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Treblinka Extermination Camp

(1941—1943)

The Treblinka Extermination Camp was divided into two sections. The first section, Treblinka I, was designed as a labor camp and receiving center. The second camp, Treblinka II, was an extermination center where thousands of prisoners were routinely executed daily. The camps were open until August 1943 when Jews remaining in Treblinka II revolted and killed several Germans. These Jews were ordered to dispose of any evidence that Treblinka was an extermination camp. Fearing that, when their work was done, the Germans would kill them, the Jews stormed the gate. About 300 prisoners escaped but many were hunted down and killed. However, after this incident Treblinka was closed and the remaining prisoners were liquidated. Almost one million people died in the Treblinka camp system.

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Treblinka

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Abraham Bomba Describes the Treblinka gas chambers [1990 interview]

And now I want to tell you, I want to tell you about the thing...the gas chamber. It was, they ask me already about this thing. The gas chamber, how it looked. Very simple. Was all concrete. There was no window. There was nothing in it. Beside, on top of you, there was wires, and it looked like, you know, the water going to come out from it. Had two doors. Steel doors. From one side and from the other side. The people went in to the gas chamber from the one side. Like myself, I was in it, doing the job as a barber. When it was full the gas chamber--the size of it was...I would say 18 by 18, or 18 by 17, I didn't measure that time, just a look like I would say I look here the room around, I wouldn't say exactly how big it is. And they pushed in as many as they could. It was not allowed to have the people standing up with their hands down because there is not enough room, but when people raised their hand like that there was more room to each other. And on top of that they throw in kids, 2, 3, 4 years old kids, on top of them. And we came out. The whole thing it took I would say between five and seven minute. The door opened up, not from the side they went in but the side from the other side and from the other side the...the group...people working in Treblinka number 2, which their job was only about dead people. They took out the corpses. Some of them dead and some of them still alive. They dragged them to the ditches, and over there they covered them. Big ditches, and they covered them. That was the beginning of Treblinka.

Source: US Holocaust Memorial Museum; http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_oi.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005193&MediaId=1080

Added by Clio

Place Details

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Location:
City: Treblinka 1
Country: Poland 1
Arrival of Jews deported from Bialystok district:
15 Oct 1942 2
Arrival of Jews from Bulgarian-occupied territory:
11 Mar 1943 2
Deportations arrive for Theresienstadt ghetto:
05 Oct 1942 2
Deportations begin from Radom and Lublin districts:
05 Aug 1942 2
Deportations end and Treblinka II is liquidated:
19 Aug 1943 2
Gassing operations begin in Treblinka II:
23 Jul 1942 2
Himmler orders killing operations accelerated:
19 Jul 1942 2
Himmler orders the end of Operation Reinhard:
04 Nov 1943 2
Labor Camp, Treblinka I established:
15 Nov 1941 2
Prisoners revolt, 300 escape but most are killed:
02 Aug 1943 2
SS temporarily halts deportations:
28 Aug 1942 2
Treblinka II:
Number of Deaths: Between 870,000-925,000 people 2

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