Virginia Military Institute~VIP LIST

Virginia Military Institute~VIP LIST



Stories about Virginia Military Institute~VIP LIST

George Catlett Marshall

    George Catlett Marshall (Class of 1901).

    Biographical Summary:

    A distinguished soldier and statesman, Marshall was born December 3, 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. After graduating from VMI in 1901-- having served as First Captain, the highest ranking cadet-- he entered the U. S. Army. His military career culminated in his appointment as Army Chief of Staff in 1939. He served in this vital position throughout World War II, and Winston Churchill referred to him as "the organizer of the Allied victory." Although he retired from the Army in 1945, General Marshall continued to serve his country as special envoy to China, Secretary of State, President of the American Red Cross, and Secretary of Defense. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 for his significant leadership role in the post-World War II European Recovery Program, commonly known as the Marshall Plan. Marshall died at Walter Reed Army Hospital on October 16, 1959, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
    The photograph on this page shows Marshall as a VMI cadet, 1900-1901.


    United States Army General. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for the Marshall Plan, which he humbly preferred to refer to as the European Recovery Program, a program he created as secretary of state after World War II. Marshall also was chief of staff during World War II, secretaries of state and defense under Harry S. Truman, and president of the American Red Cross. Many consider him to have been the most effective combination of war and peace, honesty and integrity since George Washington. A distant relative of Chief Justice John Marshall, General Marshall was born in Uniontown, Pa. He attended the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Va. He served under General John "Black Jack" Pershing during World War I. In 1939, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointed him chief of staff. So selfless was Marshall in his ambition that when FDR was considering who would lead the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, the general refused to lobby for the position though knowing, like everyone else in the top brass, he deserved it. FDR, however, explained to Marshall that he "couldn't sleep at night" knowing the chief of staff would be out of Washington, so he selected the more ambitious Dwight D. Eisenhower. After the war ended, Marshall retired, but was called back by new President Harry S. Truman to mediate the emerging tension between Mao Zedong and Chiang-Kai-Shek over China's future. After that hopeless endeavor, Marshall was named secretary of state, where he installed the Marshall Plan. He then became president of the American Red Cross. His last post was secretary of defense, which he held during the Korean War. Marshall retired to his beloved Dodona Manor in Leesburg, Va. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery
    Arlington County
    Virginia, USA
    Plot: Section 7, Grave 8198, map grid V 24, within sight of the Tomb of the Unknowns.

    (bio by: LincolnFan)

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