Sammons, Patrick: From Ireland to Africa to America to Andersonville POW
Died 16 June 1864 Sammons, Patrick: From Ireland to Africa to America to Andersonville POW All that I know about my Great Great Great Granfather Patrick Sammons short life, Includes Bio, Ship Passenger List, Census, Andersonville Prison Records, Pension Index Card etc.
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Patrick Sammons Biography
1823 - 1864 | Ireland Africa America Andersonville POW
Patrick Sammons was born in approximately 1823 in County Clare, Ireland. He and his wife, Mary McGuinnis were married there on 10 March 1847 by Father Coffey. Very shortly after their marriage, this young couple sailed for Cape Town, Africa. It is there that Patrick Sammons held a Government station for three years. Patrick Sammons and Mary McGuinnis first child, Timothy Sammons was born on 4 July 1849 at Cape of Good Hope, Africa, Five Months and Seven Days later, on 11 December 1849, this young family set sail, on the Bark Ocean Wave, from Cape Town, Africa to Boston, Massachusetts. According to the Passenger List for the Bark Ocean Wave, Patrick Sammons was 26 years old , Mary McGuinnis was 25  years old and Timothy Sammons was 4 Months young , the “Country to which they Severally Belong, Ireland”. This young family would arrive safely in America and can be found on the 12 August 1850 Town of Fayette, Seneca County, New York Census. Patrick Sammons was 37 years old , born in Ireland, Mary McGuinnis was 26 years old , born in Ireland and Timothy Sammons was 9/12 young , born in Africa. Patrick Sammons and Mary McGuinnis second child, Thomas H Sammons was born 22 February 1853 at Geneva, New York. Sometime between this date and 22 December 1855, Patrick Sammons and his young family find their way about 293 Miles West, to Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, where their third child John Richard Sammons was born on that date. Patrick Sammons and Mary McGuinnis fourth child Patrick Sammons was also born in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio on 18 December 1859. Sometime between this date and 21 July 1860, Patrick Sammons and his young family migrate about 288 Miles South to Nicholas County, Kentucky. It is here where on 21 July 1860 this family was enumerated on the District Number 1, Nicholas County, Post Office Forest Retreat, Kentucky Census. Patrick Sammons is 40 years old , born in Ireland, Mary McGuinnis is 40 years old , born in Ireland, Timothy Sammons is 12 years young , born in Kentucky, Thomas Sammons is 10 years young , born in Kentucky, John Sammons is 4 years young , born in Kentucky and Patrick Sammons is 10/12 , born in Kentucky. One Year Two Months and Twenty Eight Days later on 19 October 1861, Patrick Sammons Enlisted, at Carlisle, Nicholas County, Kentucky, in Company H, Commanded by Captain John J Hall, 18th Infantry Regiment Kentucky, Commanded by Lt Col Milward, as a Private. The Kentucky 18th Infantry Regiment was organized at large and mustered in February 8, 1862 at Cynthiana, Harrison County, Kentucky. Patrick Sammons youngest child, and only daughter, Mary Ann Sammons, was born 24 August 1862 at Carlisle, Nicholas County, Kentucky. Patrick Sammons was Captured at The Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia on 20 September 1863. He was imprisoned on 29 September 1863 at Confederate States Military Prison Richmond, Virginia. On November 24, 1863, he was admitted to the Prison Hospital at Danville, Virginia, On 12 December 1863 he was at the Confederate Prison in Danville, Virginia. On 12 June 1864 he was admitted to the Hospital at Andersonville Confederate Prison, Sumter County, Georgia. Patrick Sammons died of Scorbutus at Andersonville Confederate Prison on 16 June 1864 at approximately 41 years of age. The Confederate Prison of War at Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia is now a National Historical Site, Patrick Sammons Grave Number is 2063. Patrick Sammons left a Widow and 5 children ages 1 year to 14 years.
Kentucky 18th Infantry Regiment (Union) HISTORICAL NOTES:
The Kentucky 18th Infantry Regiment was organized at large and mustered in February 8, 1862.
Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 85 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 152 Enlisted men by disease. Total 243.
Served unattached, Army of Ohio, to August, 1862.
Cruft's Brigade, Nelson's Division, Richmond, Ky., Army of Kentucky, to September, 1862
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of Ohio, to October, 1862.
Unattached, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of Ohio, to December, 1862.
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Kentucky, to February, 1863.
Crook's Brigade, Baird's Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863.
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863.
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1865.
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
Duty guarding Covington & Lexington Railroad. Headquarters at Falmouth, Ky., till April 16, 1862, and at Lexington, Ky., till August 20, 1862. Affairs in Owen County June 20 and 23. Operations in Kentucky against Morgan July 4-28. Action at Cynthiana July 17. Paris July 19. Mt. Sterling, Ky.. July 29. Moved to Richmond, Ky., August 20. Battle of Richmond, Ky., August 30. Regiment mostly captured; those not captured retreat to Louisville, Ky.; thence moved to Covington, Ky., September 28; thence to Paris, Ky., and duty there till December 5. Moved to Lexington, Ky., December 5; thence to Louisville, Ky., January 27, 1863, and to Nashville, Tenn., February 2. Moved to Carthage and duty there till June 2. Moved to Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 2-7. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Occupation of Tullahoma July 1. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Catlett's Gap, Pigeon Mountain, September 15-18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Rossville Gap September 21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 22-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Brown's Ferry October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Duty at Chattanooga till January, 1864. Regiment Veteranize January 5, and Veterans on leave till March. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., March 12; thence march to Ringgold, Ga., March 22-May 7. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Assigned May 10 to post duty at Ringgold, Ga. Relieved September 25 and moved to Atlanta, Ga. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama October 3-26. March to the sea November 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Fayetteville, N. C., March 11. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Non-Veterans mustered out April 4, 1865. Advance on Raleigh, N. C., April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 30. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out July 18, 1865.