The Holocaust


    ntisemitism permeated German and European society in the early 20th century. The Nazi Empire, in particular, regarded the Jewish people as a threat to the “purity” of the Aryan race. It enacted legislation, most notably the Nuremberg Laws, to strip Jews of their freedoms. The atrocities culminated with the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.” This “solution” led to mass killings of over six million Jews and five million “undesirables”—gypsies, the mentally handicapped, homosexuals, and political agitators. Extermination camps like Auschwitz and Dachau are testaments to the Holocaust and the horrific consequences of prejudice and racism.

    Other: Concentration Camp
    Auschwitz, Poland
    Other: Largest Extermination Camp
    At its peak Auschwitz killed 12,000 people per day
    People or Groups: Role
    Architect of the Final Solution
    People or Groups: Role
    SS General, carried out Final Solution
    Other: Anne Frank and family arrested
    4 Aug 1944
    Other: Displaced Person Camps set up for camp victims
    Jun 1945
    Other: First day of Nuremberg Trials
    20 Nov 1945
    Other: U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau
    29 Apr 1945
    Other: Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins
    19 Apr 1943
    Other: Wannsee Conference implements the Final Solution
    Jan 1942
    Other: Soviets liberate first concentration camp Majdanek
    24 Jul 1944
    Other: Mass killings of Jews using Zyklon-B gas begins
    Jan 1942
    Other: Gas Chambers last used at Auschwitz
    30 Oct 1944
    Other: Prisoners blow up a crematoria at Auschwitz
    7 Oct 1943
    Other: Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz
    27 Jan 1945
    Other: Kristallnacht or Night of Broken Glass
    9 Nov 1938 - 10 Nov 1938
    Other: Jewish boy kills German diplomat vom Rath
    6 Nov 1938
    Other: Nazi concentration camp Dachau opens
    22 Mar 1933
    Other: Nuremberg Laws
    Sep 1935
    Other: Warsaw Ghetto is sealed off, 400,000 Jews inside
    15 Nov 1940
    Other: Nazis begin using gas vans-trucks to kill Jews
    8 Dec 1941
    Other: Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land
    29 Sep 1933
    Other: All Jews required to wear yellow Star of David
    23 Nov 1939
    Other: Nazis begin program of euthanasia in Germany
    Oct 1939
    Other: The Nacht and Nebel (Night and Fog) order passed
    7 Dec 1941
    Holocaust in Poland: Major Ghettos
    Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow, Lublin, and Lvov
    Holocaust in Poland: Auschwitz-Birkenau Extermination Camp
    1 million Jews killed and 1 million non-Jews
    Holocaust in Poland: Treblinka Extermination Camp
    750,000 Jews killed
    Holocaust in Poland: Chelmno Extermination Camp
    150,000 Jews killed
    Holocaust in Poland: Lublin Extermination Camp
    50,000 Jews killed
    Holocaust in Poland: Sobibor Extermination Camp
    200,00 Jews killed
    Holocaust in Poland: Belzec Extermination Camp
    550,000 Jews killed

    2 Sources·2 other

    Reinhard Heydrich
    Heinrich Himmler

    Owner: Clio Anyone can contribute

    Created: 20 Nov 2008

    Modified: 13 Feb 2010

    View Count: 4,163 (Recent: 1)

    Source information: Fold3, The Holocaust ( : accessed 25 Sep 2022), database and images,

    Looking for more information on The Holocaust?
    Find more records