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Plaszow Concentration Camp

(1941—1945)

Plaszow was a forced labor camp for Jews in Krakow, Poland. In 1944, Plaszow became a concentration camp, and at its height of activity, it held nearly 20,000 prisoners. Plaszow is famous for the thousand or so Jews who were saved by Oskar Schindler. Schindler's enamelware factory was in Krakow adjacent to Plaszow. Using the excuse that his Jewish employees were necessary to wartime production, Schindler saved nearly 1,000 Jews from abuse in Plaszow and deportation to extermination camps. On January 19, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated the camp, though most prisoners had already been transferred to camps further west in Austria and Germany.

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Place Details

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Location:
City: Krakow 1
Country: Poland 1
Amon Göth appointed the camp commander:
11 Feb 1943 2
Franz Josef Müller appointed the camp commander:
January 1943 2
Julag II, a forced labour subcamp created:
September 1942 2
Julag I, a forced labour subcamp created:
spring 1942 2
Ghetto created in Krakow:
03 Mar 1941 3
Number of prisoners in Plaszow reaches 20,000:
11 Jan 1944 3
Plaszow is established as a forced labor camp:
1942 3
Schindler moves his Jewish work force toBruennlitz:
21 Oct 1944 3
Soviet forces liberate Krakow & Plaszow:
19 Jan 1945 3
SS destroy Krakow ghettos sending 2,000 to Plaszow:
13 Mar 1943 3

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