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Dino Brugioni, 321stBG,446thBS, MTO B-25 WWII
1944 | Italy
Dino Brugioni was in the 321st BG, 446th BS as a B-25 Radio Gunner.
Brugioni flew in 66 bombardment and a number of reconnaissance missions in World War II over North Africa, Italy, Germany, Yugoslavia and France. He received the Purple Heart, 9 Air Medals and a Distinguished Unit Citation. After the war, he received BA and MA degrees in Foreign Affairs from George Washington University. He joined the CIA in March 1948 and became an expert in Soviet industries. In 1955, he was selected as a member of the cadre of the newly formed Photographic Intelligence Division that would interpret U-2, SR-71 and satellite photography.
The Life of Dino Brugioni
1990 | Misouri
Dino; U.S. School Yearbooks Name: Dino Brugioni Estimated Birth Year: abt 1922 Age: 16 School: Jefferson City High School School Location: Jefferson City, Missouri Year: 1938 Yearbook Title: Marcull
Dino A. Brugioni (born 1921) is a former senior official at the CIA's National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC). He was an imagery analyst and also served as NPIC's Chief of Information. During his 35-year career, Brugioni helped establish imagery intelligence (now called geospatial intelligence) as a national asset to solve intelligence problems. Even after retirement, Brugioni is considered to be the world's foremost imagery intelligence analyst.
After retirement, he has been active in encouraging the use of declassified photographic intelligence for historical research. His book, ''Eyeball to Eyeball'' is an extensive unclassified history of US imagery intelligence.
T/Sgt Dino Brugioni, B-25 R/G Photo
1944 | Italy
Dino A. Brugioni
BRANCH OF SERVICE: U.S. Army
HOMETOWN: Jefferson City, MO
SOURCE: Dino A. Brugioni
ACTIVITY DURING WWII
FLEW IN 66 BOMBARDMENT MISSIONS IN EUROPE. RECEIVED THE PURPLE HEART, AIR MEDAL WITH 8 CLUSTERS AND PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION.
321stBG,446thBS, T/Sgt. Dino A. Brugioni and "Ornery"/Corsican Donkey
Wednesday, 6 September 1944
446th BS War Diary: Promotions came to the following: to Technical Sergeant, Brugioni, Holder; to staff, Leeper, Leary.
Brugioni, Dino A., T/Sgt, radio-gunner, photographer
Holder, Paul T., T/Sgt, gunner Leary, Gwynn M., S/Sgt, gunner
Leeper, Kenneth E., S/Sgt, gunner
Dino Brugioni; "Precision Bombing Pays Off"
1982 | Missouri
Dino; Air Force Magazine; June 1982;
Precision Bombing Pays OffBy Dino A. Brugioni When precise bombing was needed to neutralize a potential naval threat to the invasion of Southern France, the medium bomb wing with the best accuracy record was called upon. The result: a battleship, cruiser, and submarine taken out of the picture.
When one thinks about how battleships were sunk during World War II, tremendous endeavors and heroic feats come to mind: the maximum ef-fort put forth by the British in tracking and destroying the Bismarck, the audacious attack by the Japanese Row at Pearl Harbor, the death of Yamato under merciless aerial attack by US Navy aircraft off Okinawa in April 1945.Yet, virtually unnoticed in history, equal skill, valor, and daring of a B-25 bomber group resulted in the loss to the Axis of a battleship, a cruiser, and submarine in Toulon harbor in the south of France on August 18, 1944.
I was assigned to the 321st Bom-bardment Group, 57th Bombardment Wing, Twelfth Air Force, stationed at Solenzara, Corsica, at the time, and took part in the raid.It was no accident that the 321st was called on to perform that mission. The group had the best record for bombing accuracy in the Mediterranean theater, placing more than ninety per-cent of all the bombs it dropped within the designated target area. Bombing precision in those days was computed on the basis of an imaginary circle that covered an area 600 feet in radius from the center of the objective.
The group had had flown more than 500 missions and was also highly regarded for its excellent formation fly-ing. The 321st was frequently chosen to demonstrate these skills for visiting dignitaries. But it was the accuracy of our pinpoint bombing—the bridge-busting, the command-post hits, the runways cratered, the railroad yards leveled, and the close support of ground troops in Italy—that won the praise of those who inspected the aerial photos of our raids.Preparations for the invasion of Southern France were well under way following the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. There was one unknown, however. In the harbor of Toulon, protected by eighty-two heavy anti-aircraft guns, were remnants of the French Navy that constituted a considerable threat to the Allied fleet and in-vasion forces. French seamanship was well regarded by Allied naval com-manders. During the invasion of North Africa, the French battleship jean Bart, with just one of her turrets operational, still sought to challenge the Allied land-ing forces. She fought with great gal-lantry against overwhelming odds.
On August 17, the third day of the invasion of Southern France, aerial re-connaissance revealed that the French battleship Strasbourg, the cruiser La Gallisoniere, a Le Hardi-class de-stroyer, and a submarined had been respositioned within Toulon harbor. Their firepower constituted a threat to Allied forces operating nearby.In the evenings, we often gathered along a road leading from the bomb depot to see what type of bombs were being dollied to the airfield. This gave us a good idea as to the mission we would be flying the next day.
On the evening of August 17, 1944, we saw 1,000-pound armor-piercing and 1,000-pound general-purpose bombs being trundled to the airfield. We knew that the next day’s mission would be an interesting one.The following morning, we were briefed on Mission No. 498, code-named DRYBEEF. The order was to “neutralize the firepower of the heavy naval units at Toulon at all costs.” We were briefed on the threat posed by the naval units; about the antiaircraft defenses; and informed that the weather over the target would be CAVU (ceiling and visibility unlimited), but that there was bad weather gath-ering all around Corsica.
We took off at 1053 hours, assem-bled at 1126, and began our flight to the target at 13,000 feet. At that alti-tude, the force of thirty-six B-25s was extremely vulnerable to the heavy AAA guns defending the harbor. Although “window” was used on the bomb run to mislead defensive radar, the flak was extremely intense—both barrage and tracking on the bomb run and on the breakaway. By the time we had cleared the target, eleven men had been wounded and twenty-seven of the B-25s had some damage.Bombs away came at 1246 hours, and the pattern was an excellent one. There were eight direct hits on the deck of the Strasbourg, igniting three fires on its deck. A near miss opened a large hole below the waterline, causing the battleship to list to starboard and settle in. the cruiser was also hit and listed to starboard with its deck awash, later keeling over on its side. The submarine was sank; the destroyer had departed prior to the arrival of the B-25s.
On our return from the target, we were required to pass over the Allied invasion fleet. Heavy squalls forced us to descent below 1,000 feet, with the risk of being fired on by mistake, so we fired our Very flare guns and used emergency radio channels to inform the fleet of our predicament.Because of the wounded airmen, aircraft damage, and weather prob-lems, the group dispersed to land at three separate airfields.
The mission was later rated as one of the most destructive ever carried out by a group of medium bombers. The 321st Group was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for what was de-scribed as the “extraordinary heroism and proficiency that was demonstrated throughout the attack.”
The next day, we were back out bridge-busting for the Seventh Army moving inland from the beaches and up the Rhone Valley.
Dino's wife Theresa
2004 | Jefferson City, MO
News Tribune/Post-Tribune/Daily Capital News
Publication Date: July 28, 2004
Newspaper Location: Jefferson City, MO, US
Theresa Harich Brugioni, 81, of Hartwood, Virginia, died Thursday, July 22, 2004, at her home.
Survivors include: her husband, Dino Anthony Brugioni, formerly of Jefferson City; a son, John P. Brugioni of Manassas, Virginia; a daughter, Theresa B. Tabak of Chester, Virginia; a sister, Kathryn H. Munro of Ocean Pines, Maryland; six grandchildren, Benjamin D. Tabak, Abra R. Tabak, Maria L. Brugioni, James A. Brugioni, John D. Brugioni and Lara R. Brugioni. She was preceded in death by three brothers, Karl Harich, Philip Harich, Fred Harich, and two sisters, Lena Slevin and Elizabeth Greenwald.
A funeral service will be held on Tuesday, August 17, at 9:00 a.m. at Fort Myer Chapel, Arlington, Virginia, with entombment to follow in Arlington National Cemetery Columbarium.
In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to Mary Washington Hospice, 2300 Fall Hill Avenue, Suite 210, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401. An online guest book is available at covenantfuneral service.com.
U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006
Name: Theresa Brugioni
Service Info.: TSGT US ARMY
Birth Date: 21 Apr 1923
Death Date: 22 Jul 2004
Relation: Wife of Brugioni, Dino A
Interment Date: 17 Aug 2004
Cemetery: Arlington National Cemetery
Cemetery Address: C/O Director Arlington, VA 22211