Event Page

World War II

(1934—1945)

World War II began on September 1, 1939, when Adolf Hitler invaded Poland. The United States tried to remain neutral until a crushing blow at Pearl Harbor sent America overseas in all directions to fight against fascist regimes. The war cost millions of lives, resulted in the use of atomic bombs, mortified the world with the Holocaust, and proved democracy could triumph over the totalitarian state.

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Ploesti Raid, Romania

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Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
USSWestVirginia.jpg
USSWestVirginia.jpg
Source: National Archives. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. Photo #: 80-G-19930. http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g10000/g19930t.jpg
1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
David R. Kingsley
David R. Kingsley
Source: http://www.homeofheroes.com/wings/part2/kingsley_bombardier.jpg
Hitler and Mussolini.jpg
Hitler and Mussolini.jpg
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Munich, Germany, ca. June 1940. 242-EB-7-38.
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Mussolini dead
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Marianas Islands. Major Charles W. Sweeney, Pilot Of The B-29 'Bockscar' Which Dropped The Atomic Bomb On Nagasaki, Japan, 9 August 1945, Is Shown Before His Mission Shaking Hands With Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Pilot Of The B-29 'Enola Gay' Which Atom-Bom
HitertakenParis.jpg
HitertakenParis.jpg
Adolf Hitler in Paris, June 23, 1940. 242-HLB-5073-20. (ww2_82.jpg)
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spotterBofB.jpg
Aircraft spotter on the roof of a building in London. St. Paul's Cathedral
PearlHarbor.jpg
PearlHarbor.jpg
Captured Japanese photograph taken during the December 7, 1941, attack on P
DDEisenhowerDday.jpg
DDEisenhowerDday.jpg
"Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the order of the Day. 'Full victory-nothin
normandy.jpg
normandy.jpg
"Landing on the coast of France under heavy Nazi machine gun fire are these
Parisliberation.jpg
Parisliberation.jpg
American troops in tank passing the Arc de Triomphe after the liberation of
USandRussiameet.jpg
USandRussiameet.jpg
"Happy 2nd Lt. William Robertson and Lt. Alexander Sylvashko, Russian Army,
IwoJima.jpg
IwoJima.jpg
"Flag raising on Iwo Jima." Joe Rosenthal, Associated Press, February 23, 1
MacArthurreturns.jpg
MacArthurreturns.jpg
"Gen. Douglas MacArthur wades ashore during initial landings at Leyte, P.I.
Holocaust1.jpg
Holocaust1.jpg
"These are slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena; m
Holocaust2.jpg
Holocaust2.jpg
"Bones of anti-Nazi German women still are in the crematoriums in the Germa
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A 9Th A.F. Photographer Accompanying Advance Elements Of Armor And Infantry Made This Picture At The Slave Labor Camp Near Nordhausen, Germany. Hundreds Of Workers Were Systemactically Starved To Death.
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Hundreds Of Slave Workers Were Systematically Starved To Death At A Labor Camp Near Nordhausen, Germany. A 9Th A.F. Cameraman, Accompanying Advanced Elements Of U.S. Armor And Infantry, Photographed This Section Of The Camp As German Civilians In The Bac
EndofWarII.jpg
EndofWarII.jpg
"GI's at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France, whoop it up af
VJday.jpg
VJday.jpg
"New York City celebrating the surrender of Japan. They threw anything and
Americangenerals.jpg
Americangenerals.jpg
American generals: seated left to right are William H. Simpson, George S. P
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A North American B-25 Mitchell With "Finito Benito, Next Hirohito" Written At The Top Of The Plane. Flying Over The Mediterranean. 12Th Af.
ddaylanding.jpg
ddaylanding.jpg
Landing ships putting cargo ashore on one of the invasion beaches, at low tide during the first days of the operation, June 1944. Photograph from the U.S. Coast Guard Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

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Stories

Lt. Kingsley Saves his Comrade

Ploesti Raid, Romania

Page 21
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On June 23, 1944, the 97th Bombardment Group, 15th Air Force left on a mission to bomb vital enemy installations in Ploesti Raid, Romania.[1] While flying over enemy airspace, the plane was hit and forced out of formation before the mission could be completed. Lt. David R. Kingsley was the bombardier of the B17 aircraft, and while the pilot continued on course despite continued enemy fire, Lt. Kingsley managed to drop his bombs and hit the required targets.

            While the pilot and Lt. Kingsley were focusing on the targets, tail-gunner Michael J. Sullivan received injuries in his head and shoulder from attacking ME-109 aircrafts. Lt. Kingsley, who also worked as the first aid technician, was notified of Sullivan's wounds and headed back to the radio room to help. In order to administer first-aid, Sgt. Sullivan’s parachute and heavy clothes were removed and he was wrapped in blankets. Although Kingsley succeeded in dressing the wound and stopping the bleeding, eight ME-109s continued to attack the aircraft.[2] While the plane struggled to remain in the air, Lt. Kingsley moved to administer first aid to another injured crew-member, the ball turret gunner Stanley J. Kmiec.

            As Kingsley worked on Sgt. Kmiec, Captain Anderson gave the order to bail out of the plane. Quickly, Kingsley assisted the two wounded in getting on their parachutes. In the confusion, the tail gunner’s parachute pack had been damaged and could not be located amid the bundles of clothes, blankets, and bandages. Without hesitation, David Kingsley removed his parachute and strapped it safely to Michael Sullivan, the tail gunner. In Sullivan’s own written account, Kingsley “gave his chute harness to the tail gunner.” In the crew’s accounts, Kingsley was last seen standing on the bomb bay catwalk. The plane shortly crashed over Bulgaria and his body was found in the wreckage.

            The nine other members of the crew were arrested as Prisoners of War and later returned to the United States where they resumed their duties. 2nd Lt. David R. Kingsley received the Medal of Honor on April 9, 1945, “For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty.”[3] Because of David Kingsley’s sacrifice Michael J. Sullivan survived to return to his family. David Kingsley became a statistic in the history books, statistics that show no faces. Although, to those who knew him, David R. Kingsley was a hero who willingly and without hesitation, gave his chute to a comrade knowing it meant giving up his own life.

[1] http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-g-l.html

[3] http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-g-l.html

[6] http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-g-l.html

Added by Clio

Event Details

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American Losses:
Battle Deaths: 291,557 1
Non-mortal Woundings: 671,846 1
Other Deaths in Service: 113,842 1
Total Casualties: 1,077,245 1
Total Servicemembers (Worldwide): 16,112,566 1
Important Leaders:
Germany: Adolf Hitler 2
Great Britain, Prime Minister: Winston Churchill 2
Italy: Benito Mussolini 2
Soviet Union: Joseph Stalin 2
U.S. General, Europe: General Dwight D. Eisenhower 2
U.S. General, Pacific: General Douglas MacArthur 2
U.S. President: Franklin Delano Roosevelt 2
V-E Day:
08 May 1945 2
First day of the Nuremberg Trials:
20 Nov 1945 2
Hitler commits suicide:
30 Apr 1945 2
Hitler declares himself Fuhrer:
02 Aug 1934 2
Kristallnacht (“Night of Broken Glass”):
09 Nov 1938 2
Munich Conference:
29 Sep 1938 2
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact:
23 Aug 1939 2
Nazi Army invades Poland:
01 Sep 1939 2
Battle of Britain:
10 July 1940 to 31 October 1940 2
Battle of Iwo Jima:
February 19, 1945--March 26, 1945 2
Formal Japanese surrender, V-J day:
02 Sep 1945 2
France surrenders to Nazi army:
22 Jun 1940 2
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor:
07 Dec 1941 2
Japan surrenders:
14 Aug 1945 2
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz:
27 Jan 1945 2
U.S. forces invade Okinawa:
01 Apr 1945 2
Wannsee Conference implements the Final Solution:
January 1942 2
Battle of Leyte Gulf:
October 23, 1944--October 26, 1944 2
Battle of Midway:
June 4, 1942--June 7, 1942 2
Battle of Stalingrad:
July 17, 1942--February 2, 1943 2
Battle of the Bulge:
December 16, 1944--January 25, 1945 2
D-Day Invasion of France:
06 Jun 1944 2
U.S. Enters the War:
08 Dec 1941 2
Place:
Location: Berlin, Germany 3
Place:
Location: Okinawa, Japan 4
Location: Nagasaki, Japan 2
Place:
Location: Hiroshima, Japan 2
Place:
Location: London, England 2
Place:
Location: Moscow, Russia 2
Place:
Location: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii 2
Place:
Location: Manila, Philippines 2
Place:
Location: Normandy, France 2

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