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A History of American Immigration

(1780—1970)

The individuals that make up the term “Americans” come from various backgrounds of ethnicities and race. Beginning with Jamestown and later the English Puritans, who fled religious persecution, the United States of America was built by immigrants who came to this country seeking change and a new life. From the Irish who left a famine-torn country, to the Chinese who found prejudice wherever they turned, every group faced challenges and overcame obstacles in the process of becoming American. The history of immigration in the United States includes millions of individuals, hundreds of cultures, and dozens of countries. It is a patchwork quilt and a melting pot. Most of all, the history of American immigration is the story of the individuals who crossed water and land to take part in the “American Dream” and change the lives of their families for generations.

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Ellis Island
Ellis Island
Page
Page
Other (1920)
Other (1920)
Page 1
Page 1
Declaration of Intention (1930)
Declaration of Intention (1930)
Page 4
Page 4
Other (1922)
Other (1922)
Petition
Petition
Petition for Naturalization (1920)
Petition for Naturalization (1920)
polish-dance-club
polish-dance-club
St. Charles Church Bridgeport, CT Taken on 14 October 1937
russian-army-immigrants
russian-army-immigrants
Taken in New York sometime in the late 30s or early 40s.
Ellis Island, 1978.jpg
Ellis Island, 1978.jpg
ellis-island.jpg
ellis-island.jpg
Barge Office, temporary immigration center, 1900.jpg
Barge Office, temporary immigration center, 1900.jpg
Castle Garden immigration processing center, 1906.jpg
Castle Garden immigration processing center, 1906.jpg
Al Capone Verdict
Al Capone Verdict
In June 1930, notorious Chicago gangster Al Capone was indicted for income tax evasion. He was sentenced to serve 11 years in prison and to pay $80,000 in fines and court costs.
Children at Ellis Island
Children at Ellis Island
Source: National Archives By Brown Brothers, ca. 1908 Immigrant children, Ellis Island, New York. Vintage print. Records of the Public Health Service. (90-G-125-29)
ellisIsland boat.jpg
ellisIsland boat.jpg
Ellis_island_1902.jpg
Ellis_island_1902.jpg
EllisIsland11.jpg
EllisIsland11.jpg
EllisIsland10.jpg
EllisIsland10.jpg
EllisIsland9.jpg
EllisIsland9.jpg
EllisIsland6.jpg
EllisIsland6.jpg
A view of immigrants inside the Ellis Island Dining Room. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album104.asp
EllisIsland7.jpg
EllisIsland7.jpg
Immigrants aboard a ship heading for the Port of New York, circa 1892. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album107.asp
EllisIsland4.jpg
EllisIsland4.jpg
Eight orphan children arrive from Russia in May 1908 on the SS Caronia. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album101.asp
EllisIsland2.jpg
EllisIsland2.jpg
Immigrants are sworn in as United States citizens at a 1917 naturalization ceremony in Newark, New Jersey. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album102.asp
EllisIsland3.jpg
EllisIsland3.jpg
A 46-star American flag dates this photo of the Great Hall between 1907-1912. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album105.asp
EllisIsland5.jpg
EllisIsland5.jpg
A group of Missionaries pose outside the Main Building of Ellis Island, May 1908. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album103.asp
EllisIsland8.jpg
EllisIsland8.jpg
Immigrants being given a mental test at Ellis Island. Source: http://www.ellisisland.org/photoalbums/ellis_island_album114.asp

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Al Capone

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2 images

Al Capone’s father, Gabriele Capone, immigrated to the United States from Italy and became a citizen on May 25, 1906. Alphonse Gabriele “Al” Capone, born in Brooklyn, New York, on January 17, 1899, was the most notorious gangster of the 1920s. Al Capone, also know as “Scarface,” began his life of crime at an early age, dropping out of school in the sixth grade and joining the Five Points gang in Manhattan. Capone earned a living in Chicago during the Prohibition Age through bootlegging and running saloons, gambling houses, speakeasies, bookie joints, horse and race tracks, nightclubs, distilleries, breweries and brothels. Although he was arrested several times, Al Capone did not spend much time in jail until 1931, when he was convicted for income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. After being incarcerated in Atlanta and Alcatraz, he was released on November 16, 1939, for good behavior. He died on January 25, 1947.    

 

Source: http://www.chicago.org/history/capone/cpn4.html

Charles Alexander See of See’s Candies

Declaration of Intention (1930)

Charles Alexander See immigrated to the United States from Canada on October 20, 1919, with his wife Florence and three of their children. After moving to Los Angeles, California, Charles started a candy business with his mother, Mary See, using her candy recipes. The first See’s Candies shop opened on Western Avenue, Los Angeles, in November of 1921. The business grew from twelve shops in the mid-1920s to thirty shops during the Depression, and by 1936, See’s Candies was in San Francisco. To this day, See’s Candies remains one of the most successful candy stores and still resembles the vision Charles See had when he came to America in 1919.

 

Source: http://www.sees.com/index.cfm/about_us/history

Chef Boyardee

Other (1922)

Ettore Boiardi was born in Borgonovo, Italy, on October 22, 1897. He came to the United States on May 12, 1914, at age eighteen to work as a chef at the Ritz Carlton in New York City. Ettore, or Hector, moved to Cleveland three years later to be head chef at the Hotel Winton. It was there that his spaghetti dinners became famous in the Midwest. He married Helen Wroblewski, and they opened their first restaurant, Giardino d’Italia, in 1924. Chef Boiardi’s recipes were so popular by 1928, that he opened a factory to produce his meals that were then sold in stores across the Midwest. His success prompted him to change the spelling of his name to Boyardee so his customers could phonetically pronounce his name. The Boyardee Company grew during the Depression, due to the inexpensive and high quality of the food. Ettore died in Parma, Italy, on June 21, 1985, leaving behind him a successful career as chef and developer of one of the most popular food brands of the twentieth century.

 

Source: http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?d=BH10   

1953 Commercial for Chef Boyardee Spagetti: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSFIdYcClrs

Bob Hope

Other (1920)
2 images

Born Leslie Towns Hope, Bob Hope came from England to America on April 21, 1907, as a child with his mother and father. His dad, William Henry Hope, worked as a mason. Bob would joke later in life that he “left England at the age of four when I found out I couldn’t be king.” Hope became a famous actor and American icon. His first major role to earn him recognition from both the critics and the public came in 1939, when he played Huckleberry Haines in the Broadway musical, Roberta. His first major feature film was for Paramount Pictures, The Big Broadcast of 1938. Later in 1938, Bob signed a contract with Pepsodent for his own radio show on NBC.  Bob Hope succeeded in every field he ventured into, including television where he made his biggest success. For sixty years Bob Hope hosted his show on NBC, entertaining viewers and earning top ratings. He befriended presidents and received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth in 1998. Bob Hope died on July 27, 2003. In his lifetime, he received over two thousand awards and citations for humanitarian and professional efforts.

 

Source: http://www.bobhope.com/BobBio6.htm

Topic Details

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American Ancestry Statistics (2000 Census):
0.18%: Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander— 1
0.97%: American Indian or Alaska native 1
10.8%: Irish Ancestry 2
12.9%: African Ancesty, mostly brought as slaves 2
15.1%: Hispanic Ancestry 1
19.2%: German Ancestry 2
3.2%: Polish Ancestry 2
3.7%: Scandinavian Ancestry 2
4.2%: Asian Ancestry 3
5.6%: Italian Ancestry 2
7.7.%: English Ancestry 2
Average number of immigrants per year: 14,538:
1820-1831 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 160,427:
1855-1864 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 234,536:
1915-1919 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 252,210:
1947-1960 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 260,754:
1874-1880 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 276,547:
1894-1899 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 327,464:
1865-1873 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 332,168:
1961-1970 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 334,506:
1847-1854 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 4,325:
1700-1780 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 412,474:
1920-1930 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 50,507:
1931-1946 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 525,102:
1881-1893 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 71,916:
1832-1846 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 891,806:
1900-1914 4
Average number of immigrants per year: 9,900:
1780-1819 4
Castle Gardens opens:
1855 5
Literacy Tests required for new immigrants:
1917 4
California Gold Rush:
1849 6
California Gold Rush:
Sutter's Mill, California 6
Fidel Castro’s Cuban revolution:
1959 6
Fidel Castro’s Cuban revolution:
Cuba 6
Immigration Act of 1965 reorganizes quota system:
1965 6
Japanese laborers arrive in Hawaii:
1868 6
Japanese laborers arrive in Hawaii:
Hawaii 6
War Bride Act:
1945 6
Bureau of Immigration established:
1891 7
Ellis Island closes:
1954 7
Homestead Act:
1862 7
Irish Potato Famine:
Ireland 8
Irish Potato Famine:
1846 7
National Origins Act establishes quota system:
1924 7
World War I slows down immigration:
31 Dec 1969 7
First Ellis Island Immigration Station opens:
New York, New York 8
First Ellis Island Immigration Station opens:
01 Jan 1892 9
Peak year at Ellis Island, 1,004,756 immigrants:
1907 9
Immigration now controlled by Federal Government:
1875 10
Internal Security Act creates “green cards”:
1950 10
Naturalization Act of 1790:
1790 10
The Chinese Exclusion Act:
1882 10

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