Virginia Stuart Mounted Artillery Battalion, Battery 1st (Confederate)

    01 Jan 1861

    Virginia Stuart Mounted Artillery Battalion, Battery 1st organized at Virginia.

    05 May 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Williamsburg at York County, Virginia; James City County, Virginia; Williamsburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Williamsburg
    The Battle of Williamsburg

    Following the Confederate withdrawal from their Yorktown position, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was not prepared to mount an immediate pursuit with his entire force from the siege lines he had occupied for nearly a month. Initially, he was able to send forward only a portion of his army, led by the Third Corps of Samuel P. Heitzelman, to follow Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Confederates. Heitzelman's divisions, led by Brig. Gens. Joseph Hooker and Phil Kearny, made contact with Johnston's army four miles sout… Read More

    27 Jun 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Gaines' Mill at Hanover County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Gaines' Mill
    The Battle of Gaines' Mill

    Despite his victory over the Confederates at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26th, Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's Fifth Corps abandoned its position early on June 27th and established a new defensive line along Boatswain's Creek, just north of the Chickahominy River. Read More

    28 Aug 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Second Bull Run at Prince William County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Second Bull Run
    The Battle of Second Bull Run

    After the early summer collapse of the Union Peninsula Campaign offensive to capture Richmond, Robert E. Lee sought to move his army north and threaten Washington DC before Union forces could regroup. Read More

    01 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Chantilly at Fairfax Co, VA.

    The Battle of Chantilly
    The Battle of Chantilly

    Confederate Maj. Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat from Manassas the day after the Confederate victory at the second battle fought there. Jackson's wing of Lee's army made a wide, flanking march, screened by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, north and then east, to take the strategically important village of Germantown. There, Maj. Gen. John Pope's only two retreat routes to Washington - the Warrenton Pike and the Little River Turnpike - converged. On September 1st, beyond Chanti… Read More

    17 Sep 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, Maryland.

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam

    The Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee's forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862. Read More

    13 Dec 1862

    Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    The Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg

    In early November, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, and made immediate plans to move the army once again toward Richmond. Read More

    17 Mar 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Kelly's Ford at Culpeper County, Virginia; Fauquier County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Kelly's Ford
    The Battle of Kelly's Ford

    In 1863, the recently organized Union Cavalry Corps possessed superior equipment and the advantages of a plentiful supply of men and horses over their Confederate counterparts, but lacked the confidence, experience, and leadership to challenge Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's troopers. That March, Confederate cavalry under Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee conducted raids against elements of the Union line along the Rappahannock River. In response, on March 16th, 2,100 Union cavalrymen under Brig. Gen. William Averell se… Read More

    30 Apr 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Chancellorsville at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville

    On April 27, 1863, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker launched a turning movement designed to pry Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia out of its lines at Fredericksburg. Read More

    03 May 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Second Fredericksburg at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    09 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Brandy Station at Culpepper County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Brandy Station
    The Battle of Brandy Station

    > *As we emerged from the woods into an open space or field where our mounted skirmishers were deployed, it was clearly discovered that our troops were confronted with a heavy line of infantry, who, with weapons of a longer range than that of our carbines, were dismounting our men at a fearful rate, whilst they were unable to inflict any punishment upon the enemy. As Colonel Devin approached the skirmish line, he at once became the target for the Rebel sharp shooters and, the way the minnie balls were whiz… Read More

    17 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Aldie at Loudon County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Aldie
    The Battle of Aldie

    Less than two weeks after the start of the Gettysburg Campaign, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry successfully screened the Confederate infantry as it marched north behind the sheltering Blue Ridge Mountains. The Union Cavalry Corps commander, Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasanton, ordered forward the division of Brig. Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg to penetrate Stuart's screen. The probing Federals of Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry brigade, in the advance of Gregg's division, encountered Col. Thomas T. Munford… Read More

    30 Jun 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Hanover at Hanover, Pennsylvania.

    01 Jul 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg

    In the summer of 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the Northern states. Lee sought to capitalize on recent Confederate victories and defeat the Union army on Northern soil, which he hoped would force the Lincoln administration to negotiate for peace. Lee also sought to take the war out of the ravaged Virginia farmland and gather supplies for his Army of Northern Virginia. Using the Shenandoah Valley as cover for his army, Lee was pursued first by Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Ho… Read More

    27 Nov 1863

    Participated in the Battle of Mine Run at Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Mine Run
    The Battle of Mine Run

    After the inconclusive Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade planned one more offensive against Gen. Robert E. Lee in northern Virginia before winter weather ended military operations. In late November, Meade attempted to steal a march southeast from Culpeper Courthouse, turn south through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. On November 27th, Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early, in command of Ewell's Corps, marched east on the Orange… Read More

    05 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Wilderness at Spotslyvania County, Virginia; Orange County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Wilderness
    The Battle of Wilderness

    The first battle between Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee erupted late in the morning of May 5, 1864, as Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren's Union V Corps attacked Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps on the Orange Turnpike southwest of the old Chancellorsville battlefield. Although Federal infantry managed to break through at several points, the Confederate line held. Fighting shifted to the south as Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill's Third Corps engaged Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps and ele… Read More

    08 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House at Spotsylvania County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Following the Battle of the Wilderness, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union army south with the hope of capturing Spotsylvania Court House and preventing Robert E. Lee's army from retreating further. Lee's Confederates, however, managed to get ahead of the Federals and block the road. Fighting began on May 8th, when the Union Fifth Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and the Sixth Corps under Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick engaged Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Anderson's First Corps at Laurel Hi… Read More

    31 May 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cold Harbor at Hanover Co; near Mechanicsville, VA.

    The Battle of Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor

    After two days of inconclusive fighting along Totopotomoy Creek northeast of Richmond, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee turned their sights on the crossroads of Cold Harbor. Roads emanating through this critical junction led to Richmond as well as supply and reinforcement sources for the Union army. On May 31, 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry captured Cold Harbor. The next day, Sheridan held the crossroads against a Confederate attack. With reinforcements from both armies arriving… Read More

    09 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Tom's Brook at Shenandoah County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Tom's Brook
    The Battle of Tom's Brook

    After his victory at Fisher's Hill, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan pursued Gen. Jubal Early's army up the Shenandoah Valley to near Staunton. On October 6th, Sheridan began withdrawing, as his cavalry burned everything that could be deemed of military significance, including barns and mills in what became known as "Red October" or "the Burning." Reinforced by Brig. Gen. Joseph Kershaw's division, Early followed Sheridan. Maj. Gen. Thomas Rosser arrived from Petersburg to take command of Fitz Lee's cavalry divis… Read More

    19 Oct 1864

    Participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek at Frederick County, Virginia; Shenandoah County, Virginia; Warren County, Virginia.

    The Battle of Cedar Creek
    The Battle of Cedar Creek

    Known As: Cedar Creek, Belle Grove Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House at Appomattox Court House, VA.

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House
    The Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Between 26,000 and 28,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered and were paroled. Read More

    09 Apr 1865

    Virginia Stuart Mounted Artillery Battalion, Battery 1st mustered out at Virginia.