The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea in June 1950. North Korea’s communist leaders desired a unified, communist Korea, but they did not anticipate President Truman’s fierce dedication to his policy of containment and a quick U.S. military response. The Korean War, defined by two years of stalemate along the 37th parallel, became the heated conflict of the Cold War and showed the world that the United States would defend all democracies against Communist invasion.
Photos (11) Add Images
Places mentioned on this page
Connected Pages Add Page
Links Add Link
About this page
Anyone can contribute to this page. Please sign in or sign up—it's free.
General Douglas MacArthur Dismissed
When the Korean War started in June 1950, Truman called on General Douglas MacArthur, the hero of the Pacific in WWII, to lead the troops in Korea. MacArthur made a successful amphibious campaign, landing behind the enemy’s lines at Inchon. His invasion began on September 15, 1950, and by November the U.S. Army had crossed the 38th parallel, taking control of the greater part of Korea. Although MacArthur’s actions were approved by Washington, the U.S. invasion northward provoked the Chinese. Prior to the invasion, MacArthur assured President Truman that China would not get involved, but he was proved wrong when the Chinese mobilized their troops The Chinese Army invaded Northern Korea and MacArthur pushed for a counter-offensive, but Truman and others in Washington disagreed. They felt that Europe and the Soviet Union were the priority and not war with China. An enraged MacArthur publicly denounced the President’s orders and Truman had no choice but to remove him from duty. Truman’s decision was not well received by the public. MacArthur came home a hero while Truman looked like a Communist appeaser. Without MacArthur, the war fell into a stalemate. For two more years the war continued and men died on the battlefield while Washington tried unsuccessfully to negotiate a cease-fire with China.