Organization Page

Seminole Indians


The Seminole Indians lived mainly in Florida. Unlike other tribes that were organized along ancestral lines, the Seminole people were made up of various native tribes who were fleeing British colonial, and later American, oppression. The Seminole Indians were considered by the U.S. government as one of the Five Civilized Tribes, but the Seminole people fought hard against assimilation and removal. The Indians kept the American Army busy during the 19th century as they fought in the three Seminole Wars. By the end of the last Seminole War, thousands of Indians had been removed to Oklahoma and only a few remained in Florida, fighting for their freedom. These remaining Seminoles never surrendered and are the only Indian tribe to not negotiate a formal peace with the U.S. Today, Seminoles live in Oklahoma and Florida, but there are still many independent Seminoles who are not organized onto a reservation or tribal lands, showing that the unconquerable Seminole spirit continues to live on.


Related Pages


Pictures & Records (1)

Add Show More


Wind Clan of the Mekasukey Band of Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Wind Clan of the Mekasukey Band of Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

We are on our way to our Mikasukey Band meeting (special call) this evening.

Our Mikasukey Band Representatives on the General Council are Mrs. Eula (nee Narcomey) Doonkeen of the Wind Clan, Rhonda Fixico - Wind Clan.

Our Mikasukey Band Chief is Wahilla Doonkeen (daughter of Ms. Doonkeen),

Second Band Chief is Mrs. Eula Doonkeen and

Band secretary is Alfreda Doonkeen (Daughter of Ms. Doonkeen).

Currently, all council representatives for the Mekasukey Band in the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma are of the Wind Clan.

Alfreda & Wahilla Doonkeen (Sistas)

Origin of the Seminoles

Yamassee lands, South Carolina

The 1715 war between the Colony of South Carolina and the Yamassee and their allies resulted in the exile of this decimated peoples to Florida and the opening of the Yamacraw Bluffs to James Oglethorpe for the founding of the 13th colony, Georgia. Meanwhile the defeated Yamassee and their Catawba allies made their way to Florida, where, under the leadership iof Vacapuchassee (cow keeper) the core of the Seminole tribe was formed. The Seminole carried on the distrust for the Colonists well after the Revolution, fighting four more wars with the Americans from 1816-1854. 

Sounafe Tustenuggee, Abraham

Alligator (Lake City), Fla.

In 1897, Montgomery Folsom wrote in the Macon (Ga.) Telegraph a story about how the Seminole  leader, Abraham came to Florida. The story is intriguing, but also hard to believe- so many historic elements have been rolled into one event- but there may be a modicum of truth behind it. He states that Abraham was blackbirded (induced to run away) from a plantation in Alabama by John Murrell's men, whom he attributes to the guise of The Pony Club and taken to Florida for resale. Abraham slew his captors and ran to Florida to hide with the Seminole. He later returned to his Alabama plantation and aided in the escape of his sister and others. When Osceoloa met his sister he fell madly in love with her and married her. 

Abraham became a thorn in the side of the Americans, raiding settlers from his hidden lair at Abrahamtown in the swamps of Florida. Abraham in 1836 led an attack on Major Dade's 100 men at the Ouithlacoochee River, killing them all. This resulted in the most costly US war to date called both "The Creek War" and the "Second Seminole War". Abraham was defeated and sent west to Oklahoma.



Accoding to records, Abraham was a translator.

Organization Details

Famous Seminoles:
Abiaka--(Sam Jones): Medicine Man who opposed removal and never accepted any peace agreement 1
Osceola--(William Powell): Famous Warrior mainly in Second Seminole War 1
General Facts:
Housing: Chickees 1
Languages: Muscogee (Creek) and Miccosukee 1
Alachua-earliest town established in N. Florida:
1740 2
Battle of Okeechobee:
25 Dec 1837 2
Begin to trade peacefully with whites in Florida:
1890 2
Bingo becomes biggest source of Tribal income.:
1979 2
Constitution ratified, Tribe gains federal status:
1957 2
First formal education begins:
1939 2
First recorded Spanish contact with Seminoles:
1510 2
First Seminole War begins:
1816 2
Osceola captured under flag of truce:
1837 2
Osceola dies in South Carolina prison:
January 1838 2
Second Seminole War begins:
Dec. 28,1835 2
Seminole cattle industry begins.:
1936 2
Tamiami Trail opens:
1928 2
Third Seminole War begins:
1855 2
Third Seminole War ends with capture of Bowlegs:
1858 2
Trail of Tears, 3,000 Seminoles forced to Oklahoma:
1838 2
Treaty of Moultrie Creek:
1823 2
Treaty of Payne's Landing ratified by Congress:
1832 2
U.S. Resolution proposes termination of Seminoles:
1953 2
Headquarters: Abraham 3
Headquarters: Seminole Nation Tribal Headquarters 4
Location: alligator, Fla. 3
Location: Wewoka, Oklahoma 4
Location: Oklahoma 1
Location: South Carolina 3
Location: Florida 1

Looking for more information about Seminole Indians?

Search through millions of records to find out more.

About this Memorial Page