Summary

Adam Mervin Bailey U.S. Army WWII

Conflict Period:
World War II 1
Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Private First Class 2
Birth:
27 May 1923 3
1923 1
Thorndale, Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada 3
British North America Or Canada Or Labrador Or Newfoundland 1
Death:
16 Apr 1982 2
Orange County, California 2
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Personal Details

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Person:
Adam Mervin Bailey 4
Adam M Bailey 1
Level of Education: 2 years of high school 1
Marital Status: Single, with dependents 1
Birth:
27 May 1923 3
1923 1
Thorndale, Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada 3
British North America Or Canada Or Labrador Or Newfoundland 1
Death:
16 Apr 1982 2
Orange County, California 2
Residence:
Place: Ischua, Cattaraugus County, New York 2
Place: Cattaraugus County, New York 1
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World War II 1

Branch:
Army 1
Rank:
Private First Class 2
Service Start Date:
19 Feb 1943 2
Service End Date:
06 Jan 1946 2
Enlistment Date:
12 Feb 1943 1
Enlistment Location:
Fort Niagara, NY 2
Army Branch:
Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA 1
Army Component:
Selectees (Enlisted Men) 1
Army Serial Number:
32833253 1
Campaigns:
New Guinea, Southern Philippines, Luzon 2
Decorations:
Asiatic Pacific Service Medal with 4 bronze service stars, Good Conduct Medal, Philippines Liberation Ribbon, World War II Victory Medal 2
Enlistment Place:
Buffalo New York 1
Enlistment Term:
Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law 1
Source of Army Personnel:
Civil Life 1
Unit:
1913th Engineer Aviation Battalion 2
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Occupation:
Semiskilled occupations in building of aircraft, n.e.c. 1
Race or Ethnicity:
White 1
Source Information:
Box Number: 0571 1
Film Reel Number: 2.235 1

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Stories

Cape Gloucester, New Britain - 1913th Aviation Engineer Battalion

On December 26, 1943, when the 1st Marine Division went ashore at Cape Gloucester, on the northwest tip of New Britain, it was accompanied by the 19th Construction Battalion, whose mission was the building of roads for supplies and access during the assault, and the preparation of beaches and piers for landing craft.

Reconstruction of two enemy airstrips, which were the principal objectives of the attack and from which United States planes could continue raids against Japanese-held Rabaul and Kavieng, was carried out by the 1913th and 841st Army Aviation Engineer Battalions. The strips were captured by the Marines on December 30, and next day the American flag was raised over all Cape Gloucester.

Road construction, with necessary bridges, continued throughout the Seabees' stay. Pulverized volcanic slag produced a surface so hard that even after continual truck traffic, the tread of a large bulldozer did not cut into the surface.

A new method of "drilling" holes for blasting was developed on this work. A 75-mm armor-piercing shell, fired into a rock ledge by a General Sherman tank, left a hole about 10 inches in diameter and 10 feet deep which could be quickly prepared for a dynamite charge.

Waterfront construction consisted of a rock-fill pile-and-crib finger pier, 130 feet long and 50 feet wide, a 160-foot rock-fill approach jetty for a cargo-ship berth, landing-craft unloading pier, and a 350-foot seawall of piles and log-facing, backed with large boulders.

The 19th Battalion, the only Seabee group at Cape Gloucester, was attached to the First Marine Division and left with the division in late April for the Russells. During the first weeks, continuous enemy air raids resulted in 5 men of the battalion killed and 24 wounded.

From: http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/buildbaseswwii/bbwwii3.htm

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