Summary

Conflict Period:
World War II 1
Branch:
Army 1
Birth:
1916 1
New Jersey 1
Death:
06 Mar 2014 2
BERLIN Spandu, Germany 2
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Walter W Springer, B-24 Gunner WWII KIA Over Germany
Walter W Springer, B-24 Gunner WWII KIA Over Germany
Walt Springer, B-24 Gunner, KIA Shot-down over Target.  MTO
Walt Springer, B-24 Gunner, KIA Shot-down over Target. MTO
B-24 on a Bomb Run in the FLAK
B-24 on a Bomb Run in the FLAK
A B-24 Liberator HEAVY Bomber, WWII Out of England, Mission over Berlin.
A B-24 Liberator HEAVY Bomber, WWII Out of England, Mission over Berlin.
B-24 Tail-Gunner's Position.  Walter was a Tail-Gunner.
B-24 Tail-Gunner's Position. Walter was a Tail-Gunner.
B-24 of the 93rd Bomb Group
B-24 of the 93rd Bomb Group
93rd Bomb Group B-24 Ship Markings.
93rd Bomb Group B-24 Ship Markings.
330th Bomb Sauqdron Emblem, B-24 Heavy out of England
330th Bomb Sauqdron Emblem, B-24 Heavy out of England
S/Sgt Walter Springer, B-24 Tail-Gunner /KIA 6 march, 1944
S/Sgt Walter Springer, B-24 Tail-Gunner /KIA 6 march, 1944
Walt Springer
Walt Springer
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Page 7
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Page 10
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Walter & Hazel Springer
Walter & Hazel Springer
Crew Photo.JPG
Crew Photo.JPG
Wayne Springer
Wayne Springer
This is Walters son Wayne B. Springer taken in side yard of home in Clarksboro, N.J.
Wayne Springer
Wayne Springer
Wayne is son of Walter Springer Jr. and Hazel Polson Springer
Grandmom Polson and Wayne Springer
Grandmom Polson and Wayne Springer
This is taken in the livingroom in Clarksboro .Grandmom hated to get her picture taken. Also in the picture is Wayne Springer and Sue Warren cousins.Sue is daughter of Emma (Polson) Warren and Al Warren 1960's.
Walters Mother in Law  Lidie Polson
Walters Mother in Law Lidie Polson
Grand mom Polson outside the Clarksboro Home of Polson / Springer in the famous "Don't take my picture".
B24 Postcard
B24 Postcard
This was a postcard my Grandfather sent home from the war
Gravestone in Ardenne Cemetary
Gravestone in Ardenne Cemetary
This picture was sent to me by the American Battlefield Commission.
Army Portrait
Army Portrait
Army Aircorps Portrait after he made Sgt.
Army Aircorps Portrait after he made Sgt.
64 Dollar Question B-24 Walter flew on his 23rd mission over Frankfort
64 Dollar Question B-24 Walter flew on his 23rd mission over Frankfort
This is one of many planes Walter and crew were assigned. Crews changed planes because of mechanical, damage or regular maint.
B-24 Big Noise Walter and crew flew 24th mission over Bergerac
B-24 Big Noise Walter and crew flew 24th mission over Bergerac
This is another of the different B-24 that Walter and crew flew. Planes and crews were rotated because of mechanical failure, battle damage, or regular maint.
Paul Springer Army Picture.jpg
Paul Springer Army Picture.jpg
Paul Springer Army Picture.jpg This is one of Walter Springer's brothers who was a cook in the Army in WWII and the Korean War

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Personal Details

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Person:
Walter Springer Jr 1
Level of Education: 1 year of college 1
Marital Status: Married 1
Birth:
1916 1
New Jersey 1
Death:
06 Mar 2014 2
BERLIN Spandu, Germany 2
Cause: Shot-Down, WWII 2
Residence:
Place: Gloucester County, New Jersey 1
Edit

World War II 1

Branch:
Army 1
Enlistment Date:
19 Oct 1942 1
Army Branch:
Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA 1
Army Component:
Selectees (Enlisted Men) 1
Army Serial Number:
32367016 1
Enlistment Place:
Camden New Jersey 1
Enlistment Term:
Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law 1
Source of Army Personnel:
Civil Life 1
Edit
Occupation:
Mail carriers 1
Race or Ethnicity:
White 1
Source Information:
Box Number: 0503 1
Film Reel Number: 2.167 1

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Stories

Walter Springer, B-24 Tail-Gunner, 25 Combat Missions /KIA

NJ

A B-24 Liberator HEAVY Bomber, WWII Out of England, Mission over Berlin.
3 images

Staff Sgt. Walter Springer, Jr. (born 5 Feb.1916) was married at Enlistment and he and his wife had a son Wayne, born in 1942 and Walter was KIA 6 March, 1944.

Gloucester City NJ has given 65 of its young men to our nation since 1917, a huge loss in proportion to the actual population of the town. Gloucester has honored its fallen heroes with a series of monuments on the east side of Broadway in the center of town.

Walter Springer, Jr. Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Forces Service # 32367016 330th Bomber Squadron, 93rd Bomber Group, Heavy Entered the Service from: New Jersey
Died: 6-Mar-44
Buried at: Plot A Row 7 Grave 17
Ardennes American Cemetery
Neupre, Belgium
Awards: Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster B-24 J #42-109832, Shot Down 6 March, 1944, the 93rd Bomb Group (Heavy), 330th Bomb Squadron.  Shot-down over Berlin, 6 March, 1944.  Mission Berlin Engine Factory, at 23,000 feet, 12:20 PM.  93 Bomb Group, of the Crew of 10, and one passenger, 3 bailed out and survived, 5 were found in the crash and buried, the fate of the others in unknown.   MACR 2957  Decree of the Air District Command. Sgt Walter Springer was buried 11 March, 1944 Prisoner Camp I, Row 8, Grave 10. Berlin Staaken, Germany.  Monument at Adrennes, France for S/Sgt Walter Springer.  Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, other Awards.  Cemetery: Ardennes American Cemetery,  ***Henri-Chapelle Permanent Cemetery, Belgium***   Cemetery Burial Plot: Plot A Row 7 Grave 17,  Cemetery City: Neupre,  Cemetery Country: Belgium ...Walter was a Protestant, male, white and married at enlistment.   US ARMY /AAC Staff Sergeant # 32367016.

11th Man aboard that day died as well, see the bottom of the Crew List below.

 

World War II  /  Walter Springer, Jr. was with the 93rd Bomb GROUP,
330th Bomb Squadron.  B-24 Liberator Plane was shot down during a Bombing Mission over Berlin, on 06 March 1944.
THREE of the TEN Crew members SURVIVED~Became POWS of Germany
2Lt. Harry L. Howie, Jr.
S/Sgt Robert M. Powers, Jr.
S/Sgt. Cecil B. Smith
The other Seven Crew Members were Missing In Action, and approximately one year Later were Listed as Presumed Dead, Killed In Action, with a Finding Of Death.
93 Bomb Group, B-24 Heavy   --330th Bomb Squadron.

 

93rd Bomb Group, B-24 Heavy

Britiah Isles

B-24 of the 93rd Bomb Group
3 images

93rd Bombardment Group

HISTORY:

Constituted as 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Prepared for combat with B-24's. Engaged in antisubmarine operations over the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, May-Jul 1942.

Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF. Entered combat on 9 Oct 1942 by attacking steel and engineering works at Lille. Until Dec 1942, operated primarily against submarine pens in the Bay of Biscay. A large detachment was sent to North Africa in Dec 1942, the group receiving a DUC for operations in that theater, Dec 1941-Feb 1943, when, with inadequate supplies and under the most difficult desert conditions, the detachment struck heavy blows at enemy shipping and communications. The detachment returned to England, Feb-Mar 1943, and until the end of Jun the group bombed engine repair works, harbors, power plants, and other targets in France, the Low Countries, and Germany. A detachment returned to the Mediterranean theater, Jun-Jul 1943, to support the invasion of Sicily and to participate in the famous low-level attack on enemy oil installations at Ploesti on 1 Aug. Having followed another element of the formation along the wrong course to Ploesti, the 93rd hit targets that had been assigned to other groups, but it carried out its bombing of the vital oil installations despite heavy losses inflicted by attacks from the fully-alerted enemy and was awarded a DUC for the operation. Lt Col Addison E Baker, group commander, and Maj John L Jerstad, a former member of the group who had volunteered for this mission, were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for action in the Ploesti raid: refusing to make a forced landing in their damaged B-24, these men, as pilot and co-pilot of the lead plane, led the group to bomb the oil facilities before their plane crashed in the target area. After the detachment returned to England in Aug 1943, the group flew only two missions before the detachment was sent back to the Mediterranean to support Fifth Army at Salerno during the invasion of Italy in Sep 1943. The detachment rejoined the group in Oct 1943, and until Apr 1945 the 93rd concentrated on bombardment of strategic targets such as marshalling yards, aircraft factories, oil refineries, chemical plants, and cities in Germany. In addition it bombed gun emplacements, choke points, and bridges near Cherbourg during the Normandy invasion in Jun 1944; attacked troop concentrations in northern France during the St Lo breakthrough in Jul 1944; transported food, gasoline, water, and other supplies to the Allies advancing across France, Aug-Sep 1944; dropped supplies to airborne troops in Holland on 18 Sep 1944; struck enemy transportation and other targets during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945; and flew two missions on 24 Mar 1945 during the airborne assault across the Rhine, dropping supplies to troops near Wesel and bombing a night-fighter base at Stormede. Ceased operations in Apr 1945. Returned to the US, May-Jun 1945.

Redesignated 93rd Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in Jul 1945. Assigned to Strategic Air Command on 21 Mar 1946. Trained with B-29's. Redesignated 93rd Bombardment Group (Medium) in May 1948. Converted to B-50 aircraft in 1949. Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952.

Squadrons:

328th: 1942-1952
329th: 1942-1952
330th: 1942-1952
409th: 1942-1946.

Stations:

Barksdale Field, La, 1 Mar 1942; Ft Myers, Fla, 15 May-2 Aug 1942; Alconbury, England, 7 Sep 1942; Hardwick, England, 6 Dec 1942-19 May 1945; Sioux Falls AAFld, SD, Jun 1945; Pratt AAFld, Kan, 24 Jul 1945; Clovis AAFld, NM, 13 Dec 1945; Castle Field, Calif, 21 Jun 1946-16 Jun 1952.

Commanders:

1st Lt Robert M Tate, 1 Mar 1942
Col Edward Timberlake Jr, 26 Mar 1942
Lt Col Addison E Baker, 17 May 1943
Col Leland G Fiegel, 9 Aug 1943
Lt Col Harvey P Barnard Jr, 27 Sep 1944
Col William R Robertson Jr, 5 Dec 1944
Lt Col Therman D Brown, 6 Apr 1945
Maj Jacob A Herrmann, 29 Jul 1945
Lt Col William W Amorous, 6 Aug 1945
Col Henry W Dorr, c. 5 Oct 1945-unkn
Lt Col Kenneth Grunewald, 1946
Maj Arthur R Pidgeon, 1946
Maj Loyd D Griffin, 1946
CWO Steve Stanowich, 1946
Capt Joe W Moore Jr, Oct 1946
Capt Allen Milnes, 1946-unkn
Lt Col John C Thrift, Aug 1947
Col Glendon P Overing, 1 Sep 1948
Lt Col Colin E Anderson, 3 Nov 1949
Col John E Dougherty, 1 Dec 1949
Brig Gen Robert H Terrill, Feb 1951
Col Richard H Carmichael, 16 Apr 1951
Col John E Dougherty, 19 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952.

Campaigns:

Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Combat, EAME Theater; Egypt-Libya; Air Offensive, Europe; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.

Decorations:

Distinguished Unit Citations: North Africa, 17 Dec 1942-20 Feb 1943; Ploesti, Rumania, 1 Aug 1943.

S/Sgt Walter Springer Jr. 93rdBG,330thBS, "Col Ted Flying Circus"

European Theatre of Operations

MISSIONS Walter most likely flew on..................."Col Ted's Flying Circus"

Monday, 7 December 1942
USAAF Chronology: MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO):
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): No Entry
WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force):
In Tunisia, B-17s, escorted by P-38s, attack docks and shipping at
Bizerte. Escorted DB-7s attack tanks in the Tebourba-El Bathan area where
elements of the British First Army continue to be hard pressed. Other DB-7s
sent to bomb at La Hencha and Sousse abort because of bad weather. P-38s and
P-40s fly numerous reconnaissance missions over the Sousse-Sfax-Gabes area
and patrols over Oran, Algeria while B-17s and F-4s fly photographic
reconnaissance over the Sousse-Sfax-Gabes area and the Tunis-Bizerte area. Ground
fighting subsides as German attacks in the Tebourba area decrease in
intensity. The air echelons of the 328th and 330th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy),
93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy), based in England with B-24s, begins operating
from Tafaraoui, Algeria on TDY.

============================================
Sunday, 13 December 1942
USAAF Chronology: MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO):
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): 
In Libya, aircraft of the Western Desert Air Force, including more
than 100 P-40s, fly strafing and bombing missions against ground forces
which begin withdrawing from El Agheila during the early morning. The 57th
Fighter Group claims two Bf 109s for the loss of one P-40. The British 51
Division penetrates the eastern defenses of El Agheila.

WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Northwest African Air Force): 
Over Tunisia, 15 B-17s of the 97th Bombardment Group (Heavy) hit
the harbor and docks at Tunis. Over Bizerte, ten B-17s of the 301st
Bombardment Group (Heavy) bomb the harbor and docks; they are followed shortly by 19
B-24s of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy), which are TDY from England,
which attack the same targets. Meanwhile, six B-25s of the 310th Bombardment
Group (Medium) hit the harbor area at Sousse while B-26s blast a bridge north
of Sfax; P-38s escort both missions. Other P-38s attack several targets
including vehicles north of Gabes and a schooner off Cape Dimasse.

In other action, P-38s, P-40s and Spitfires fly reconnaissance and
patrols over much of Northwest Africa and C-47s fly 17 transport missions
between various points in Northwest Africa. The 380th Bombardment Squadron
(Medium), 310th Bombardment Group (Medium) with B-25s, moves from Mediouna,
French Morocco to Telergma, Algeria and flies its first combat mission.
=============================
 
Wednesday, 16 December 1942
USAAF Chronology: MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO):
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): 
In Libya, P-40s fly fighter-bomber missions and sweeps over the
battle area as the enemy, breaking into small detachments, manages to withdraw
from El Agheila positions after hard fighting and heavy losses. Meanwhile,
B-25s hit troop concentrations and transport targets. Detachments of the
328th, 330th and 409th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 93rd Bombardment Group
(Heavy) based at Hardwick, England with B-24s, move from Tafaraoui, Algeria to
Gambut, Libya; the three squadrons, which have been in Algeria since 7 Dec,
will remain attached to the IX Bomber Command until Feb 43.
 
Monday, 21 December 1942
USAAF Chronology: MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO):
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force):
In Tunisia, B-24s of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) abort a
mission against Sousse harbor due to weather. Six RAF Liberators, under
operational control of the IX Bomber Command, attack the harbor; results are not
observed.
 

Tuesday, 22 December 1942
USAAF Chronology: MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (MTO):
EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): 
In Tunisia, B-24s of the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) and RAF
Liberators are dispatched against the harbor at Sousse; only two bombers
reach the target, the others are forced to return to base due to weather, but
a few manage to bomb Monastir and the railroads at Mahdia.

==============================================

Walter's CREW B-24 Loss 6 March, 1944

Germany

Page 7
7 images

http://www.93rdbombardmentgroup.com/historyfull.html ***** HISTORY ***** 
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Leland H. Walzel
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces HOMETOWN: Woodsboro, TX
HONORED BY: Gussie M. Meyers, Wife ACTIVITY DURING WWII
BOMBARDIER IN THE 8TH AIRFORCE. LeLand Walzel
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces HOMETOWN: Refugio, TX
HONORED BY: Victor R Walzel, Son  ACTIVITY DURING WWII
SHOT DOWN ON HIS 25TH MISSION AS A BOMBARDIER IN THE MIGHTY 8TH.
1 LT Leland H. Walzel  ID: O-739638 Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Refugio County, TX Status: FOD
Leland H. Walzel  ID: O-739638 Entered the Service From: Texas
Rank: First Lieutenant ...Service: U.S. Army Air Forces, 330th Bomber Squadron, 93rd Bomber Group, Heavy   Died: Monday, March 06, 1944
Buried at: Ardennes American Cemetery Location: Neupre (Neuville-en-Condroz), Belgium
Plot: D Row: 13 Grave: 56
Awards: Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters

 http://www.lelandwalzel.150m.com/   Leland H. Walzel, 93rd BG, 330th BS
--++--

Newspaper: Middletown Times Herald
Publication: 27 Aug 1945 - Middletown, New York
(Sanford W. Fish)
"Word was received by Mrs. Bernice Fish, forty-three Academy Avenue, that her son, Lieutenant Sanford Fish, who had been Missing In Action since a raid over Berlin on March sixth of last year, was now presumed dead.  He was a Co[pilot on a Liberator Bomber.  His wife is the former Lena Brown."
--
Jack D. Harris
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces HOMETOWN: Huntington Park, CA
HONORED BY: Mrs. Dorothy Spence, Wife ACTIVITY DURING WWII
HE WAS A B-24 PILOT. HIS PLANE WAS SHOT DOWN ON MARCH 6, 1944 OVER BERLIN.Jack D. Harris  ID: O-532892
Entered the Service From: California Rank: First Lieutenant
Service: U.S. Army Air Forces, 330th Bomber Squadron, 93rd Bomber Group, Heavy
Died: Monday, March 06, 1944 Buried at: Ardennes American Cemetery
Location: Neupre (Neuville-en-Condroz), Belgium Plot: A Row: 7 Grave: 13
Awards: Air Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
2 LT Sanford W. Fish  ID: O-806422 Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Orange County, NY Status: FOD
--++--


T SG Carmine C. Patullo  ID: 12132268 Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Somerset County, NJ Status: FOD Carmine C. Patullo   ID: 12132268
Entered the Service From: New Jersey Rank: Technical Sergeant
Service: U.S. Army Air Forces, 330th Bomber Squadron, 93rd Bomber Group, Heavy
Died: Monday, March 06, 1944 Buried at: Ardennes American Cemetery
Location: Neupre (Neuville-en-Condroz), Belgium Plot: A Row: 44 Grave: 31
Awards: Air Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
--++-- ***************************************************

 


T SG Victor N. Stefano  ID: 33296451
Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Lawrence County, PA
Status: FOD
--++--


S SG Erhardt G. Lange  ID: 36281846 Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Marinette County, WI Status: FOD Erhardt G. Lange
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces HOMETOWN: Marinette, WI
HONORED BY Sister ACTIVITY DURING WWII
BOMBER COMBAT MISSIONS OVER ENEMY-OCCUPIED EUROPE.
Erhardt G. Lange BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army
HOMETOWN: Marinette County, WI HONORED BY: Delores Raczkowski, Sister

 


NARA POWS
SERIAL NUMBER 32424428 NAME POWERS ROBERT M JR POWERS ROBERT M JR 
Staff Sergeant AIR CORPS
DATE REPORT: DAY 06 March, 1944 WHITE STATE OF RESIDENCE  New York 
European Theatre: Germany LATEST REPORT DATE: 09 June, 1945
 Individual has been reported through sources considered official.
STATUS 8 Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated
DETAINING POWER 1 GERMANY CAMP 091 Stalag Luft 4 Gross-Tychow (formerly Heydekrug) Pomerania, Prussia (moved to Wobbelin Bei Ludwigslust) (To Usedom Bei Savenmunde) 54-16 REP   POW TRANSPORT SHIPS  
--
NARA POWS
SERIAL NUMBER 34204160 34204160
NAME SMITH CECIL B JR SMITH CECIL B JR
S SG Staff Sergeant 
Air Corps  AIR CORPS DATE REPORT: DAY 06 March, 1944
WHITE,  RESIDENCE  New York UNIT  ETO Germany
LATEST REPORT DATE: 29 March, 1945
LATEST REPORT DATE: MONTH (MM) 06 06 
Individual has been reported through sources considered official.
STATUS 8 Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated DETAINING POWER 1 GERMANY CAMP 091 Stalag Luft 4 Gross-Tychow (formerly Heydekrug) Pomerania, Prussia
(moved to Wobbelin Bei Ludwigslust) (To Usedom Bei Savenmunde) 54-16
REP   POW TRANSPORT SHIPS  
--
NARA POWS
SERIAL NUMBER O&669298  HOWIE HARRY L JR HOWIE HARRY L JR 
LT Second Lieutenant  AAC
DATE REPORT: DAY 06 March, 1944
WHITE,  RESIDENCE 46 North Carolina  European Theatre: Germany
LATEST REPORT DATE: 12 JUne, 1945
SOURCE OF REPORT 1 Individual has been reported through sources considered official.
STATUS 8 Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated
DETAINING POWER 1 GERMANY
CAMP 032 Stalag Luft 1 Barth-Vogelsang Prussia 54-12 REP   POW TRANSPORT SHIPS    
SURVIVED~But POW
Harry L. Howie, Jr.
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces
HOMETOWN: Pinebluff, NC
HONORED BY: Children
ACTIVITY DURING WWII
NAVIGATOR. POW IN GERMANY. RECEIVED TWO PURPLE HEARTS AND FOUR AIR MEDALS.
Harry Lee Howie, Jr.
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces
HOMETOWN: Pinebluff, NC
HONORED BY: Harry Howie
ACTIVITY DURING WWII
A POW OF THE WAR. SERVED IN THE ARMY AND AIR FORCE. SERVED AS A NAVIGATOR.
--    
Leland H. Walzel
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces
HOMETOWN: Woodsboro, TX
HONORED BY: Gussie M. Meyers, Wife
ACTIVITY DURING WWII
BOMBARDIER IN THE 8TH AIRFORCE.

==
Erhardt G. Lange
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army Air Forces
HOMETOWN: Marinette, WI
HONORED BY Sister
ACTIVITY DURING WWII
BOMBER COMBAT MISSIONS OVER ENEMY-OCCUPIED EUROPE.
Erhardt G. Lange
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army
HOMETOWN: Marinette County, WI
HONORED BY: Delores Raczkowski, Sister

+++++++++++++++++++++++
The 96th BG, was assigned to TDY to Supply the Newly formed 12th Air Force in Tunisia, North Africa, then returning to their base in England, resumed Bombing Missions, over Germany,
per DOOLITTLE'S Orders

 

PASSENGER that day;  There was an 11th MAN aboard;
Trapped in the Nose Turret--KIA:
 WW II Memorial  S SG Hyman Waxler ID: 31140364
Branch of Service: U.S. Army
Hometown: Bristol County, MA
Status: FOD  ----NOT Listed at ABMC
http://www.93rdbombardmentgroup.com/rollhonor.html
WAXLER, Hyman 31140364 S/Sgt

The SPRINGER FAMILY

NJ

Walter Springer     {Lord Family Tree}   Birth:  6 Feb 1916 - New Jersey
Death:  6 March 1944 (6 Mar 1944) - Berlin, Germany
Walter's Spouse: Hazel Othea Polson~1918 – 1996
Born 15 June 1918 in Westpoint PA      Death  3 October 1996 in Woodbury, Gloucester, NJ
**********************************************************************                                           SON of Walter & Hazel Springer:
Wayne Barry Springer~1942 – 2005
Birth:  28 July 1942 in Camden, NJ, USA
Death: 17 June 2005 in Clarksboro, Gloucester, New Jersey
Spouse: Sally Ann Moore
Birth: 11 December 1948 in Woodbury, Gloucester, NJ
Death: 28 Sept 1981in Camden, NJ

Daughter of Wayne & Sally Ann Springer:
Kelly Springer Lord; Born Abt. 1968

S/Sgt Walter W Springer was born to Walter and Elizabeth Springer.  Their children are Mildred, Alfred, Walter, Paul, Florence, Floyd and Lewis living at 27 Thompson Ave.

World War II  /  Walter Springer, Jr. was with the 93rd Bomb GROUP,
330th Bomb Squadron.  B-24 Liberator Plane was shot down during a Bombing Mission over Berlin, on 06 March 1944.
THREE of the TEN Crew members SURVIVED~Became POWS of Germany
2Lt. Harry L. Howie, Jr.
S/Sgt Robert M. Powers, Jr.
S/Sgt. Cecil B. Smith
The other Seven Crew Members were Missing In Action, and approximately one year Later were Listed as Presumed Dead, Killed In Action, with a Finding Of Death.
93 Bomb Group, B-24 Heavy   --330th Bomb Squadron.

20 Nov. 2010,   I am looking for information about my uncle Walter W. Springer who was a gunner on this B-24. He was killed on his 25th mission . I have been trying to identify the plane , crew etc and MACR .  Not sure of much else as most of the greatest generation of our family have passed . Any info on where to look or possibly identify the crew and plane would greatly be appreciated.  John L. Polson  nephew   for the Polson  and springer families

22 Nov. 2010,  Hello Barbi,    Most of the info I have is from My mother who recently passed last august.  This postcard was in her belongings.   Uncle Walt was married to my Aunt Hazel Springer (Polson) deceased  and had one son Wayne born about 1942- 1944. BOth Hazel Springer(deceased) and Wayne Springer(deseased) are buried in Eglington cemetary. She lived in Clarksboro N.J. with Grandmom Polson. They kept Uncle Walters Service picture in the livingroom on the mantle always. . They never really would talk about him.
    I remember being told he was a gunner. Other info that mom Emma Polson ( deceased) told me was that some of the crew survived the crash including the pilot and or co pilot and returned home. Not much else is known at this time.
   My father John G. Polson Jr. (deceased) was a master sargent in the US Army in the Pacific. He never talked about his experiences either and had mom burn all his letters to her from the war. I was born in 1950.  How time passes. Now I am laid off and its a great time to dig into this piece of our family history.
   I also am looking thru MACR etc . around Christmas time since this is a Christmas card.
 Thats all for now.  Thanks sincerely for all your help.   John L. Polson

More information

Walter & Hazel Springer
10 images

Hi John,

 

I am Wayne's daughter Kelly. After Hazel died, I found a lot of the letters in the attic from the war and learned more about my grandfather's time in the service.  There is a book written about the mission he was killed on "Mission Berlin 6 March 1944" This mission was the beginning of the bombing of Berlin to shut down the Germans so the D-Day invasion could take place.  The 8th Airforce suffered their largest losses on the day he was killed.  His plane was in one of the last formations of the bombers. 

It wasn't until 15 years after my grandfather's death that he was positively identified through dental records.  I remember that Hazel told me she never had him shipped home because she was never sure that it would be him.  He is buried in Belgium with the other men from his crew that were shot down that day.  I've found a lot of infomation from searching the Internet.  In fact, my son googled my grandfather's name and brought me to this site.

 

Kelly Lord

Many Thanks to all for their Input!!

When I started this journey I didn't realze all of the wonderful people who care enough to help keep the memory of the couragous men who helped keep freedom alive and paid the ultimate sacrifice. Special thanks to Barbara Connolly, Kelly Springer Lord, James Sharp, Bernadette and Walter Polson Kloc, Vic Walzel, Emma Polson, and countless others  for their help bringing an American hero's story to light. Thank You Uncle Walter.

 

                      John L. Polson Sr.

 

 

My brother, Leland H. Walzel, was a member of this crew for three missions while finishing up his tour. He had been hospitalized for several days and was trying to catch up with his regular crew when he flew three of his final four with Jack Harris and his crew. These men were very experienced and all had between 20 and 25 missions and many were on their final mission. They went down doing their job, preserving the freedom that we enjoy today, and will forever be remembered for their patriotism. Thanks to Kelly and John for this site and for allowing me to be a part of this tribute to our fallen heroes. Vic Walzel

Ted's Travelling Circus

Berlin, Germany

Overall, the Eighth's plastering included a six-mile metropolitan area stretching roughly along the Postdam-to-Berlin-railway. The drops were synchronized mostly on industrial buildings and marshalling yards.

Immediately south of Olympic Stadium, where Ohio State's Jessy Owens did his thing during the 1936 Olympics and where Der Fuhrer had excelled in mesmerizing audiences, 20th Wing turned west.

Of the 69 Eighth Air Force bombers destroyed in the Berlin area, two were from 20th Wing, one from the Circus.

Records indicate the 93rd plane, piloted by Lieutenant Jack D. Harris (74) of Los Angeles, was downed in western Berlin "probably by flak" and "men were seen bailing out."

(74) In Jack Harris' crew were Lieutenants Sanford W. Fish (co-pilot), Harry L. Howie (navigator), Leland H. Walzel (bombardier), Sargeants Camine C. Patullo (engineer), Victor E. Stefano (radio), Robert M. Powers amd Cecil B. Smith (waist-gunner), Walter Springer (tail-gunner), Erhardt G. Lange (ball-gunner), Hyman Waxler (nose-turret). Chaplain Burris learned Howie, Powers, and Smith became POWs. German interrogators immediately identified remains of Fish, Wazel, and Springer. Howie said he felt positive Waxler was trapped in the nose.

Harris' navigator Harry L. Howie:

We got hit about 1220. It's possible an imboard prop cut into our cockpit. I heard co-pilot Fish say "I got it,' as if taking over the controls. Bombardier Wazel was trying to open the nose turret so the gunner could get out. Within 20-40 seconds, I went out the nose hatch. I never saw our plane after I bailed out. Saw two men in chutes. They turned out to be waist-gunners Smith and Powers, who'd gone out the camera hatch.

Witnessing the Harris tragedy, Sergeant James H. McMahon of St. Albens, N.Y. who racked up missions flying with different crews, insisted that he saw "Harris jumped by fighters that did him in."

A 330th Squadron diarist noted:

Harris was one of our finest crews, last seen leaving the target area.

Stewart, Carroll. (1996) "Ted's Travelling Circus." Berlin/ 1944, pp. 296-297.

Target Berlin

Berlin, Germany (Mission 250)

As the B-24s curved away from their targets the flak gunners followed them with with their salvoes. The 128 mm guns of Heavy Flak Abteilung 123 on the Humbolthain and Zoo bunkers joined in this engagement, loosing off 91 rounds at the B-24s of the 93rd Bomb Group. Later Oberleutnant Maschewski directing the fire from the Humbolthain bunker, reported how his guns had engaged a formation of Liberators to the southwest:

The bombers were engaged with repeated salvoes from all eight 128 mm guns. During the course of the engagement the altitude of the targets reduced from 6400 m to 6000 m, velocity 130 m per second. Tracked by the Em 10 m R 43 (optical range finder) the formation flew without taking any evasive action, from Direction 7 [south-southwest] to Direction 9 [west]. Fire was opened at maximum effective engagement range and soon after the detonation of the inital salvoe a machine in the middle of the formation began to trail dark smoke from both outer motors.

The aircraft was the 'De-Icer' of the 93rd, which had suffered severe damage  to the nose and left imboard engine. As it fell away from the formation the pilot gave the order to bailout breaking up, the aircraft spun to the ground and crashed in the Spandau district, narrowly missing a house. Hans Ring, concentrating his attention on the main formation being engaged by his battery, was suddenly astonished to see a complete B-24 fin and rudder assembly coming down like a falling leaf near his gunsite.

Ethell, Jeffery, and Price, Dr. Alfred. (1981), "Target Berlin." pp.98-99.

Letter from De-Icer Navigator Lt. Harry Howie

Pine Bluff, North Carolina

I found this letter when I was going through a box of my grandmother's pictures.

On July 23, 1945 Lt. Harry Howie wrote:

 

Dear Mrs. Springer,

 

I have just recently returned from a Prison Camp in Germany.  I was the Navigator on the plan your husband was on when we were shot down.  I will try to tell you all I can. The War Department has all this information, so I imagine you already have it by now.

         

On March 6, 1944 (The first big scale raid on Berlin) we were briefed for Berlin and picked up our first flak as we entered Holland. Opposition was heavy all the way in.  Our target was covered over with clouds, so we picked up a secondary one within Berlin that was clear & had just dropped our Bombs when we were hit by flack in the No. 2 prop.  The prop came off and spun through the cock-pit making a huge hole.  The pilot was not in his seat.  The prop might have thrown him out the hole.  Our windshield was out, oxygen in the nose out, on fire and half of the left vertical stabilizer was torn off.  Also the inner phone was out from our nose.  We immediately went out of control although I could see the co-pilot doing all he could to keep us flying.  I opened the escape hatch in the nose so we three could get out.  I was the first out although no Bail Out order was given up to this time due no doubt to our phone being out.

 

          After my chute opened I did not see the plane again but I saw 2 more chutes and I thought all the time they were the other 2 men from the nose.  They turned out to be our two waist gunners.  They both helped Walter out of his tail turret and the saw him last.  He was ready to bail out after them.  Here are their addresses if you want to write them.  The both saw him before they bailed out.

 

          Two days later a German Officer in Frankfort-on Main (200-250 miles from Berlin) told me my plane spun to the ground and crashed into a house and that five bodies were found in it and that they identified 3 of the men.  And I am sorry to say this but one of the bodies was identified as Walter.  I asked the German if he was trying to trap me into giving some information and he said no.  I asked him where the dog-tags were and he said they hadn’t arrived yet.  I asked where the bodies were buried and he said he didn’t know.  I have never believed he was telling me the truth but that is all that I had to go by.

 

          While I was POW, I tried to get the German Red Cross to find out where the boys were buried, but I could get no co-operation from them.  So, I tried the Red Cross in Switzerland and up to the time I was freed I received no answer.  If you write them be sure to give them the time and place; March 6, 1944, Berlin, Western part of the city at 12:40 PM.  Perhaps they can find something out.


 

          The pilot & co-pilot had in 21 and 22 missions so I am sure they both did all they could to save us.  We were at 23, 000 feet when hit.  Here are the two waist gunners addresses, Sgt. Robert Powers, West 37th Street, NYC and Sgt. Cecil Smith Locust Valley Long Island, NY.

 

          I hope Walter turns up alright but it has been so long.  I want you to know he was a fine boy and we loved to fly with him.  He was an excellent shot and a good air man.  Some how I can never believe that he is dead.

 

          If there is anything else you want to know please write and ask me.

 

                                      Sincerely,

 

                                      Lt. Harry Howie Jr.

                                      Pine Bluff, NC

         

         

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