Summary

Birth:
30 Nov 1874 1
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, United Kingdom 1
Death:
24 Jan 1965 1
Hyde Park Gate, United Kingdom 1
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Full Name:
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, 1
Full Name:
Winston Churchill 1
Birth:
30 Nov 1874 1
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, United Kingdom 1
Death:
24 Jan 1965 1
Hyde Park Gate, United Kingdom 1

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Stories

Franklin D. Roosevelt & Winston Churchill

President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill conferred on a war vessel off the coast of Newfoundland on August 14, 1941. The agreed to present plans for a new world based on an end to tyranny and territorial aggrandizement, the disarmament of aggressors, and the fullest cooperation of all nations for the social and economic welfare of all. The Atlantic Charter was designed as a counter thrust to a possible new Hitler peace offensive as well as a statement of postwar aims. Fifteen anti-Axis nations, including the USSR, endorsed the Atlantic Charter the following month.

 

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Churchill was a member of the British parliament for more than 60 years, twice prime minister of Great Britain, and the nation's leader through most of World War II. In the military near the turn of the century, he also wrote for British newspapers. Sent to cover the South African War for the Morning Post, he was captured by the Boers in 1899. His daring escape made him an instant celebrity.

Churchill was elected to parliament in 1900 as a Conservative. By 1904 his political sympathies had changed, and he abandoned the Conservatives for the Liberals. When the Liberals came to power the following year, he became under secretary of state for the colonies. In 1910 he was appointed home secretary and the following year, first lord of the Admiralty.

After World War I, and a period during which the Liberals lost power, Churchill was removed from the Admiralty, and he lost his seat in parliament. Over the next years, he gradually moved back into alliance with the Conservatives. He returned to parliament in 1924 and was offered the position of chancellor of the exchequer, which he held for five years. Churchill returned as first lord of the Admiralty in September 1939 and moved up to prime minister in May 1940. He directed Britain's policies during World War II, which included developing strong alliances with the United States and Russia.

With the end of the war, the Conservatives were swept out of office and Churchill with them. He returned to power in 1951, suffered a stroke two years later, and left office in 1955.

 

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