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China

(1911—2008)

Also known as the People's Republic of China, host of the 2008 Summer Olympics.

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Beijing, China

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The Beijing National Stadium
The Beijing National Stadium
The Beijing National Stadium, also nicknamed the "Bird's Nest" because of its design, was the main arena for the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Traditional Chinese Characters
Traditional Chinese Characters
These Chinese characters are written using the traditional style.
Simplified Chinese Characters
Simplified Chinese Characters
These Chinese characters are written using the simplified style.
Chinese Seal Script
Chinese Seal Script
An example of Chinese Seal Script, the oldest form of written Chinese still in use today. It is used mainly for artwork and documents, by means of a chop (basically something you can stamp with), in place of a signature.
Bird - Oracle Bone Script
Bird - Oracle Bone Script
This is the character for "bird" written using Oracle Bone Script.
Bird - Traditional
Bird - Traditional
This is the character for "bird" written using the Traditional writing system.
Horse - Oracle Bone Script
Horse - Oracle Bone Script
This is the character for "horse" written using Oracle Bone Script. Note the head is in the shape of an eye, which is the Oracle Bone Script character for "eye."
Horse - Traditional
Horse - Traditional
This is the character for "horse" written using the Traditional writing system.
Mountain - Oracle Bone Script
Mountain - Oracle Bone Script
The character for "mountain" written using Oracle Bone Script.
Mountain - Traditional
Mountain - Traditional
The character for "mountain" written using the Traditional writing system.
Flag of the People's Republic of China
Flag of the People's Republic of China
The Flag of the People's Republic of China.

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Stories

2008 Summer Olympics

Beijing, China

The Beijing National Stadium

The Summer Olympics for 2008 were hosted in Beijing, China.  With the Opening Ceremony on August 8, 2008 and events happening until the Closing Ceremony on August 24, 2008, it was, as IOC president Jacques Rogge declared, a "truly exceptional games."

Something interesting to note about the beginning of the Games is that the Opening Ceremony happened on August 8, 2008 at 8:00 pm.  The number is considered to be good luck in Chinese culture because it sounds like the word for prosperity in the Chinese language.  Therefore, there were four eights (three from the date and one from the time) involved in the Opening Ceremony.

The Games lasted for a little over two weeks and included many different events.  Once the games had completed, China had won the most gold medals with 51, though the United States won in total medals with 110.  Other countries were not far behind them.

The Written Chinese Language

Traditional Chinese Characters
9 images

The written Chinese language is considered to be the writing system that has been continuously used for the longest period of time.  Something interesting about the Chinese language is that even though the pronunciation of the characters has changed in various regions, the characters themselves have remained relatively the same throughout the Chinese speaking communities.  Therefore, even if two people speak different dialects of Chinese (such as Cantonese and Mandarin, for example), they can still write and communicate with each other.

The earliest known written form of Chinese is called the Oracle Bone Script, named so because it was mainly written on bone fragments or turtle shells in the process of divination in Ancient China.  A number of these characters were pictograms, pictures that would represent other objects.  Over the centuries, these characters were written differently and eventually reached the point of where the previous pictograms of the Oracle Bone Script were no longer easily recognized as such.

There are some attached images of Chinese characters with this story, three Oracle Bone Script characters and their Traditional equivalents.  Looking closely, one can perhaps see the relation between the two characters and how the Oracle Bone Script character had evolved into the current Traditional character.

Today, there are two different systems of printing Chinese characters, those being the Traditional and the Simplified.  (There are various forms and styles of hand writing Chinese characters, one of which is the Seal Script referred to above.)

The Simplified system as it is today was developed by the People's Republic of China to helped improve literacy among the Chinese population.  Essentially reducing the number of strokes needed to write some of the more complex characters (an example is given in the pictures attached to this story), the Simplified system does greatly improve the ability to read certain Chinese characters.  The system is in use in Mainland China, Singapore, the United Nations and Malaysia.

Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan use traditional characters.  Traditional characters are generally used in Chinese communities elsewhere in the world, though simplified characters are becoming more popular in those communities.  Traditional characters have their roots from a standardization of Chinese characters about 1500 years ago.

Place Details

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2008 Summer Olympics:
From: 08 Aug 2008 1
Place: Beijing, China 1
To: 24 Aug 2008 1
Chinese Civil War:
All Out War Resumes: 1946 2
From: 1927 2
Japanese Invasion - Fighting Suspended: 07 Jul 1937 2
Japanese Surrender: 09 Sep 1945 2
Nanchang Uprising: 01 Aug 1927 2
To: 1950 2
Hong Kong Transfer of Sovereignty:
Date: 01 Jul 1997 3
Place: Hong Kong 3
Macau Transfer of Sovereignty:
Date: 20 Dec 1999 4
Place: Macau 4
People's Republic of China Established:
Date: 01 Oct 1949 5
Special Administrative Region:
Region: Hong Kong 6
Region: Macau 6
Xinhai Revolution:
Abdication of Emperor Puyi: 12 Feb 1912 7
Republic of China Established: 01 Jan 1912 7
Wuchang Uprising: 10 Oct 1911 7

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