Summary

Assistant Quartermaster at the Fredericksburg Magazine during the Revolutionary War.The Young “clan” at the magazine included Richard, Reuben Young, and his son, John Young. Reuben started as a guard or sentry at the magazine and then became a Waggoner or wagon master for the Quartermaster Corps. John Young started very young to serve his county and subsequently because of his age and stamina became a messenger between General Washington and Gen Weedon.

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“Young” Soldiers in the War of Independence

Fredericksburg, Virginia

The town of Fredericksburg, Virginia, was a hotbed of patriots at the start of the fight for independence. General George Washington, General Weedon and others including Richard Young belonged to the Masonic Lodge in Fredericksburg and were well acquainted with one another on a fraternal relationship.

 

Richard Young was the son of a Richard Young[i] who was prominent in the government structure of the commonwealth along the Rappahannock River area. Richard Sr. appears on many wills and documents, as a witness to the transactions of the time. Richard Sr. was the son of Laurence Young from Scotland[ii]

 

The Young “clan”[iii] at the magazine included Richard, Reuben Young and his son John Young. Reuben started as a guard or sentry at the magazine and then became a Waggoner or wagon master for the Quartermaster Corps. John Young started very young to serve his county and subsequently because of his age and stamina became a messenger between General Washington and Gen Weedon.


[i] Richard Young was the son of Lawrence Young of Caroline County Virginia and
was born about 1696 (1). Richard appears to have spent most, if not all, of
his life in Caroline County. Richard took over the family plantation at the
death of his father (1). It was probably a sizable plantation on the hills
overlooking the beautiful valley of the Rappahannock River a few miles north
of the present day Port Royal. Richard and his family of five sons; Richard,
Laurence, John, Leonard, and William, and three daughters; Jane, Sarah and
Mary lived there until the children were grown and had moved away. Richard's wife's name is Mary Margaret Broome. Richard apparently remained on the home plantation until he died in 1778 at the age of 82.

 

[ii] In a letter written by Ambrose Young of Fayette County Kentucky to his nephew,
United States Senator Richard M. Young of Illinois in 1813 [1837]. The
letter was in the diary of Senator Young.

Your great, great grandfather, Laurence Young, emigrated from England, and
was the first white person who settled in Fredericksburg, on the
Rappahannock River, in what is now called Spotsylvania County, Virginia -
from which place he was driven by the Indians. He then moved down said river
about twenty miles and located himself in what is now called Caroline
County. He then had several children (hence the extant of the name); and his
last son, your great grandfather, Richard Young, possessed the homestead and
lived and died there at the age of 82 years.

 

[iii] Pension Number: S.30, 811 quote. “Mary Lee, daughter of Richard Young who was Quartermaster at Fredericksburg, Virginia respectfully identifies him. And the Witness Jacobs saw Reuben Young at Fredericksburg as a regular soldier in the War of; the Revolution, from December 1779 until the Spring of 1780 and in 1780 saw John Young, who he understands resides in Greenup County, KY engaged in the service as and Express Rider being the oldest son of Reuben Young – Mrs. Lee proves that John Young the Express Rider lives in Greenup Count Ky.”

In order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832.

Greenup, KY

State of Kentucky, County of Greenup.

 

On this seventh day of November eighteen hundred and forty two, personally appeared before the County Court of the County of Greenup, John Young, a resident of the county of Greenup and State of Kentucky, age seventy eight years the twenty fourth day of August last past who being first duly sworn according to law hath on his oath make the following statement in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress, June 7th 1832. That he entered the service in the spring of seventeen hundred and seventy eight as a substitute for his father, Reuben Young, in Captain James Crocher’s Company and Colonel George Stubblefield’s Regiment in the county of Spotsylvania, state of Virginia. That they marched to Cabbin point to where the regiment rendezvoused and remained there weeks from thence marched to Petersburg where the regiment was discharged making a tour of thirty five days. And then he was enlisted in the United States Army on the Virginia Continental line as a rider of express from North to South. That he was enlisted by Richard Young who was Quartermaster at Fredericksburg in the month of August seventeen hundred and seventy eight. That his wages was twelve dollars and fifty cents per month by the order of Brig. Gen. George Weedon, who was Gen. of the Continual Army and stationed at Fredericksburg, that he was enlisted for and during the war. When Gen. Weedon wanted a draft of militia or supplies from the following counties he would take him from the regular route and send him to the Colonels of the Counties of Spotsylvania, Louisa, Albemarle, Augusta, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Frederick, Hampshire, Berkeley, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Fairfax, Culpepper, Orange, Stafford, King George, Westmoreland, Richmond, Lancaster and Northumberland. That he was kept constantly riding from North to South except when taken off by Gen Weedon to call an express to the Colonels of the above named counties. That a great part of his service was preformed in the night and he was frequently in great danger of being taken by Col Tarleton’s Light Horse. That he was sent to Little York with an express directed to Col Timothy Pickering who was Quartermaster General and was detained there by Col Pickering until after the siege to carry express from one point of the army to the other the most of this service was preformed in the night, that he saw Lord Cornwallis surrender to Gen Washington and he was sent with the first intelligence of the surrender of Cornwallis to the North and then was kept in service as a rider of express when it was necessary and the balance of his time he was engaged in taking card and collecting the public property until the last of April Seventeen hundred and eighty tow and then he was discharged by Gen George Weedon which discharged he has lost by reason of his coming to KY the fall after he received it. He states that he served thirty five days as a militia man an three years eight months as a rider of express in the Continental Service making in all three years and nine months that he was in the service. He further states that there was not any man that rendered more service than he did. That he was taken out the ranks and (?) as a rider of express which was much harder and more dangerous; he was frequently in great danger of being take by the British and had to be exposed to all sorts of Weather was very near freezing to death several times. That there was no man whose service was of more importance than his that all the important communications was entrusted to him. That he has frequently rode from Fredericksburg to Richmond and back to Fredericksburg in twenty four hours making 150 miles bearing express from General Washington to Gen Green and back to Gen Washington. He further states that in the month of September seventeen hundred and eighty two he came to Kentucky with Richard Young and then returned to Virginia in the same winter and married his present wife on the 12th day of March seventeen hundred and eighty five. Her name was Mary Moore and then moved to Kentucky in the fall of eighty seven and was in every expedition against the Indians that was after he got to KY was with Gen Wilkinson, Scott and Wayne campaigns. We hereby relinquish every claim and whatever to a pension of annuity except the present and he declares that he is not on the Pension roll of any agency in any State of territory of the United States.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid. John Young

November7th Amendment to the declaration 1842He sate that it is said, that he was born August 24th Seventeen hundred and sixty-four and entered the service in his fourteenth year and was married the 12th of March eighty-five, in his twenty first year and move to Kentucky at the tie stated above have lived in the above named State ever since.

John Young

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