Summary

General George A. Custer is one of the most famous U.S. generals, but he did not gain his fame through military genius or heroic acts, he gained it primarily through his death at the Battle of Little Big Horn. He attended West Point Military Academy where he graduated last in his class. He fought well in the Civil War and was afterward put in charge of the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army. He desired success and recognition as he battled the Indians in the 1870s. Custer's ambition led him to foolishly attack a Sioux Indian camp on June 25, 1876. This camp turned out to be the stronghold of the Sioux army and his men were greatly outnumbered when the battle began. The Battle of Little Big Horn is known commonly as “Custer's Last Stand,” and was the worst military defeat in U.S. History. It was the high point for the Sioux nation which fought vigorously for its freedom. For Custer, it gave him the fame he had aspired to, although it also took his life.

Conflict Period:
Civil War (Union) 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Brevet Major General 1
Birth:
New Rumley(HarrisonCo),Ohio 1
Death:
Little Big Horn 1
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Pictures & Records (37)

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Custer, George
Custer, George
USMA Cadet George Custer
USMA Cadet George Custer
George Custer age 20 at West Point.
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george-custer-250.jpg
george-custer-flags.jpg
george-custer-flags.jpg
general-custer-civil-war.jpg
general-custer-civil-war.jpg
custers-cavalry-raid.jpg
custers-cavalry-raid.jpg
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Page 1
B-1151 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1151 Gen. George A. Custer.
comanche.jpg
comanche.jpg
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Page 1
WaltWhitman-death-sonnet.jpg
WaltWhitman-death-sonnet.jpg
Sitting-Bull01.jpg
Sitting-Bull01.jpg
little-bighorn.jpg
little-bighorn.jpg
Keogh-grave.jpg
Keogh-grave.jpg
custer article.jpg
custer article.jpg
Custer, George A. & his dog, 1862.JPG
Custer, George A. & his dog, 1862.JPG
Custer's Grave SM 8-9-2007.jpg
Custer's Grave SM 8-9-2007.jpg
Comanche, 1887, only survivor of Custer's Last Stand.JPG
Comanche, 1887, only survivor of Custer's Last Stand.JPG
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bones.gif
The Custer House on Fort Abe Lincoln
The Custer House on Fort Abe Lincoln
The Custer's house on Fort Abraham Lincoln. Colonel George Custer and his wife stayed here from 1873-1876.
Fort Abraham Lincoln
Fort Abraham Lincoln
Fort Abraham Lincoln, located about 13 miles from Bismark, ND. It was the home the 7th Cavalry and Colonel George Custer and his wife Libby stayed here from 1873 to his death in 1876.
Custer's plaque at Gettysburg Battlefield
Custer's plaque at Gettysburg Battlefield
Custer's plaque at Gettyburg Battlefield
Custer's plaque at Gettyburg Battlefield
A plaque at Gettysburg Battlefield describing Custer' famous charge.
Custer, George A.
Custer, George A.
B-1924 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1924 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1924 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1924 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1923 Gen. George A. Custer and Wife.
B-1923 Gen. George A. Custer and Wife.
B-1922 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1922 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1922 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1922 Gen. George A. Custer.
B-1923 Gen. George A. Custer and Wife.
B-1923 Gen. George A. Custer and Wife.

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Personal Details

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Full Name:
George Armstrong Custer 3
Person:
George Custer 4
Age in 1860: 20 4
Birth:
New Rumley(HarrisonCo),Ohio 2
Birth:
05 Dec 1839 3
New Rumley, Ohio 3
Female 2
Male 3
Birth:
Ohio 4
Male 4
Estimated Birth Year: 1840 4
Death:
Little Big Horn 2
Cause: Battle Casualty 2
Death:
25 Jun 1876 3
Montana 3
Residence:
Place: West Point Town Cornwall, Orange County, New York 4
From: 1860 4
Edit
Birth:
Mother: Marie Ward 2
Father: Emanuel Henry Custer 2
Birth:
Mother: Marie Ward Kirkpatrick 1
Mother: Marie Ward 2
Mother: Maria Custer 3
Father: Emanuel Henry Custer 1
Father: Emanuel Custer 3
Marriage:
Monaseetah 2
27 Nov 1867 2
Texas 2
Marriage:
Elizabeth Bacon 2
02 Feb 1864 2
Monroe(Monroe),Michigan 2
Marriage:
Elizabeth Clift Bacon 3
February 1864 3
To: 25 Jun 1876 3
Edit

Civil War (Union) 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Brevet Major General 1
Service Start Date:
1861 1
Service End Date:
1865 1

Other Service 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Lieutenant colonel 1
Service Start Date:
01 Feb 1866 1
Service End Date:
June 1876 1
Edit
Race or Ethnicity:
Caucasian 2
Occupation:
U.S. Army General 3
Education:
Institution: McNeely Normal School 1
Place: Hopedale, Ohio 1
To: 1856 1
Education:
Institution: West Point Military Academy 3
Place: New York 3
From: 1857 3
To: 1861 3
Court-martial, suspended for one year:
September 1867 5
Court-martial, suspended for one year:
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 5
Fights in the Battle of Gettysburg:
July 1-3, 1863 5
Fights in the First Battle of Bull Run:
21 Jul 1861 5
First fight in the Battle of First Manassas:
July 1861 5
Graduated at the bottom of his class at West Point:
June 1861 5
Killed during the Battle of Little Big Horn:
25 Jun 1876 5
Promoted to Brigadier General:
28 Jun 1863 5
Promoted to Captain:
05 Jun 1862 5
Promoted to First Lieutenant, 5th Cavalry:
17 Jul 1861 5
Promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 7th Cavalry:
July 1866 5
Reinstated early by General Sheridan:
1868 5
Successful attack against Black Kettle's band:
November 1868 5

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Stories

Custer's Court-Martial

Page 1

 

In September 1867, General Custer was charged and court-martialed with “absence without leave from his command,” and “conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline.” After Custer was appointed lieutenant colonel over the 7th Cavalry, he and his men set off to assist the U.S. Army with the Indian problems in eastern Kansas. Major General Winfield S. Hancock was assigned to head a campaign against the Indians in the spring of 1867, and Custer's 7th Cavalry would be a major part of the campaign. On July 17, 1867, Custer arrived at Fort Wallace to find it under siege by Indians, low supplies of food and ammunition, and soldiers plagued with cholera. Acting entirely on his own, Custer abandoned the fort and traveled to Fort Harker, 225 miles east, to obtain supplies. He arrived at Fort Harker on July 19 and was arrested on the 21st. His court-martial was set for September. Custer was found guilty on five charges and suspended from duty and pay for one year. However, in 1868, General Philip Sheridan faced a new onslaught of Indian attacks, and he called Custer back early to help. This began the last chapter of Custer's life that ended with the Battle of Little Big Horn where he died fighting the most successful group of Indian warriors in United States history.

 

Source: http://law.jrank.org/pages/2594/George-Armstrong-Custer-Court-Martial-1867.html

 

 

Added by Clio

Custer at Gettysburg

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Custer's plaque at Gettysburg Battlefield
2 images

On the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee planned to launch a two prong attack on the Union position.  The Union front will be attacked by Pickett's Charge, while the Confederate cavalry, led by JEB Stuart.

About two miles from the Union line, Stuart's Cavalry was met by Union Cavalry led by George Custer.  After a brief but bloody clash, the Confederate was forced to  retreat.

Fort Abraham Lincoln

Bismark, North Dakota

The Custer House on Fort Abe Lincoln
2 images

The 7th Cavalry under Colonel George Custer was stationed in Fort Abe Lincoln in what was then, the Dakota Territory. Today is located on the Missouri River some 13 miles down stream from Bismark, North Dakota.  Colonel George Custer and his wife Libby stayed here from 1873 til his death in 1876.  It was from here that 7th Cavalry departed for the Big Horn.

Custer Relatives Killed at Little Big Horn

Chattanooga, Tn

[Source] Wikipedia "Battle of the Little Big Horn"

General Custer had two brothers who were killed at Little Big Horn; Boston and Thomas. His brother-in-law, James Calhoun, and a nephew, Henry Reed, were also killed.

Percent of Casualties

Chattanooga, Tn

Custer suffered a 52% casualty rate (268 deaths).

[Source] Wikipedia. com "Battle of the Little Big Horn"

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