Event Page

The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki

(1945)

When faced with a full-scale invasion of Japan or the dropping of atomic bombs, newly-appointed President Harry S Truman immediately realized the full weight of his office. After the first successful explosion of the new atomic weapon in July 1945, President Truman decided to use its destructive force on Japan, hoping to bring the war to a speedy conclusion and save American lives. The United States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in Japan’s unconditional surrender and the official end of World War II. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought the world into the nuclear age and displayed the devastating consequences of nuclear weaponry.

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Atom Bomb Burst Over Nagasaki, Japan On 9 Aug. 1945. Two Planes Of The 509Th Composite Group, Part Of The 313Th Wing Of The 20Th Air Force, Participated In This Mission; One To Carry The Bomb, The Other To Act As Escort.
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Atom Bomb Burst Over Nagasaki, Japan On 9 August 1945. Two Planes Of The 509Th Composite Group, Part Of The 313Th Wing Of The 20Th Air Force, Participated In This Mission; One To Carry The Bomb, The Other To Act As Escort.
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At Nagasaki, Japan Only Rubble Remains Near The Point Where The Atomic Bomb Was Dropped. Nagasaki Was So Pulverized That Only A Few Shacks Could Be Rebuilt Out Of Debris.
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1St Lt. D.A. Mcgovern, Buffalo, N.Y., Usaf, Member Of The Newsreel Pool, Stands At Exact Spot Where The Atomic Bomb Dropped At Nagasaki, Japan. This Spot Is Now Called "Zero". In The Distant Background May Be Seen The Urakami Cathedral. 8 September 194
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This Was Hiroshima Before A Single B-29 Dropped One Bomb By Parachute [Sic] Over The City. There Were Streets, Buildings, Factories, Houses And Peopele.
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One Year After The Dropping Of The First Atom Bomb, Hiroshima, Japan, Is Still A Town Of Rubble And Debris. This Steel Frame Building (The Shimomuna Watch Shop) Had Its First Story Columns Buckle Away From The Terrific Forces Of The Blast, Dropping The S
1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
1945-Aug-16 Askov American, Page 1
hiroshima-l.jpg
hiroshima-l.jpg
Map of Hiroshima
nagasaki-l.jpg
nagasaki-l.jpg
Map of Nagasaki
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Marianas Islands. Major Charles W. Sweeney, Pilot Of The B-29 'Bockscar' Which Dropped The Atomic Bomb On Nagasaki, Japan, 9 August 1945, Is Shown Before His Mission Shaking Hands With Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Pilot Of The B-29 'Enola Gay' Which Atom-Bom
Hiroshimacloud.jpg
Hiroshimacloud.jpg
Mushroom cloud over Hiroshima
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The Manhattan Project

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Early in 1940, and in the face of Hitler’s European conquests, Albert Einstein convinced President Franklin Roosevelt to fund the creation of a new weapon. These notebook pages from the Manhattan Project—code name for the atomic bomb—reveal the first successful controlled and self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. At the bottom of the notebook, one scientist comments, “We’re cookin!” Not only did this experimental project usher in a new age of weaponry, but it also began an era where nuclear power could be harnessed and used for energy. America first used nuclear weapons to devastate the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The power of the bomb reverberated throughout the world and created fears that fueled the Cold War for nearly five decades.

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Event Details

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Service Information:

World War II 1

Rank: 1
Service End Date: 1
Service Start Date: 1
Damages:
Hiroshima: Around 130,000 people dead 2
Nagasaki: Around 80,000 people dead or missing 2
Date:
From: 06 Aug 1945 2
To: 09 Aug 1945 2
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima:
06 Aug 1945 2
Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki:
09 Aug 1945 2
First successful atomic bomb explosion:
16 Jul 1945 2
First successful atomic bomb explosion:
Alamogordo, New Mexico 2
Japan Surrenders:
02 Sep 1945 2
People or Groups:
Name: Major Charles W. Sweeney 2
Role: Pilot of plane which dropped atomic bomb on Nagasaki 2
People or Groups:
Name: Colonel Paul Tibbets 2
Role: Pilot of Enola Gay plane, dropped bomb on Hiroshima 2
Place:
Location: Nagasaki, Japan 3
Place:
Location: Hiroshima, Japan 2

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  1. Contributed by deakon509108
  2. Contributed by Clio
  3. Contributed by chris
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