Summary

Conflict Period:
World War II 1
Branch:
Army 1
Birth:
1925 1
Texas 1
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Personal Details

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Person:
Wilbur James Chapman 1
Level of Education: 4 years of high school 1
Marital Status: Single, without dependents 1
Birth:
1925 1
Texas 1
Residence:
Place: Carson County, Texas 1
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World War II 1

Branch:
Army 1
Enlistment Date:
13 Nov 1943 1
Army Branch:
No branch assignment 1
Army Component:
Selectees (Enlisted Men) 1
Army Serial Number:
38606304 1
Enlistment Place:
Lubbock Texas 1
Enlistment Term:
Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law 1
Source of Army Personnel:
Civil Life 1
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Occupation:
Farm hands, general farms 1
Race or Ethnicity:
White 1
Source Information:
Box Number: 1357 1
Film Reel Number: 6.123 1

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Stories

42-24598

Isley Field on Saipan in the Mariana Islands

Wilbur James “Sleepy” Chapman was born in 1925 at Texas.  Enlisted in the Army Air Corps on 13 November 1943 at Lubbock, Texas.  Joined “Crew A-5” and underwent B-29 aircraft transition and combat crew training at Pratt Army Air Field, Kansas.  In September 1944, deployed to the Central Pacific Theatre of Operations and was assigned to 20th Air Force, XXI Bomber Command, 73rd Bomb Wing, 497th Bombardment Group, 869th Bomb Squadron stationed at Isley Field on Saipan in the Mariana Islands.  On 9 January 1945, he flew as an Aerial Gunner in the right blister station aboard a Boeing B-29 Superfortress nicknamed “Waddy’s Wagon” (Serial #42-24598) Tail Code: A-Square-5.  It was one of 72 aircraft launched in a multi-group formation to bombard the Musashino Aircraft Works and Nakajima Aircraft Engine Factory near Tokyo, Japan.  After the bomb run, his aircraft was last sighted 10 miles east of Choshi Point off mainland Japan at 27,000 feet and descending to provide protection to B-29 A-Square-46 which was under attack from 15 Nakajima Ki-44 “Tojo” fighter planes.  He was killed when his aircraft was forced to ditch at a geographic location of approximately 34 degrees North and 143 degrees East.  The next day a B-17 “Dumbo” search plane was dispatched to the area, but no wreckage or survivors were ever found.  He was declared KIA one year later.

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