NARA publication M595 consists of census rolls submitted annually by agents or superintendents of Indian reservations as required by an 1884 Act of Congress. Most rolls include the English and/or Indian name of the person, roll number, age or date of birth, sex, and relationship to head of family. Beginning in 1930 the rolls also show the degree of Indian blood, marital status, ward status, place of residence, and sometimes other information. Only persons who maintained a formal affiliation with a tribe under Federal supervision are listed on these census rolls. There is not a census for every reservation or group of Indians for every year. Some tribes, particularly those in the East, were never under Federal jurisdiction and therefore not included in this publication.
Much of the information on this page is taken from the descriptive pamphlet (DP) published by NARA and prepared by Edward E. Hill, which also includes a list of jurisdications as well as the contents of each of the 692 original rolls of microfilm from which these images were digitized. The DP for M595 can be viewed or downloaded here.