US Medal of Honor and CS Medal of Honor
Only since 1968 have the Sons of Confederate Veterans awarded the Confederate Medal of Honor.
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Below is a small list of US Medal of Honor winners and CS Medal of Honor winners from the Battle of Gettysburg:
FROM THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG
Rank and Organization: Musician, Company B, 73d Ohio Infantry. Place and Date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1-3 July 1863. Entered Service At: Chillicothe, Ohio. Birth: Germany. Date of Issue: 11 September 1897.
Voluntarily took a rifle and served as a soldier in the ranks during the first and second days of the battle. Voluntarily and at his own imminent peril went into the enemy's lines at night and, under a sharp fire, rescued a wounded comrade.
Musician Richard Enderlin was one of 63 men who was awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1 - 3, 1863. He was cited for his heroism over all three days of the battle. Though his 2d Brigade was not engaged in the fighting north of the town with the rest of the 11th Corps, his unit was called upon to provide and defend Cemetery Hill throughout the three days of combat. During this period, though assigned as a bugler, Musician Enderlin voluntarily shouldered a musket and joined his comrades in action. On the night of July 2 Musician Enderlin voluntarily crossed the enemy's lines under heavy fire to rescue a wounded comrade, Private George Nixon. Private Nixon was the grandfather of the man who became our president, Richard M. Nixon. Private Nixon subsequently died of his combat wounds at Gettysburg, and Musician Enderlin was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism throughout the battle.
CAPT. JAMES CLARKE POSTLE
Rank and Organization: Captain, Company A, 1st Delaware Infantry. Place and Date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered Service At: Wilmington, Del. Born: 28 September 1840, Camden, Del. Date Of Issue: 22 July 1892.
Voluntarily delivered an order in the face of heavy fire of the enemy.
Captain James Postles was one of 63 men who was awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1 - 3, 1863. He was cited for his heroism on the second day of that battle at the Bliss Farm House west of Cemetery Ridge. On that day possession of the house and nearby barn changed hands several times between the opposing forces, at one point the rebels holding the barn while Union forces held the house. From the barn, enemy sharpshooters rained effective fire on the Union forces at Cemetery Ridge, and General Alexander Hayes called for an attack on the barn. Captain Postles voluntarily carried that order from the lines to the farm house under a withering hail of enemy fire that focused on the lone messenger in the battlefield. Captain Postles safely reached the farm house with orders for the attack on the barn, which successfully captured the barn along with 40 prisoners, while Captain Postles returned to the Union lines.
CORP. HENRY D. O'BRIEN
Rank and Organization: Corporal, Company E, 1st Minnesota Infantry. Place and Date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered Service At: St. Anthony Falls, Minn. Birth: Maine. Date Of Issue: 9 April 1890.
CITATION: Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.
Corporal Henry O'Brien was one of 63 men who was awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1 - 3, 1863. Though his citation notes only his heroism on the last day of that battle, on July 2 Corporal O'Brien was conspicuous for caring a wounded comrade back to the union lines in a battle that had cost the 1st Minnesota 262 casualties. On July 3 with only forty-seven men remaining, the 1st Minnesota assisted in repulsing Pickett's Charge. In that action the regiment's color bearer was struck down, and Corporal O'Brien picked up the flag to continue the advance. He was struck in the side of the head by a spent bullet which never-the-less knocked him momentarily senseless. Still, he retained hold of the flag and advanced with his unit though wounded a second time, this time by a bullet to the hand. Ignoring this second wound, Corporal O'Brien retained control of his flag until the enemy assault had been broken.
PVT. MARSHALL SHERMAN
Rank and Organization: Private, Company C, 1st Minnesota Infantry. Place and Date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered Service At: St. Paul, Minn. Birth: Burlington, Vt. Date Of Issue: 1 December 1864.
Capture of flag of 28th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
Private Marshall Sherman was one of 63 men who was awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in the battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1 - 3, 1863. On the second day of that battle, Private Sherman's regiment suffered nearly 80% casualties while fighting to plug a hole in the Union lines. The following day the few remaining men of the 1st Minnesota Infantry again charged the enemy during Pickett's Charge in order to again fill a gap in the Union lines. During the horrible fighting that followed, Private Sherman captured the flag of the 28th Virginia Infantry (Confederate States of America) of Garnett's Brigade.