These images were digitized from NARA microfilm publication M1270, Interrogation Records Prepared for War Crimes Proceedings At Nürnberg, 1945-1947. They include interrogation records of the Office of the U.S. Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality (OCCPAC). Of the original 31 rolls (the contents of each roll are listed below), the first 22 rolls reproduce the English-language pretrial interrogation transcripts as well as summaries and other pertinent records for nearly 200 individuals who were questioned by the Interrogation Division of the OCCPAC. On the remaining rolls are filmed reports from other war crimes investigative units that were received and used either by the OCCPAC or the OCCWC.
The Interrogation Division conducted its interrogations for the benefit of the U.S. prosecution staff at Nürnberg, particularly the International Military Tribunal staff. The persons questioned included not only defendants before the Tribunal but also friendly and unfriendly witnesses. The records were later used by the Office of the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes (OCCWC) in preparing the prosecution before the 12 subsequent U.S. Military Tribunals at Nuernberg from 1946 to 1949 and by other agencies prosecuting or trying war criminals. In addition to the records microfilmed in this publication, those produced by the OCCWC Interrogation Branch from 1946 to 1949 may be found in Microfilm Publication M1019.
The reports of other war crimes investigative units of a number of U.S. or Allied agencies, such as the U.S. 7th Army or Field Intelligence Agency, Technical (FIAT), are filmed on rolls 23-31. The reports pertain to the interrogation of individuals or to the investigation of groups, organizations, and subjects related to the prosecution of war criminals. These reports were also used later by the OCCWC.
The interrogation records in this microfilm publication are part of Record Group 238, National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. The inclusive dates of the records are 1945-1947 with the bulk concentrated in 1945 and 1946.
Note: Much of the content on this page is taken from NARA's descriptive pamphlet for this title. Choose the following link to download a PDF version of the pamphlet: M1270, Interrogation Records Prepared for War Crimes Proceedings At Nürnberg, 1945-1947.