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Sobibor Extermination Camp

(1942—1943)

The Sobibor extermination camp was the second killing center established as part of Operation Reinhard. This operation was the organized killing of all the Jews in German-occupied Poland. Sobibor, along with Belzec and Treblinka, systematically killed thousands of Jews in a horrifying process. Jews were brought to Sobibor by train, forced to undress, and then marched through a tunnel, called “the tube,” to the gas chambers labeled as showers. Only a few Jews survived Sobibor, many being used as forced laborers to clean up after the executions. In October 1943, prisoners, sensing a slowing of operations, staged an uprising where more than 100 prisoners escaped. Sobibor was closed at the end of 1943 when Operation Reinhard ended after 1.7 million Jews had been killed.

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Deportations from France begin:
April 1943 1
Deportations from the Netherlands begin:
05 Mar 1943 1
Deportations resume, up to 1,300 killed daily:
October 1942 1
First deportation arrives, 2,400 Jews killed:
April 1942 1
Himmler orders killing operations accelerated:
19 Jul 1942 1
Lt. Franz Stangl becomes camp commandant:
28 Apr 1942 1
Operation Reinhard ends:
04 Nov 1943 1
Prisoner uprising, almost 100 escape:
14 Oct 1943 1
Regular transports and gassings begin:
03 May 1942 1
Sobibor constructed near Chelm-Wlodawa rail line:
March 1942 1
SS deport at least 13,700 Jews from Soviet Union:
September 1943 1
Victims:
First phase—May-July 1942: 61,400 Jews are killed 1
Total: 167,000 killed, almost all were Jews 1

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