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Battle of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the initial conflict sin the American Revolutionary War. On April 19, 1775, a force of British Army regulars marched from Boston to Concord to capture a cache of arms that was reportedly stored in the town. Forewarned of the British troop movements by Paul Revere and others, colonists from Concord and surrounding towns repulsed a British detachment at the Old North Bridge in Concord and forced the British troops to retreat. On the day of my visit, their were some British reenactors in Concord and they allowed me to take some photo.

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Red Coats reenactors
Red Coats reenactors
Reenactors of British Soldiers were on hand at Concord Battlefield in Masschusetts.
Red Coat Reenactors
Red Coat Reenactors
Reenactors of British Soldiers were on hand at Concord Battlefield in Masschusetts.
Red Coats reenacts.
Red Coats reenacts.
Reenactors of British Soldiers were on hand at Concord Battlefield in Masschusetts. The lady in the forground is dressed in 1775 style dress.
Red Coat Reenactor.
Red Coat Reenactor.
Reenactors of British Soldiers were on hand at Concord Battlefield in Masschusetts.
North Bridge Plaque
North Bridge Plaque
A plaque by the North Bridge, the site of the Battle of Concord.
Minutemen statue at North Bridge
Minutemen statue at North Bridge
A monument to the Minutemen who stopped the British advance. This monument is on Massachusetts quarter.
Minutemen statue at North Bridge.
Minutemen statue at North Bridge.
A monument to the Minutemen who stopped the British advance. This monument is on Massachusetts quarter.
Minutemen at Lexington Green
Minutemen at Lexington Green
The stone marks the spot were the Minutemen stood as they faced the British.
Lexington Green
Lexington Green
The statue of Captain Parker at Lexington Green. Captain Parker was the commander of the Minutemen who fired the first shot of the American Revolution.
British Graves
British Graves
Grave of British soldiers at North Bridge.
The North Bridge in Concord Massachusetts.
The North Bridge in Concord Massachusetts.
The North Bridge in Concord Massachusetts. The American Revolution begun here.
Paul Revere Plaque
Paul Revere Plaque
A plaque on the spot where Paul Revere was captured by the British.
Minutemen
Minutemen
A Minutmen reenactor standing at Lexington Green. Site of the first shot in the American Revolution.
Lexington Green
Lexington Green
The place where the American Revolution begun.
Lexington Green
Lexington Green
The British troops were lined up by the flag pole, while the Minutemen were lined up the Minutemen stone marker to the right. Note, the Minutemen reenactor is heading towards the Minutemen Marker.
Concord Massachusetts
Concord Massachusetts
Concord Massachusetts, note the brown sign to the North Bridge on the right side of the photo
Louisa May Alcott
Louisa May Alcott
The author of Little Women, Louisa May Alcott grew up in Concord Massachusetts. Her famous quote is on a plaque by the North Bridge.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The Ralph Waldo Emerson's home, the Manse is located right next to the North Bridge. His famous Concord Hymne is on a plaque near the North Bridge.
Alcott and Hawthorne
Alcott and Hawthorne
Birth place of Louisa May Alcott, it was purchased by the famous author Nathaniel Hawthorne later,
The British Retreat
The British Retreat
painting of British retreat from Concord to Boston at Concord Visitor Center.
The Battle Road Today
The Battle Road Today
The original Boston to Concord road, much of the fighting took place on this road as the British tried to retreat from Concord to Boston.
The Old Manse
The Old Manse
A plaque by the Old Manse showing it relationship to several famous Concord authors.
The Old Manse
The Old Manse
The Old Manse, the home of Rev. William Emerson, the father of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Henry David Thoreau Reenactor
Henry David Thoreau Reenactor
An reenactor playing the role of Henry David Thoreau in Walden Pond, near Concord. Replicate of Thoreau cabin is in the background
Home of Louisa May Alcott
Home of Louisa May Alcott
The adult home of Louisa May Alcott in Concord, she was famous for Little Women.
Site of Thoreau's cabin
Site of Thoreau's cabin
The site of Thoreau's cabin on the shore of Walden Pond in Concord
Louisa May Alcott's home
Louisa May Alcott's home
The adult home of Lousia May Alcott, it was in this house that she wrote her famous novel, the Little Women
Deaths at Battle of Concord Broadside
Deaths at Battle of Concord Broadside

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Stories

British left Boston secretly

Boston, Massachusetts

Paul Revere Plaque

On the night of April 18, 1775, 700 British troop left Boston secretly. Their mission is to destroy the to capture and destroy military supplies that were reportedly stored by the Massachusetts Militia at Concord. 

But their plans were discovered, and many, including Paul Revere and several others quickly left town in horses to warn the Militia.

Clash at Lexington

Lexington, Massachusetts

Minutemen
4 images

To get to Concord, the British had to pass through Lexington. They arrived at Lexington early in the morning and encountered about 70 armed Minutemen standing at Lexington Green. The British Major ordered the Minutemen to disperse,  just as the Minutemen was about to disperse, a shot rung out, no one remembered where the shot came from, the British then open fire and wounded some Minutemen as they tried to fled. The British allegedly bayonet and shot some of the wounded as they were trying to crawl away, killing eight of them.  Only one British soldier was wounded slightly in the leg. The British then continue their march to Concord.

The commander of Minutemen at Lexington, Captain John Parker supposedly said, "If they meant to have a war then let it begin here". He got his wish,  the American Revolution begun on the spot where he stood, and a stone marker now marks the spot and his statue now stand at Lexington Green (see photo).

Clash at North Bridge in Concord

Concord, Massachusetts

North Bridge Plaque
5 images

By 7:30 a.m., the British force entered Concord intent on destroying weapons. Some military equipments were found and British started a bonfire to burn the arms. The nearby militia had grown to a force of more than 400 men. From their vantage point they saw smoke from the bonfire billowing from the town and assumed that their homes had been torched.

The militia left their hilltop retreat and moved back toward town. On the way, they confronted a contingent of British forces at the North Bridge over the Concord River. Several shots rang out from uncertain sources. No one fell and some of the militiamen assumed that the redcoats were simply trying to intimidate them and that they had no intention of opening fire. That illusion was quickly shattered when a crackling volley was loosed from the British side. Two Americans were killed and the militia promptly returned fire and killed two British by the bridge. The British ranks broke and the soldiers hurried back to Concord.

Famous Concord authors

Concord, Massachusetts

Louisa May Alcott
9 images

Concord Massachusetts was also home to some famous American Authors, such as Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau. Later on, Nathianel Hawthorne also moved to Concord and he brought the childhood home of Louisa May Alcott.

The photos from this story show the home of Louisa May Alcott, Emerson's childhood home and the Henry David Thoreau's cabin by the Walden Pond.

British retreat from Concord

Lexington, Massachusett.

Red Coats reenactors
7 images

After the British were repelled at North Bridge, they decided to leave Concord and march back to Boston. The American militiamen initially stood silently and watched the departure, but later the local men began to take positions behind trees and fences and pour fire into the departing army. The church bells continued their tolling and increasing numbers of farmers and workmen left their tasks to join the rout.

The British were outraged by the American tactics, believing that real soldiers would confront their enemies in the open. Instead, the colonists would open fire from hidden positions as the army passed, then sprint ahead to another protected spot and repeat the process. The tired and angry British soldiers broke into houses along the path of retreat; any man remotely suspected of being one of the snipers was shot and his house burned.

British prospects improved somewhat in Lexington where they finally linked up with the relief forces. Two cannon had been brought from Boston and were used with some effect on the march back. Nevertheless, sniper attacks dogged the British to the city outskirts. At the end of the day, American militiamen began to encircle Boston and started the siege of Boston. And the American Revolution has begun.

The British listed their casualties for the Concord and the retreat to Boston as over 70 killed and around 150 wounded. 

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