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Japan in World War II

(1931—1945)

During the 1930s and through World War II, the Japanese military controlled the government of Japan. Unlike Germany and Italy, Japan did not have a dictator, but an oligarchic and militaristic system ruling the country. Japan admired Hitler’s regime and used the Nazis to advance Japan’s military, but this member of the Axis power ruled differently and fought differently than its European allies. Japan, during World War II, made history by attacking Pearl Harbor, quickly conquering vast territories in the Pacific, defying the Geneva Convention by mistreating prisoners of war, and fighting to the death with legendary kamikazes.

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Four of the Flag Raisers (Bradley, Hayes, Sousley & Strank) appear with their buddies
Four of the Flag Raisers (Bradley, Hayes, Sousley & Strank) appear with their buddies
Source: http://www.iwojima.com/raising/l721flag.gif
Here's Rosenthal snapping a posed shot minutes after the second flag raising.
Here's Rosenthal snapping a posed shot minutes after the second flag raising.
Source: http://www.iwojima.com/raising/raisingb.htm
General Kuribayashi
General Kuribayashi
General Kuribayashi, the Japanese Commander of Iwo Jima
IwoJimaFlagRaisers.jpg
IwoJimaFlagRaisers.jpg
World War II Iwo Jima Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients; Ira Hamilton Hayes, Michael Strank, Harlon H. Block, Franklin R. Sousley, Rene A. Gagnon and John H. Bradley Source: http://www.medalofhonor.com/IwoJimaFlagRaisers.jpg
IwoJima2.jpg
IwoJima2.jpg
Source: http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/images/ww2-155.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops4.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops4.jpg
Source: US Marine Corps
IwoJimaUStroops3.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops3.jpg
Source: US Marine Corps
firstflagraisingIwoJima.jpg
firstflagraisingIwoJima.jpg
First flag raising on Iwo Jima, not the famous flag raising with the larger American flag. Source: US Marine Corps
InjuredMarines.jpg
InjuredMarines.jpg
US Marine Corps photo
IwoJimaUStroops2.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops2.jpg
US Marines climb up the volcanic island of Iwo Jima. Source: US Marines; http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-IwoJima/img/USMC-M-IwoJima-p55.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops.jpg
IwoJimaUStroops.jpg
Source: US Marines: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-IwoJima/img/USMC-M-IwoJima-p45.jpg
USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
Source:US Marines; http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-IwoJima/img/USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
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IwoJima.jpg
IwoJima.jpg
"Flag raising on Iwo Jima." Joe Rosenthal, Associated Press, February 23, 1945. 80-G-413988. (ww2_156.jpg)
EndofWarII.jpg
EndofWarII.jpg
"GI's at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France, whoop it up after buying the special edition of the Paris Post, which carried the banner headline, `JAPS QUIT.'" T3c. G. Lempeotis, August 10, 1945. 111-SC-210208.
PearlHarbor.jpg
PearlHarbor.jpg
Captured Japanese photograph taken during the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor. In the distance, the smoke rises from Hickam Field. 80-G-30550.
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1St Lt. D.A. Mcgovern, Buffalo, N.Y., Usaf, Member Of The Newsreel Pool, Stands At Exact Spot Where The Atomic Bomb Dropped At Nagasaki, Japan. This Spot Is Now Called "Zero". In The Distant Background May Be Seen The Urakami Cathedral. 8 September 194
Pearl Harbor - USS Arizona.jpg
Pearl Harbor - USS Arizona.jpg
The USS Arizona seen burning after the attack by the Japanese at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the morning of December 7, 1941. (Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, NLR-PHOCO-http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/images/uss-arizona-burning.gif
USSWestVirginia.jpg
USSWestVirginia.jpg
Source: National Archives. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. Photo #: 80-G-19930. http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g10000/g19930t.jpg
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A Japanese Phosphorous Bomb Explodes Beneath Boeing B-29'S Of Major General Curtis E. Lemay'S 21St Bomber Command During A Recent Mission Over Kagamigahara, Japan, Site Of A Huge Air Depot Approximately 30 Miles North Of Nagoya. Two Large Plants Of The K
VJday.jpg
VJday.jpg
"New York City celebrating the surrender of Japan. They threw anything and kissed anybody in Times Square." Lt. Victor Jorgensen, August 14, 1945. 80-G-377094.
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1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
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First Army Photo Of Bombing Of Hawaii, 7 Dec. 41. Jap Submarine Beached At Bellows Field, T.H. Filed - War Theatre #22 (Hawaiian Aislands) - Bombing
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Pearl Harbor Flag Flies At Hickam Field -- The Garrison Flag, Pictures, Which Flew Over Hickam Field, Hawaii, On December 7, 1941 At The Time Of The Japanese Attack, Was Raised Again At 7:55 Am Today (Hawaii Time) In Special Ceremonies At The Hawaiian Bas
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Marianas Islands. Major Charles W. Sweeney, Pilot Of The B-29 'Bockscar' Which Dropped The Atomic Bomb On Nagasaki, Japan, 9 August 1945, Is Shown Before His Mission Shaking Hands With Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Pilot Of The B-29 'Enola Gay' Which Atom-Bom

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Stories

General Hideki Tojo—The Dominant leader of Japan during World War II

Japan

Hideki_Tojo.jpg

Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, and Franklin Roosevelt are popular figures associated with the Second World War, but Japan was also a prominent part of the war, yet those who led this country are often forgotten in popular history. General Hideki Tojo rose in the ranks of the Japanese military and government until he consolidated power. While Hideki Tojo never reigned supreme like Hitler or Stalin, he led the military force that controlled Japan.

            Hideki Tojo was born into a military family and graduated from the Imperial Military Academy and the Military Staff College. He served as a military attaché at the Japanese embassy in Berlin after World War I. This time abroad displayed Tojo’s talent for leadership and field command to the military in Japan, and he was promoted to lead the 1st Infantry Regiment of the Japanese Army. In 1938, when Japan invaded China, Hideki Tojo became vice-minister of war. He also enthusiastically supported the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy in 1940. Tojo liked Germany and supported fascist doctrines, but he also desired this alliance because he mistrusted the Soviet Union. Tojo, as early as 1938, had advocated a joint invasion of China and the Soviet Union as a pre-emptive attack on Stalin’s empire.  While Tojo supported war with the Soviet Union, he did not want with the United States. However, after Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister of Japan in 1941 and the U.S. set an embargo on oil to Japan, he realized that if negotiations failed, war was necessary. Tojo supported the devastating attack on the American military bases at Pearl Harbor; the invasions of the Philippines, Singapore, and other territories; and the terrifying treatment of prisoners of war. He served as Prime Minister and Minister of War consecutively until 1944. When the Japanese invasion of the Marianas Islands failed in July 1944, Tojo resigned from his office along with his entire cabinet. After he tried unsuccessfully to shoot himself, he was arrested and tried for war crimes in April 1946. Tojo and many other Japanese military leaders were convicted and hanged for their roles in World War II.

            Hideki Tojo served as a dictator in many ways, although he was not all-powerful like Hitler and Mussolini. He supported fascist doctrines, but he could not institute many ideas because he had to answer to the military oligarchy that ruled Japan. The military leaders, in many ways led by Hideki Tojo, are remembered as a group that committed terrible war crimes and achieved great victory before great defeat. Tojo sat at the front of it all, from the invasion of China, to Pearl Harbor, and the devastating atomic bombs that forced his country to declare unconditional surrender.

 

Sources: http://www.2worldwar2.com/leaders.htm

             http://www.world-war-2.info/japanese-military-leaders.php

Added by Clio

Topic Details

Edit
Economy:
Mixed Economy: Government guided business and businesses produced with a free-enterprise system 1
Government:
Oligarchy: Military Controlled 1
Leaders:
Admiral Mineichi Koga: Commander in Chief of the Combined Fleet, 1943 2
Chuichi Nagumo: Director of the air attacks on Pearl Harbor 2
Emperor Hirohito: passive role until 1945, government run by the military 2
General Hideki Tojo: Prime Minister of Japan 2
Isoruku Yamamoto: Commander in Chief of the Combined Fleet, 1939-42 2
Soemu Toyoda: Commander in Chief of the Combined Fleet, 1944-45 2
Bataan Death March begins:
10 Apr 1942 3
Battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal:
September 12, 1942--September 14, 1942 3
Battle of Midway:
June 4, 1942--June 5, 1942 3
Battle of the Bismark Sea, U.S. victory:
March 2, 1943--March 4, 1943 3
Formal Japanese surrender, V-J day:
02 Sep 1945 3
Japan attacks U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan:
03 Apr 1942 3
Japan surrenders to Allies:
14 Aug 1945 3
Philippines liberated:
05 Jul 1945 3
Suffers 1st defeat during Battle of the Coral Sea:
May 7, 1942--May 8, 1942 3
The first suicide air (Kamikaze) attacks occur:
25 Oct 1944 3
U.S. declares war on Japan:
08 Dec 1941 3
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima:
06 Aug 1945 3
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima:
Hiroshima, Japan 3
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki:
09 Aug 1945 3
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki:
Nagasaki, Japan 3
U.S. forces invade Okinawa:
01 Apr 1945 3
U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima:
19 Feb 1945 3
U.S. troops liberate Guam:
27 Jul 1944 3
US begins submarine warfare against Japanese ships:
01 Jun 1943 3
“Doolittle’s Raid” or “30 Seconds over Tokyo”:
18 Apr 1942 3
Japan attacks Dutch East Indies and Dutch Borneo:
11 Jan 1942 3
Japan attacks Dutch East Indies and Dutch Borneo:
Borneo 3
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor:
07 Dec 1941 3
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor:
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 3
Japan begins the siege of Singapore:
Singapore 3
Japan begins the siege of Singapore:
31 Jan 1942 3
Japan invades Burma:
11 Dec 1941 3
Japan invades Burma:
Burma 3
Japan invades the Philippines and seizes Guam:
10 Dec 1941 3
Japan invades the Philippines and seizes Guam:
Philippines 3
Japan invades the Philippines and seizes Guam:
Guam 3
Japan joins the Axis Powers:
1940 3
Japan occupies French Indochina:
1940 3
Japan occupies French Indochina:
Indochina 3
Japan seizes Manchuria:
1931 3
Japan seizes Manchuria:
Manchuria, China 3
Japan withdraws from the League of Nations:
1933 3
The second Sino-Japanese War breaks out:
July 1937 3
U.S. Gen Douglas MacArthur leaves Philippines:
23 Dec 1941 3

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