Betty BETTY
                                      Jack BETTY Sarah
                                      FRANCIS Charles
                                      ?? Dinah
                                      HOVING Jim
                                      HOVING Susannah
                                      OGDEN Thomas
                                      PALMER Hand
                                      PALMER Moses
                                      George Beattie
                                      Charles O'Bruff
                                      PENNOW James

                                      WILLIAM Rogers
                                      SMITH Thomas

                                      *(139)In 1791, sails for Africa, wife. Occ: Farmer. Prop: None

                                      SPARECRAW Phillis
                                      DUNK William
                                      WRIGHT James
                                      WHILLING Sam
                                      WHILLING Susie
                                      THOMAS John
                                      KNICK James
                                      LINDSAY James
                                      PHILLIPS Perry
                                      ?? Charles William Rachel
                                      ROBINSON Joseph
                                      A. Campbell
                                      Andrew Calder
                                      Joseph English
                                      Isaac Enslow
                                      Robert Fox
                                      J. Anderson
                                      Alexander Murray

                                      Muster List for Blucke's Company

                                        Colonel Bluckes' Company  
                                        who have drawn provisions of Birchtown near Shelburne from the 3rd September 1783 to the 24th July 1784.

                                        <div>**Heads of Families****Women and Children**Colonel BluckeMargaret Blucke Isabelle Gibbons Richard Wilkinson William MondayCaptain Hutchins Elizabeth HutchinsAdam Fall Dolly Fall Jerry FallIsaac Bush Lucy BushLuke SmithLukey Smith Jr.Sandy SmithChris Smith Nancy Smith Rose SmithJoseph Frowell Sylvia Smith Jude SmithJames JonesSarah JonesJames ConnorChristian Connor __ ConnorLuke WilsonDolly Wilson</div>

                                        Blucke's Fine

                                          An Extracts of the Fines Acts to Our Lord and King at the general session of the race of Our Lord, the King hold on at the Court House in Shelburne County aforesaid on Tuesday, the thirtieth day of March in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George, the third now King of Great Britain and before Nicholas Ogden, Gregory Springdale and Device Thompson Esquire Justices of our said Lord the King assigned to help the peace in the same county; William Shipman Clarke of the peace fore the county aforesaid there attending.

                                          Of Stephen Blucke of Birchtown in the county aforesaid __ for a __ and vault at the same county where he is indicted and convicted and his fine is set at one shilling which he paid to the Sheriff in Court.

                                          Of John Harris of Shelburne in the county aforesaid Butcher, for a __ and vault where of he is indicted and convicted and his fine is set at five pounds, which he paid to the Sheriff in court

                                          Aaron Buys Land

                                            Ishmael York to Jacob Aaron(a black.) Registered at 10 o'clock in the forenoon on the 7th day of April 1797 a.m. Oath of Stephen Blucke

                                            Birchtown 28th November/1791

                                            Know all men by these presents that the subscriber Ishmael York and his wife, Elizabeth do hereby sell ad forever quit, claim into a certain piece or parcel of lads, known and distinguished by logs No. 96 ad 97 unto Jacob Aaron's, his heirs and yours forever.  For a certain sum of money, the receipt where of is hereby acknowledged and will appear by the _ receipt and the whole of our lawful, right by these presents as forever quit claim not withstand any thing by these presents may be repugnant to law or equity.

                                            Witness our hands and seals the time and place first above written.
                                            In presence of                                                Ishmael  York   LS
                                            Stephen Blucke                                              Elizabeth  York LS

                                            Received for the within mentioned town lots, ten shillings, current money of Halifax.  For which sum, I forever quit claim to every right hereunto, witness my hand. 
                                             In presence of                                               Ishmael  York
                                            Stephen Blucke

                                            <div>William O'Neal to Jacob Aaron.  Registered at Ten o'clock in the forenoon on the 7th day of April 1797 o the oath of Rob Gray.</div>

                                            Know all men by these presents that William O'Neal of the County of Shelburne, in the Province of Nova Scotia, do hereby bargain and sell to Jacob Aaron of Birchtown, all my right title and claim to three town lots situated and being in Birchtown and known and distinguished by lots No. 12, 13 and 14 in block letter H
                                            Witness my hand and seal.
                                            In presence of

                                            William O'Neal LS           
                                            Rob Gray
                                            Stephen Blucke

                                            Received of Jacob Aaron.  One Dollar, being the consideration for the above mentioned three lots.

                                            Birchtown 25th November/1791.

                                            William O'Neal
                                            Stephen Blucke

                                            Blucke's Petition 1792

                                              The prayer of this our Petition to the Throne that our most Gracious Sovereign of his Great goodness will grant to us so much as may enable us to purchase a Cow and two Sheep, which (if obtained) will make us comfortable on our little farms. And as we conceive payment of this Our humble petition is by no means equal to the vast expense of transporting so many of our fellow subjects to Africa, we hope that the Royal favour through Your Excellency's Care and patronage be extended to us.

                                              And Your Petitioners as are duty bound will ever pray vie.

                                              Port Shelburne
                                              1st November 1791

                                              Stephen Blucke

                                              Moses KelleyWillis HerbertLuke WilsonJames NewcombePeter HardenGeorge WiseWilliam DavisYork LawrenceTobias JohnstoneJoseph HarringtonJoseph RavenRobert JamesJoseph NormandThomas CooperBenjamin ShepherdPeter JohnsonHenry GavinJames JonesJames RisoTom Demps BoltonPeter HerbertMichael Wallace