The Russian Revolution (1917)
The rising death tolls of World War I disillusioned many Russian citizens, and the country’s political and economic turmoil, aggravated by the poor leadership of Czar Nicholas II, ultimately led to a revolt by the people. Socialist leaders moved into power, taking advantage of the hostile environment. In February 1917, the regime of Czar Nicholas II fell and a socialist government was formed. However, by October 1917, Vladimir Lenin and his Bolsheviks took over leadership of Russia, creating the communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR, which controlled Russia and neighboring countries for the next seventy-four years.
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27th Anniversary of the October Revolution
On November 7, 1944, Russia celebrated the 27th anniversary of the Red or October Revolution. This picture displays two soldiers standing beside a decorated archway commemorating the event. During Communist reign in Russia, the government’s tight hold on civil rights produced a fake sense of security and peace. The people were ignorant of Stalin’s purges and government cover-ups. The events of 1917 in Russia changed the world. From a shaky alliance in World War II with the Allies, to the decades of Cold War, and the eventual collapse of the USSR, the October Revolution began a new age in history and affected a century of political policy.